Title

流動女體的跨國敘事:旅英台籍女性的身體美學與文化認同

Translated Titles

Constructing transnational bodies: Body aesthetics and cultural identities among Taiwanese women in Britain

DOI

10.6342/NTU.2007.01867

Authors

康庭瑜

Key Words

性別 ; 女性研究 ; 身體 ; 遷移 ; 移群 ; 女性主義 ; 美學 ; 認同 ; 消費 ; gender ; body ; migration ; feminism ; aesthetics ; identity ; consumption ; diaspora

PublicationName

臺灣大學社會學研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2007年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

李明璁

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究聚焦於旅英台籍女性的身體美學和文化認同之間的動態關聯。移群女性的身體是跨國的權力被生產、被銘刻、甚至被挑戰的重要場域。置身於倫敦地區高等教育當中的台灣移群社會網絡,本研究發現身體美學以及其所型構的文化認同總是是情境式的,「移群台灣女性特質」的內涵,在不同時間、空間、觀眾等等脈絡當中,需要與新的情境協商。面對兩種相異的身體想像──台灣的西化理想女體論述,和西方空間中對東亞女體的東方主義式凝視──台灣移群女性在英國的身體美學實踐指明了移群文化認同的動態性和情境性。

English Abstract

The study explores the dynamic relations between the body aesthetics and the formation of cultural identities among Taiwanese women in Britain. The bodies of migrant women are a key site where transnational power is produced, inscribed, and sometimes challenged. Using primarily ethnographical data, the present research engages in depth with the everyday bodily practices of these women, examining the body aesthetics and identities formed in the diasporic community. It is found in the study that bodily aesthetics and the related cultural identities are rather situated in this community, as what ‘migrant Taiwanese femininity’ means needs to be negotiated and re-negotiated with specific audiences and located in cultural, temporal and spatial contexts. I argue that constantly caught between the tensions of the highly westernised bodily discourses in Taiwan and the Orientalist gaze that ‘Asianizes’ their bodies in Britain, these migrant women’s bodily aesthetics is theoretically significant for it foregrounds the volatility and situatedness of both body aesthetics and cultural identity among diasporic women.

Topic Category 社會科學院 > 社會學研究所
社會科學 > 社會學
Reference
  1.  2000 Strange Encounters: Embodied Others in Post-Coloniality. London:  
    連結:
  2.  Routledge.
    連結:
  3.  2005 “Use of the Exotic: Body, Narrative, Mixedness” in Alexander, C. and C.  
    連結:
  4.  Mamillan.
    連結:
  5. Alloula, M.
    連結:
  6. 1998 “From The Colonial Harem”, in Mirzoeff
    連結:
  7. Anderson, B.
    連結:
  8. 1983The Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and the Spread of
    連結:
  9. 1990 ‘Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy.” Theory, Culture and Society. 7: 295-309.
    連結:
  10. Bartky, S L
    連結:
  11.  1990 Feminity and Domination NY:Routledge
    連結:
  12. Balsamo, A.
    連結:
  13. Becker, A.
    連結:
  14. Berry, A., and Murray, P.
    連結:
  15.  2000 “Comparing Postcolonial Literatures: Dislocations”. New York: St. Martin
    連結:
  16. Berman, R.
    連結:
  17. 1989 “From Aristotle’s dualism to materialist dialectics feminists transformations
    連結:
  18. Bordo, S.
    連結:
  19. 1993 “Unbearable weight: Feminism, Western culture, and the body”. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
    連結:
  20. Bourdieu, P.
    連結:
  21. Butler, J
    連結:
  22. 1990 ‘Subjects of Sex/Gender/Desire.’ Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York, Routledge, pp. 1-34.
    連結:
  23. 1993 “Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of Sex” New York: Routledge.
    連結:
  24. Chapkis, W.
    連結:
  25. Chang, Hsiao-hung
    連結:
  26. Chang, Jui-Shan
    連結:
  27. 2004 “Refashioning Womanhood in 1990s Taiwan: An Analysis of the Taiwanese Edition of Cosmopolitan Magazine”, Modern China, July 2004
    連結:
  28. Cheung, K.
    連結:
  29. 1990”The Woman Warrior Versus the Chinaman Pacific: Must A Chinese American Critic Choose between Feminism and Heroism?”. In Hirsch, M. and Keller E. F. (Eds.) Confuses in Feminism. New York: Routledge
    連結:
  30. Chiswick, B
    連結:
  31. 1978 ‘The Effect of Americanization on the Earning of Foreign-born Men.’ The Journal of Political Economy, 86 (5):897-921
    連結:
  32. Connell, R.W.
    連結:
  33. Creighton, M. R.
    連結:
  34. 2000 “From airbrushing toliposuction: The Technological reconstruction of the female body”. In B. Miedema, J. Stoppard, & V. Anderson (Eds). Women’s bodies/women’s lives (pp. 277-293). Toronto: Second Story Press.
    連結:
  35. 2004 “Sites of attractiveness: Japanese women and westernized representations of feminine beauty”, Critical Studies in Media Communication, Volume 21, 325 – 345
    連結:
  36. Devault, M.
    連結:
  37. 1996 “Black Visual Culture: Modernity and Postmodernity”, London/New York: Routeledge.
    連結:
  38. Driscoll, C.
    連結:
  39. Elshtain, J. B.
    連結:
  40.   1993 ‘Sovereignty, identity, sacrifice’, in Marjorie Ringrose and Adam Lerner
    連結:
  41. Enloe, C.
    連結:
  42.   1989 Bananas, Beaches and Bases: making Feminist sense of international
    連結:
  43.   politics, London: Pandora.
    連結:
  44. Espiritu, YL
    連結:
  45. 1997 “Asian American Women and Men”. Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage
    連結:
  46. Fanon, Frantz
    連結:
  47. 1967 Black Skin, White Masks. New York: Grove
    連結:
  48. Fanon, F.
    連結:
  49. 1967/1986 Black Skin, White Mask. London: Pluto.
    連結:
  50. Foucault, M.
    連結:
  51. 1979 Discipline and Punish: the Birth of the Prison, Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    連結:
  52. 2002‘Governmentality', in Power: Essential Works of Foucault 1954-1984 volume 3. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    連結:
  53. Friedberg, R M
    連結:
  54. 2000 ‘You Can’t Take it With You? Immigrant Assimilation and the Portability of
    連結:
  55. Garcia Canclini, N.
    連結:
  56. 1995 Hybrid cultures: strategies for entering and leaving
    連結:
  57. Geertz, C.
    連結:
  58. 1973 The interpretation of cultures : selected essays New York : Basic Books
    連結:
  59. Gellner, E.
    連結:
  60. 1983 Nations and Nationalism, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
    連結:
  61. Giddens, A.
    連結:
  62. 1990 The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    連結:
  63.  women, Princeton: Princeton University Press
    連結:
  64. Gilman, S.
    連結:
  65. Gilroy, P
    連結:
  66.  1994 After the Love Has Gone: bio-politics and the ethnoc-poetics in the black public sphere, Public Culutre, 7(1):49-76
    連結:
  67. Goffman, E.
    連結:
  68. 1979 Gender advertisements. London, Macmillan.
    連結:
  69.  1956/1990 The presentation of Self in Everyday Life, London: Penguin
    連結:
  70. Goldman, R.
    連結:
  71. 1992 Reading Ads Socially, New York: Routledge.
    連結:
  72. Grosz, E.
    連結:
  73. 1994 “Volatile bodies: Toward a corporeal feminism”. Bloomington, IN: Indiana
    連結:
  74. University Press.
    連結:
  75. Grosz, E. & Probyn, E.
    連結:
  76. 1995 “Sexy bodies: The strange carnalities of feminism”. New York: Routledge.
    連結:
  77. Hyman
    連結:
  78. Hammersley, M. and Atkinson, P.
    連結:
  79. Hannerz, U.
    連結:
  80. 1996 Transnational connections : culture, people, places. London and New York :
    連結:
  81. Routledge
    連結:
  82. Haraway, D.
    連結:
  83. Harding, Sandra.
    連結:
  84. 1991 “What is Feminist Epistemology?” Pp. 105-137 in her Whose Science? Whose Knowledge? Thinking From Women's lives Ihaca: Cornell University Press.
    連結:
  85. Harris, A.
    連結:
  86. 2004 Future Girl: Young Women in the Twenty-first Century. New York: Routledge.
    連結:
  87. 2005 Young Femininity: Girlhood, Power and Social Change, London: Palgrave Macmillan.
    連結:
  88. Department of Sociology, University of Oxford.
    連結:
  89. Holmlund, C.
    連結:
  90. 2002 "The aging Clint", in Impossible bodies: Femininity and masculinity at the movies. London: Routledge.
    連結:
  91. Honig, K.
    連結:
  92. 1999 ‘Responses to Okin’ in Okin et al. Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women, Princeton: Princeton University Press
    連結:
  93. Hochschild, A
    連結:
  94. 2001 ‘Introduction’ in Global Woman: nannies, maids, and sex workers in the new economy. London: Routledge.
    連結:
  95. Iriye, Akira
    連結:
  96. 1967 “Across the Pacific; an inner history of American-East Asian relations”, New
    連結:
  97. Kawash, Samira
    連結:
  98.  1997 “Dislocating the Color Line: Identity, Hybridity, and Singularity in African-American Narrative”.Stanford: Stanford University Press
    連結:
  99. Kibria, N
    連結:
  100. 2002 “ Becoming Asian American”. The John Hopkins University Press.
    連結:
  101. 1994 Preface. In Gooding-Williams, R. (Ed.) Reading Rodney King/ Reading
    連結:
  102. Kempadoo, K.
    連結:
  103. 2004 Sexing the Caribbean: Gender, Race and Sexual Labour. New York: Routledge.
    連結:
  104. 1969”Mirror, Mirror on The Wall…Japanese Beauties through The Ages”. East,
    連結:
  105. 5(4), 18-27
    連結:
  106. Leslie, D. A.
    連結:
  107. 1995 “The Globalization of Advertising Agencies and Campaigns”. Ecocomic Geography, 71, 402-426
    連結:
  108. Lowe, Lisa
    連結:
  109.  1997”Immigrant Acts: On Asian American Cultural Politics.” Duram: Duke     
    連結:
  110.  University Press
    連結:
  111. Maynard, M.
    連結:
  112. Advertising”. In M. Prosser & K.S. Sitaram
    連結:
  113. Macdonal, M.
    連結:
  114. 1995 Representing Women: myths of femininity in the popular media, London: Arnold.
    連結:
  115. Marks, D.
    連結:
  116. 1999 “Dimensions of Oppression: Theorising the Embodied Subject.” Disability and Society. Vol 14 (5), 611-626.
    連結:
  117. 1992 Foucault and Feminism Cambridge: Polity.
    連結:
  118. McRobbie, A.
    連結:
  119. 2004 "Post-Feminism and popular culture". Feminist Media Studies vol.4 no.3 pp.255-264.
    連結:
  120. 2006 'Compulsory able-bodiedness and queer/disabled existence' in Crip Theory: cultural signs of queerness and disability. New York University press.
    連結:
  121. Mitchell, T.
    連結:
  122. Mohanty, C. T.
    連結:
  123. 2003 ‘Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses’, Feminism Without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicing Solidarity. Durham: Duke University Press: 17-42.
    連結:
  124. 1997 Postcolonial theory : contexts, practices, politics / Bart Moore-Gilbert. Lonon:
    連結:
  125. Morgan, K.
    連結:
  126. 1991 Women and the knife: Cosmetic surgery and the colonization of women’s
    連結:
  127. bodies. Hypatia, 6, 25-53.
    連結:
  128. Mosse, G. L.
    連結:
  129. 1985 Nationalism and sexuality: respectability and abnormal sexuality in modern Europe, New York: H. Fertig.
    連結:
  130. O’Neil, E.
    連結:
  131. University Press.
    連結:
  132. 1999 ‘Is Multiculturalism Bad For Women?’ in Okin et al, Is Multiculturalism Bad
    連結:
  133. For Women? Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    連結:
  134. Parameswaran, R.
    連結:
  135. 2003 “Global queens, national celebrities: Tale of feminine triumph in
    連結:
  136. Journalism and Lass Communication, Kansas City, MO.
    連結:
  137. Said, E W
    連結:
  138. Proctor, R.
    連結:
  139. Robertson, R.
    連結:
  140. 1992 Globalization: Social Theory and Global Culture. London: Sage .
    連結:
  141. 1978 Orientalism, Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    連結:
  142. Schilder, Paul
    連結:
  143. 1950 “The image and appearance of the human body: Studies in the.
    連結:
  144. Shilling, C
    連結:
  145.  1993 The Body and Social Theory London: Sage
    連結:
  146. Spivak, G.  
    連結:
  147. Todorov, T.
    連結:
  148. 1993 On Human Diversity: Nationalism, Racism, and Exoticism in French Thought. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
    連結:
  149. 1999 Globalization and Culture, Chicago, The University of Chicago Press.
    連結:
  150. 2001 ‘Feminism Versus Multiculturalism’ Columbia Law Review Vol. 101, No. 5, pp. 1181-1218
    連結:
  151. Wagatsuma, H.
    連結:
  152. Watson, J.
    連結:
  153. (ed) Between Two Cultures: Migrants and Minorities in Britain. Oxford: Blackwell.
    連結:
  154. Feminist Nationalism, New York : Routledge.
    連結:
  155.  2002 ‘Identity Conflict and Political Trust: the core of identity politics in Taiwan’,
    連結:
  156. Taiwanese Sociology, 4: 75-118.
    連結:
  157. Williamson, Judith.
    連結:
  158.  1986 “Woman Is an Island: Femininity and Colonization,” Tania Modleski, ed.,
    連結:
  159.  Studies in Entertainment: Critical Approaches to Mass Culture (pp.99-118). 
    連結:
  160.  Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1986
    連結:
  161. 1997 Gender and Nation. London: Sage.
    連結:
  162. Winship, J.
    連結:
  163.  2000 ‘Women Outdoors-Advertising, Controversy, and disputing feminism in the 1990s’ International Journal of Cultural Studies 3:1, pp. 27-55
    連結:
  164. Zhou and Gatewood
    連結:
  165. 2003 <「全球化」的方法論與反方法論>,《政治與社會哲學評論》,2003.09:
    連結:
  166. 參考文獻
  167. (一)英文部分
  168. Ahmed, S.
  169. Ali, S.
  170.  Knowles (eds.) Making Race Matter: Bodies, Space and identity. London: Palgrave
  171. Nationalism, London: Verso and NLB.
  172. Appardurai, A.
  173. 1996 “Technologies of the gendered body”. Durham, Duke University Press.
  174. 1995 “Body, self and society”. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
  175. of science and society”. In A. Jagger & S. Bordo (Eds.), Gender/body/ Knowledge
  176. (pp. 224-255)
  177. Bhabba, H.
  178. 1990 Nation and Narration. New York : Routledge
  179. ────
  180.  1996 ‘Culture’s In-between’ in S. Hall and P. d. Gay (eds.) Questions of Cultural Identity. London: Sage.
  181.  1979 Distinction: a social critiques of the judgment of taste, London: Routledge &Kegan Paul.
  182. ────
  183. 2001 “Masculine domination”, Cambridge: Polity
  184. ────
  185. 1986 “Beauty Secrets: Women and the Politics of Appearance”. Boston, MA: South End Press.
  186. 1995 “Sexual Imperialism: Gender, Race, and Sexuality in the British (post)Colonial Text”.
  187. ────
  188. 1999 “Ad)dressing China: Postcolonial Fashion Studies”.
  189. ────
  190. 1995 Masculinities, Berkeley: CA.: UCLA Press.
  191.   1995 “Imaging The Other in Japanese Advertising Campaigns”. In J. G. Carrier (Ed.), Accidentalism: Images of The West (pp. 135-160). New York: Oxford University Press
  192. Darling-Wolf, F.
  193. ────
  194. 2001 “Gender, Beauty, and Western Influences: Negotiated Femininity in Japanese Women’s Magazines”. In E. Toth & L. Aldoory (Eds.), The Gender Challenge to Media: Diverse Voices from the Field (pp. 267-315). Cresskill, NJ:Hampton
  195. ────
  196. 1999 Talking and Listening from Women’s Standpoint. Social Problems
  197. 37(1):00-166
  198. Doy, D.
  199. 2002 Girls: Feminine Adolescence in Popular Culture and Cultural Theory, New York: Columbia University Press.
  200.   (eds) Reimaging the Nation, Buckingham: Open University Press, 159-75.
  201. ────
  202. Human Capital.’ Journal of Labour Economics 18: 221-251
  203. modernity. London: University of Minnesota Press.
  204. ────
  205. 1991 Modernity and Self-Identity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  206. Gill, R.
  207. 2006 Gender and the Media. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  208. Gileman, A.
  209.  1999 ‘Responses to Okin’ in Okin et al. Is Multiculturalism bad for  
  210. 1999 Making the body beautiful: A cultural history of cosmetic surgery. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  211. 1993 The Black Atlantic, London: Verso.
  212. ────
  213. ────
  214. Hall, S.
  215. 1980 Culture, media, language : working papers in cultural studies London : Unwin
  216. 1983 Ethnography: Principles in Practice, Tavistock Publications.
  217. 1995 “Universal Donors In A Vampire Culture: It’s All In The Family: Biological Kinship Categories in the Twentieth Century United States” from W. Cronon (ed.) Uncommon Ground. Norton, 1995, pp.321-366.
  218. Harris, A., Aapola, and S., M. Gonick
  219. Heath, A. F. and McMahon, D.
  220. 2000 ‘Ethnic Differences in the Labout Market: The Role of Education and Social Class Origins’, Working Paper Number 2000-01,
  221. York: Harcourt, Brace & World
  222. Kim, E.
  223. Urban Uprising. New York: Routledge
  224. Kon, H.
  225. Lee, Ming-Tsung 
  226.  2004 Absorbing Japan: Transnational Media, Cross-cultural Consumption, and  
  227.  Identity Practice in Contemporary Taiwan, Ph. D. Thesis, University of Cambridge.
  228. Lorde, A.
  229. 1984/1994 ‘Uses of the erotic: the erotic as power’ in Sister Outsider: essays and speeches. CA: the Crossing Press.
  230. 1999 “The Power of Foreign Images: Intercultural Signs in Japanese Television
  231. McNay, L
  232. 1991 Feminism and Youth Culture, London: Mcmillan.
  233. ────
  234. McRuer,R.
  235. 1998 ‘Orientalism and the exhibitionary order, in Mirzoeff N. (ed.) The Visual Culture Reader, London and New York: R outledge.
  236. Moore-Gilbert, Bart
  237. Verso
  238. Ng, K. C.
  239. 1968 The Chinese in London. London: Oxford University Press.
  240. 1989 “Representation of Eros: Eploring female sexual agency”. In A. Jaggear& S.
  241. Bordo(Eds.), Gender/ Body/ Knowledge (pp.68-91). New Brunswick: Rutgers
  242. Okin, SM
  243. post-liberalization India”. Paper presented at the Association for Education in
  244. 1988 Racial Hygiene. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  245. Said, E. A.
  246. Constructive Energies of the Psyche.” New York: International Universities Press
  247. 1988 “Can the Subaltern Speak?” in C. Nelson and L. Grossberg, Eds Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture Macmillan. reprinted in Patrick Williams and Laura Chrisman, eds (1994) Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory. New York: Columbia University Press: 66-111.
  248. Tolinson, J.
  249. Volpp, L
  250. 1974 “The Social Perception of Skin Color in Japan”. In I. Scheiner (Ed.), Modern
  251. Japan: An Interpretive Anthropology (pp. 7-29). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  252. 1977 ‘The Chinese Hong Kong Villagers in the British Catering Trade’. In Watson J.
  253. West, L. A.
  254.  1997 ‘Introduction: Feminism constructs Nationalism’, in Lois A. West (ed),
  255. ──── 
  256. Yuval-Davis, N.
  257. 2001 ‘Rape, Racism and the Myth of the Black Racist’, K-KBhavnani, ed., Feminism
  258. and Race. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
  259. ──────
  260. 2000 “Contemporary Asian America: A Multidisciplinary Reader”. New York: New York University Press
  261. (二)中文部份
  262. 石之瑜
  263.  141-194。
  264. 沈怡
  265. 1994,〈從40萬婦女在節育到36.6%的剖腹生產率─台灣的女性雜誌發展
  266. 〉,《精湛》,21:7-10。
  267. 林卉羚
  268. 2003 <女性流動經驗下身體與空間關係的轉化 : 以台灣女留學 生在北美公共空間中身體經驗之轉變為例>,台灣大學建築與城鄉所碩士論文。
  269. 張錦華
  270. 2002 <女為悅己者瘦? 媒介效果與主體研究>,台北市:正中出版。
  271. 陳光興.
  272.  2001<為什麼大和解不�可能?>,《台灣社會研究季刊》,43 : 41-110。
  273. 鄭秀娟
  274.  2002 <台灣人的東京觀光>,《文化研究月報》,14。
  275. 羅如芳
  276. 2005<國際中文版女性雜誌之市場行銷策略分析>,師大大傳所碩士
  277. 論文。
  278. 賴永忠
  279. 1993<台灣地區雜誌發展之研究─從日據時期到民國八十一年>,政
  280. 大新聞研究所論文。
  281. 遲?琠?
  282. 2000<從殖民城市到「哈日之城」:台北西門町的消費地景>,台灣大學建築與城鄉研究所碩士論文。
  283. 行政院新聞局
  284.  2005
  285. 〈中華民國重要統計數據一覽表>,台北市:行政院新聞局。
Times Cited
  1. 唐筱恬(2010)。歐美派、日系風:台灣女性時尚雜誌的產製。臺灣師範大學大眾傳播研究所學位論文。2010。1-101。
  2. 劉仰芳(2012)。日系混血美:台灣本土時尚圈的生產邏輯。臺灣師範大學大眾傳播研究所學位論文。2012。1-116。