Title

史事.故事.人物-唐前荊軻故事流衍考論

Translated Titles

Jing Ke Between History and Gegend

DOI

10.6743/NAJ.201908_36.0003

Authors

陳特(Chen Te)

Key Words

荊軻 ; 《史記》 ; 《戰國策》 ; 〈詠荊軻〉 ; 《燕丹子》 ; Jing Ke ; Records of the Grand Historian ; poetry ; visual materials ; fiction

PublicationName

新亞學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

36卷(2019 / 08 / 01)

Page #

77 - 115

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

「荊軻刺秦」是重要史事,也是膾炙人口的故事,較早的《史記》的記載能夠讓我們獲知,「太子丹使荊軻刺秦」作為重要史事,在書面和口頭都有流傳,司馬遷整合各種材料,傾注個人感情,撰作〈荊軻傳〉,而其中「荊軻刺秦」之故事,更成為獨立之單元。如此廣泛的傳播,也結合載體、作者和文類再生新變。漢魏時期的相關圖像,集中展演「刺秦」過程中最緊張的一幕,突出了荊軻的「勇」;在魏晉詩人那裏,荊軻更多是作為悲劇人物被呈現,其「義」與「誼」則更受推重,這自然離不開《史記》的巨大影響;而「古小說」《燕丹子》則彙集了更多「不經」的故事傳說且有進一步增刪整合,其中多有民間趣味。

English Abstract

"Jing Ke's attempt on Ying Zheng's life" is an important incident in ancient Chinese history. It is also a story known to many. From Sima Qian's Records of the Grand Historian, we learn that this incidentt was recorded in the annals of different states before the Qin Dynasty. In constructing the image of assassin Jing Ke, Sima Qian injected his strong personal feelings, where he presented Jing Ke as a failed hero. The biography of Jing Ke became a literary canon after Sima Qian and came to influence most of the literati. Visual materials, however, show us another image of JING Ke with their emphasis on his valor. Moreover, ancient works of fiction about Jing Ke contain more fantastic and romantic elements, which correspond to the popular taste.

Topic Category 人文學 > 哲學
人文學 > 宗教學
人文學 > 歷史學
人文學 > 中國文學