Title

從正向心理學優勢探討兒童人際關係

Translated Titles

Using Strengths Leads to Improve Child Interpersonal Relationship in Positive Psychology

Authors

鄭曉楓(Hsiao-Feng Cheng);田秀蘭(Hsiu-Lan Tien)

Key Words

人際關係 ; 正向心理學 ; 優勢 ; 共識質性研究 ; interpersonal relationship ; positive psychology ; strengths ; consensus qualitative research

PublicationName

臺灣諮商心理學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

5卷1期(2017 / 09 / 01)

Page #

93 - 120

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究透過正向心理學24項優勢分類架構,探討能增進兒童人際關係之優勢內涵及本土性意義。以半結構式訪談12位心理師,了解其對增進兒童人際關係相關優勢的看法與心得。所得研究資料採用共識質性研究方法(Consensus Qualitative Research, CQR)分析。研究結果發現增進兒童人際關係之核心優勢(「典型」次數類型)有自我調整、開放胸襟、仁慈,以及有見解四項;次要優勢(「不定」次數類型)為寬恕、感恩及幽默三項。以上優勢,開放胸襟和有見解屬於「智慧」美德,仁慈屬於「人道」美德,寬恕和自我調整屬於「節制」美德,感恩與幽默屬於「心靈超越」美德。根據研究結果提出具體建議,供未來研究與實務工作之參考。

English Abstract

Objective: Guided by the strength-based perspective in positive psychology, this study aimed to investigate what specific types of strengths and their indigenous meanings that enhance children's interpersonal relationship. Methods: Data was collected from 12 psychologist using semi-structured interviews to understand their viewpoints on strength enhancement topics related to children's interpersonal relationship. Consensual qualitative research analysis was conducted. Results: Four core strengths were identified for enhancing children's interpersonal relationship (typical type in frequency): self-regulation, open-mindedness, kindness, and insightfulness. Three secondary strengths (atypical type in frequency) identified from the data included forgiveness, gratitude, and humor. Open-mindedness and insightfulness belonged to "wisdom" virtue. Kindness belonged to "humanity" virtue. Forgiveness and self-regulation belonged to "temperance" virtue. Gratitude and humor belonged to "transcendence" virtue. Conclusions: Specific recommendations based on research results are provided for the reference of future practical application and research.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 心理學