Title

國小舞蹈班與普通班學生完美主義及成就表現之研究

Translated Titles

A Study on the Perfectionism and Achievements among Gifted Students with Dance Talents and Regular Students

Authors

陳雅琪(Ya-Chi Chen);郭靜姿(Ching-Chih Kuo)

Key Words

完美主義 ; 成就表現 ; 舞蹈班學生 ; 普通班學生 ; perfectionism ; achievement performance ; dance-talented student ; regular student

PublicationName

資優教育論壇

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

11卷(2013 / 03 / 01)

Page #

72 - 90

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究旨在探討「完美主義」及「成就表現」之相關情形,研究對象為國小舞蹈班與普通班學生。三、五年級412位學生為樣本,以「完美主義量表」、「成就表現」為研究工具。「完美主義量表」包含自我要求、過度在意錯誤、父母期望與父母批評四個分量表,「成就表現」則分成學科與術科成就表現。本研究通過描述統計、t考驗、二因子變異數分析,探討「班別」與「年級」在完美主義上的差異;進而,以Pearson積差相關,探討完美主義與成就表現之相關情形。研究結果分述如下:一、舞蹈班與普通班學生在完美主義傾向無顯著差異。二、不同年級在「完美主義量表」中的「自我要求」,「過度在意錯誤」與「父母期望」分量表,達顯著差異。三、學生的自我要求越高,術科成就表現(民族舞蹈、芭蕾舞、現代舞)也越高。四、學生太過度在意錯誤,數學成就表現會越低。五、父母給予較多的負向回饋,學生在國語、數學、芭蕾舞的成就表現也越低。

English Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between perfectionism and student achievement. Samples were 412 elementary school students in Taipei City and New Taipei City, including third-grade and fifth-grade students in dance-talented and regular classes. Research tools were Perfectionism Scale and achievements tests. The Perfectionism Scale included four subscales like high personal standards, concerns about mistakes, parental expectations, and parental criticism. Student achievements were academic achievements in mandarin and mathematics, and performing achievements in ethnic dance, ballet, modern dance, and improvisation. Statistical analysis included descriptive statistics, t-test, two-way analysis of variance, and Pearson product-moment correlation. The main findings of this research were stated as follows: 1. There were no significant differences between gifted students with dance talents and regular students in the Perfectionism Scale. 2. There were significant differences between students of different grades in the Perfectionism Scale. 3. There were significant positive correlation s between high personal standards and performing achievements in dance like ethnic dance, ballet, and modern dance. 4. There were significant negative correlations between concerns about mistakes and academic achievement in mathematics. 5. There were significant negative correlations between parental criticism and academic achievements in mandarin and math, and between parental criticism and ballet achievement.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 教育學
Reference
  1. Adler, A. (1930). Individual psychology. In C. Murchison (Ed.), Psychologies of 1930 (pp. 395-405). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press
  2. 楊鴻飛、來燕、王霞(2005): 高中生的完美主義與知覺到的父母完美主義的相關分析。上網日期2008年12月31日。http://scholar.ilib.cn/A-zglcxlxzz200504018.html
  3. 教育部(1984):特殊教育法。臺北:作者
  4. 教育部(1981): 國民中小學美術、舞蹈實驗班的實施計劃。臺北:作者。
  5. 教育部(2004):台灣學生學習成就評量資料庫。上網日期:2008年12 月2 日。http://tasa.naer.edu.tw/。http://tasa.naer.edu.tw/
  6. Arthur, N.,Hayward, L.(1997).Relationships between perfectionism, standards for academic achievement, and emotional distress in postsecondary students.Journal of College Student Development,38(6),622-632.
  7. Barrow, J. C.,Moore, C. A.(1983).Group interventions with perfectionistic thinking.Personal and Guidance Journal,61,612-615.
  8. Basco, M. R.(1999).The perfect's trap.Psychology Today,32,30-36.
  9. Burns, D. D.(1980).The perfectionist script for self-defeat.Psychology Today,14(6),34-52.
  10. Davis, G. A.,Rimm, S. B.(2004).Education of the gifted and talented.Boston, MA:Allyn & Bacon.
  11. Frost, R. O.,Marten, P. A.(1990).Perfectionism and evaluative threat.Cognitive Therapy and Research,14(6),559-572.
  12. Greenspon, T.(2004).The courage to be imperfect.Evanston, IL:Center for Talent Development.
  13. Hamachek, D. E.(1978).Psychodynamics of normal and neurotic perfectionism.Psychology,15(1),27-33.
  14. Hewitt, P. L.,Fleet, G. L.(1991).Perfectionism in the self and social contexts: Conceptualization, assessment and association with psychopathology.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,60,456-470.
  15. Horney, K.(1950).Neurosis and human growth: The struggle toward self-realization.New York, NY:W. W. Norton.
  16. Johnson, D. P.,Slaney, R. B.(1996).Perfectionism: Scale development and a study of perfectionistic clients in counseling.Journal of College Student Development,37(1),29-41.
  17. Martin, M. A.、Richard, P. S.、黃政昌譯(2008)。永遠不夠完美─如何改變你的完美主義。臺北:心理。
  18. Neumäerker, K.,Bettle, N.,Neumäerker, U.,Bettle, O.(2000).Age and gender related psychological characteristics of adolescent ballet dancers.Psychopathology,33(3),137-142.
  19. Patch, A. R.(1984).Reflections on perfection.American Psychologist,39(4),386-390.
  20. Stoeber, J.,Eismann, U.(2007).Perfectionism in young musicians: Relations with motivation, effort, achievement, and distress.Personality and Individual Differences,43,2182-2192.
  21. Witcher, L. A.,Alexander, E. S.,Onwuegbuzie, A. J.,Collins, K.,Witcher, A. E.(2007).The relationship between psychology students' levels of perfectionism and achievement in a graduate-level research methodology course.Personality and Individual Differences,43,1396-1405.
  22. 林俊德(1997)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。彰化,國立彰化師範大學輔導學系。
  23. 林寶貴、李旭原(2008)。殊教育學名詞辭典。臺北:五南。
  24. 張春興(1995)。現代心理學。臺北:東華。
  25. 陳玫伶(1996)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。高雄,國立高雄師範大學特殊教育學系。
  26. 陳雅檸(2006)。談正視資優生的正向完美主義特質。特教通訊,35,7-11。
  27. 楊美華(2005)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。臺北,私立輔仁大學心理學系。
  28. 葉真秀(2004)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。臺中,國立臺中師範學院諮商與教育心理學系。
  29. 董力華(2007)。大學生完美主義量表之內涵建構與編製。高醫通識教育學報,2,235-257。