Title

英國中古晚期工匠行會的價格管制:以公正價格觀念為例

Translated Titles

Price control of Medieval England:the concept of Just Price

DOI

10.6342/NTU.2006.01935

Authors

黃小芳

Key Words

英國 ; 中古 ; 晚期 ; 工匠行會 ; 公正價格 ; England ; Medieval ; Craft Guild ; Just Price

PublicationName

臺灣大學歷史學研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2006年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

楊肅獻

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本篇文章企圖解決的問題,就是:「工匠行會是否足以控制價格」。在英國中古晚期的社會變化的過程中看出,手工業和商業有著基本上的對立,為了因應時勢,行會制定價格規定,使得商人無法在城鎮中從事商業活動,走出鄉間、促成了十五、六世紀大規模的新的工商業,也使得城鎮衰落。 這個課題所使用的方法,一個經院哲學觀念——「公正價格」這個觀念,這個觀念與「工匠行會控制價格的關係」有幾點:一、它們都同時包含著工資與價格的意義;二、公正價格為了維持社會階級(史學家看法),而行會就是其工具;三、公正價格就是市場價格(經院學家看法),而行會透過獨占就是阻礙公正價格的實現。 關於這個問題的討論我們得出這樣的結論:大體而言,工匠行會的影響力並不如想像地大,無論是在價格還是薪資上,他們的影響其實是有限的。我們的刻板印象是:行會由於保守和僵化制定了許多的規定,壓制了資本主義的成長,甚至它們的技術落後而導致自身的消失,但事實上行會的消失不是因為技術落後,而是由於國家政策。

Topic Category 人文學 > 歷史學
文學院 > 歷史學研究所
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