The Profile of Mental Training Practice among Teenage Athletes
李文娟(Wen-Chuan Lee)；彭譯箴(Yi-Chen Perng)；陳淑滿(Shu-Man Chen)
心智訓練 ； 心理技能 ； mental training ； psychological skills
|Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication||
92年度 (上)（2003 / 06 / 07）
525 - 532
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of mental training among teenage athletes. Total 638 subjects were chosen from players of basketball, football, tennis and badminton. Their average age and playing experience were 15.09±1.67 and 3.73±1.84 respectively. All subjects completed demographic data and Chi's version of ”questionnaire of mental training”. The results were as follows. Generally, goal setting (50.8%), imagery (56.7%), relaxation (55.2%), and concentration (60.6%) were major mental training practice among teenage athletes and were mostly instructed by their coaches. Coping with pressure (41.8%) and pre-competition preparation (50.6%) were instructed by teenager themselves. However, all items can not reach one percentage in acceptance of expert instruction. Furthermore, goal setting instructed by coaches on tennis and badminton players was higher than their basketball and football counterparts. It may indicated that application of psychological skills differ from different sport and can be further investigated.