Title

空間結構與行人移動之模擬-以西門徒步區為例

Translated Titles

Agent-based Modeling of Spatial Configuration and Pedestrian Movement

DOI

10.6342/NTU.2004.01484

Authors

陳正德

Key Words

個體行為導向模型 ; 行人徒步區 ; 可視性分析 ; agent-based model ; pedestrian mall ; visibility analysis

PublicationName

臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2004年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

林峰田

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究之目的在於發展個體行為導向之模擬程式,來了解空間與行人之互動關係。此互動關係之模型,建立在空間認知之理論基礎上。本研究採用視距與視域做為空間認知的兩種屬性,來連結空間與行人之關係。 本模擬程式運用Netlogo軟體撰寫。在此軟體中,環境(patches)以及行為者(agents)可以分別設計,分別用來代表空間以及行人。行人行走於空間紋理中的過程,可以比擬為行為者移動與環境中。因此,行人與空間之互動可以被賦予到程式上來進行模擬。 模擬中,行為者主要依據視距等級來決定下一步,在視域達到某一門檻值時修正它的方向,逐步抵達它被給予的目的地。研究發現,視域的門檻值設定影響實際抵達的比例以及花費的時間。 在整體流量層次上,本研究在研究案例以及模擬中,設置五個位於相同地點的檢視點,分別統計其流量,來比較模擬與真實流量的關係。本程式所模擬出來的結果,與實地調查之相關係數最高可達0.99,具有相當高的線性正比關係。

English Abstract

This research aims to develop an agent-based system to simulate interaction of space and pedestrian. Based on theories of human cognition, the interaction model employs visual distance and area to guide pedestrian navigation. This research uses NetLogo as simulation platform where space and pedestrian are considered as patches and agents respectively. Agents move according to visual distance and adjust heading if their visual area above threshold. It is found that proportion of agents who are able to arrive their destinations and times they have spent varies with respect to thresholds of visual area. In aggregate level, five check points are set up to compare pedestrian flows observed and simulated. The simulation results show very good correlation where the maximum correlation coefficient is 0.99.

Topic Category 工學院 > 建築與城鄉研究所
工程學 > 土木與建築工程
工程學 > 市政與環境工程
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