Title

校長分布式領導對組織健康影響之研究

Translated Titles

A study of the impact of distributed leadership on school organizational health

Authors

陳麗捐

Key Words

分布式領導 ; 組織健康 ; Distributed leadership ; school organizational health

PublicationName

政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2011年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

吳政達

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

摘要 本研究旨在探討桃園縣國民中小學校長實施分布式領導及學校組織健康之現況,分析在不同個人背景變項及學校環境背景變項中,教師對校長實施分布式領導的知覺差異情形,並探討實施分布式領導對學校組織健康之影響。 為達上述目的,本研究採用問卷調查法,以桃園縣245所國中小學教師為母群體,採分層隨機抽樣,共計抽取52所國中小,寄發問卷656份,回收比例86%。扣除填答不全的無效問卷後,可用問卷501份,可用率為88%。本研究使用SPSS 17.0 for windows 統計套裝軟體進行統計分析,獲致以下結論: 一、 桃園縣國民中小學教師知覺校長分布式領導及學校組織健康情形為中高程度。 二、 教師知覺分布式領導以「學校文化」感受程度最高,其次為「分享責任」。教師知覺組織健康則以「倡導與關懷」、「教師凝聚力」的感受程度最高。 三、 男性教師知覺校長分布式領導與學校組織健康之程度均高於女性教師。 四、 資深教師在知覺校長分布式領導與學校組織健康之程度均高於年輕或年資少之教師。 五、 兼任行政職務之教師知覺校長分布式領導與學校組織健康之程度均高於導師或專任教師。 六、 不同教育程度之教師在知覺校長分布式領導與學校組織健康之程度無顯著差異。 七、 學校規模為小型(24班以下)之教師,在知覺校長分布式領導與學校組織健康之程度均高於中、大型學校教師。 八、 小學教師在知覺校長分布式領導與學校組織健康之程度均高於國中教師。 九、 校長分布式領導對學校組織健康具有正向且顯著之影響。 最後依據上述結論,提出具體建議,以作為教育行政機關、學校機關首長及學術研究等相關單位參考。 關鍵詞:分布式領導、組織健康

English Abstract

This research explores the current state of distributed leadership and school organizational health in elementary and junior high schools across Taoyuan County, analyzing how factors including various personal backgrounds and school environments affect the results of this research. In addition, the degree of awareness displayed by teachers concerning distributed leadership as well as the effect of distributed leadership on school organizational health is explored. In order to achieve the above, this research utilizes survey methodology with the teachers of the 245 elementary and junior high schools in Taoyuan County as the entire population under study. With random, stratified sampling, 656 questionnaires were sent to teachers across 52 schools with an 86% reply rate. Out of the returned questionnaires, 88% were valid, a total of 501 questionnaires. The results were tabulated and analyzed using the SPSS 17.0 for Windows program and the following conclusions were obtained: 1. The level of awareness of the teachers of Taoyuan County’s elementary and junior high schools of distributed leadership and school organizational health is moderately high. 2. Teachers are most aware of the “school culture” and secondly the “shared responsibility” aspects of distributed leadership. Teachers are most aware of the “initiating structure and consideration” and secondly the “teacher affiliation” aspects of school organizational health. 3. Overall, male teachers possess a higher level of awareness of distributed leadership and school organizational health than do female teachers. 4. Senior, more experienced teachers are more aware of distributed leadership and school organizational health than are junior, less experienced teachers. 5. Teachers who also perform administrative duties demonstrate a higher degree of awareness of distributed leadership and school organizational health than do counselors or teachers who do not perform administrative duties. 6. Teachers with varying levels of education do not display significant difference regarding awareness of distributed leadership and school organizational health. 7. Teachers of smaller schools (with less than 24 classes) are generally more aware of distributed leadership and school organizational health than are teachers are larger schools. 8. Elementary school teachers possess a higher level of awareness of distributed leadership and school organizational health than do junior high school teachers. 9. Distributed leadership has a positive correlation and significant effect on school organizational health. Based on the conclusions listed above, I have made practical suggestions that educational administrative institutions, school institutions and research institutions could use as reference. Terms: Distributed leadership, school organizational health

Topic Category 教育學院 > 學校行政碩士在職專班
社會科學 > 教育學
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Times Cited
  1. 陳俞余(2013)。行政的追隨者,還是教師的領頭羊—學年主任工作經驗之建制民族誌研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2013。1-246。
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