Brazil in Three Periods of Foreign Policy: Between Regionalism, Multilateralism and The South-South Context
Marcos Costa Lima；Milton Carlos Bragatti；Fabio Borges
South-South Cooperation ； Brazil ； Independent foreign policy ； Brazilian political crisis
|Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication||
30期（2017 / 09 / 01）
27 - 43
The Bandung Conference, held in 1955, has been a landmark for South- South cooperation. In line with this context, Brazil developed the so-called Independent Foreign Policy (Política Externa Independente, or PEI) between 1961 and 1964, which sought to increase the autonomy of the country and promote the cooperation with Asia and Africa, as well as Latin America. However, South-South cooperation lost strength in the 1970s, among other factors, influenced by the oil crisis. At the beginning of the 21st century, South-South cooperation reappears strongly on the international stage. The current changes and political crisis in the domestic context point to a period of uncertainty and redirection, as well as posing a series of questions about the fate of Brazilian foreign policy, regional integration and the nation's efforts in regionalism, South-South Cooperation and even, the country's positioning in relation to the traditional Brazilian global ambitions.