Translated Titles

Cases of Mass Rallying Disturbances in the Period of Collectivization in Guangxi




王力堅(WANG, Li Jian)

Key Words

集體化 ; 糾合事件 ; 反革命 ; 廣西 ; 階級鬥爭 ; collectivization ; mass rallying disturbances ; counter-revolution ; Guangxi ; class struggle



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

37卷(2020 / 08 / 01)

Page #

275 - 335

Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

This paper discusses cases of mass rallying disturbances in Guangxi in three stages. In the official discourse of the Chinese Communist Party, the so-called "mass disturbance events" in Guangxi between 1954 and 1956 are labelled as having a distinctive counter-revolutionary character and aiming at confronting and subverting the new CCP regime. The cases of 1957-1959 were closely related to the Great Leap Forward. With its inflated production targets and artificially high volume of acquisition, the food supply of the peasants was completely plundered, prompting them to resort to armed conflicts and rally the mass to riots. The post-1960 cases took place in the context of the Great Famine, where peasants struggled on the brink of starvation and death. Facing crises of life and death, the peasants could only save themselves by such measures as "opening the granaries and dividing the grain," "concealing food production" and "allocating land to individual households" in addition to resorting to rallying the masses to create disturbances. Although the government repression of these incidents succeeded to a certain extent in maintaining social stability, the practice of attributing the cause of these social incidents to ideological errors had only increased their occurrences, instilled fear among the people, degraded the ruling party's sense of governing and intensified its consciousness of class struggle.

Topic Category 人文學 > 哲學
人文學 > 宗教學
人文學 > 歷史學
人文學 > 中國文學