Truth or Fiction: Narrative Boundaries of Scientific Exhibitions
科學展覽 ； 敘事理論 ； 真實 ； 虛構 ； 機械恐龍 ； scientific exhibition ； narrative theories ； truth ； fiction ； robot dinosaur
|Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication||
26卷3期（2012 / 07 / 01）
61 - 75
As a method for understanding the past, narrative has leapt from a marginal position to the center of numerous disciplines that impinge on historical research. An exhibition can be an implied formulation, an interpretation of culture or a statement of position. It can also be a form of narrative, involving a relationship between the narrator and audience which can exert a high degree of influence on the audience. Whether the content conveyed by the narrative of an exhibition is faithful to reality (experience) or to an ideal (fiction), or a combination of the two, is the first question that this article seeks to explore. Whether an exhibition is realistic or not presents a truly ethical question. There are researchers that argue that scientific discourse is not always an unadorned presentation of authentic materials, and that fictional stories can be truer and more philosophical. ＂Truth＂ can therefore be turned into an issue to be deliberated further. Focusing the scope of our research, we took as our research arena the Dinosaur Gallery in the Life Sciences Hall of the National Museum of Natural Science, and the robot dinosaurs located in this gallery as our research subjects. Through textual analysis of the exhibition and qualitative analysis of interviews with a senior researcher and museum visitors, we explored how the truth and fiction of stories narrated by scientific exhibitions are defined. What are their narrative features? In terms of acceptance by audiences, how do they generate significance? This study attempts to analyze why the narratives of science exhibitions are often founded on existing conventions and why the boundaries of truth and fiction are not absolute. The results showed that the National Museum of Natural Science's audience maintains a credulous attitude towards the exhibits in the Dinosaur Gallery. The audience is able to tell what is real and what is false about the robot dinosaurs and, assuming appropriate explanations and planning of space, to receive important scientific messages.
人文學 > 藝術