Title

錯誤可能性與預期衝突對於錯誤偵測系統之影響-以回饋負波為例

Translated Titles

Error likelihood and conflict in error monitoring system: a study of feedback negativity

Authors

張瀠方

Key Words

回饋相關負波 ; 增強學習理論 ; 錯誤可能性理論 ; 錯誤偵測系統 ; 風險 ; 懊悔 ; Feedback Negativity ; Reinforcement Learning Theory ; Error-likelihood Theory ; Error Monitoring System ; Risk ; Regret

PublicationName

政治大學心理學研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2011年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

顏乃欣

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

現今解釋錯誤偵測系統及前扣帶皮質(ACC)的關係之理論主要為增強學習理論。增強學習理論認為個體會在行為後對於行為結果產生預期,並將該預期與實際結果進行比較,若實際結果較預期結果差則會活化ACC進而觀察到較大的FN(Feedback Negativity)振幅。近年來有學者提出奠基於增強學習理論的錯誤可能性理論,錯誤可能性理論則認為當個體在學習到行為與結果之間的關聯後,當接收到可能犯錯的訊息時便會活化ACC而引起較大的FN。本研究主要的目的為探討增強學習理論及錯誤可能性理論的適用性,其次為探討風險之因素是否能反映於FN上。由於兩理論對於風險情境中是否會觀察到FN有不同的預測,錯誤可能性理論預測會在高風險的情況下觀察到較大的FN;而增強學習理論則預測由於風險畫面並非回饋畫面,故風險不會影響FN。實驗一藉由探討風險與FN間之關係企圖提供兩理論初步之區分並提供風險研究的實驗證據,實驗一結果顯示FN確實會反映風險之因素。也點出增強學習理論用以解釋錯誤偵測系統之不完備之處。而實驗二則利用操弄回饋結果好壞及高低錯誤可能性以檢驗錯誤可能性對於錯誤偵測系統之必要性,實驗二結果顯示錯誤可能性為事件評估之因素之一。除此之外,實驗二亦提供FN反映懊悔之支持性證據。

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 醫藥總論
理學院 > 心理學研究所
社會科學 > 心理學
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