Title

苦丁茶與空心蓮子草不同萃取物對初代免疫細 胞與自然殺手細胞免疫調節能力之影響及其與 前列腺癌細胞和乳腺癌細胞間交互作用

Translated Titles

Immunomodulatory effects of Ilex kudingcha and Alternanthera philoxeroides extracts in primary immune cells, natural killer cells and their interactions with PC-3 prostate cancer cells and MCF-7 breast cancer cells

DOI

10.6845/NCHU.2014.00040

Authors

林姿廷

Key Words

空心蓮子草 ; 細胞凋亡 ; 細胞激素 ; Fas 基因 ; FasL 基因 ; 人類乳腺癌細胞 MCF-7 ; 人類前列腺癌細胞 PC-3 ; 苦丁茶 ; 發炎反應 ; Th1/Th2 免疫平衡 ; 自然殺手細胞 NK92-MI ; 促凋亡(Bax)/抗凋亡(Bcl2)基因 ; Alternanthera philoxeroides ; apoptosis ; cytokines ; Fas gene ; FasL gene ; human breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7cells ; human prostate adenocarcinoma PC-3 cells ; Ilex kudingcha ; inflammation ; Th1/Th2 immune balance ; Natural killer NK92-MI cells ; pro- (Bax)/anti-a

PublicationName

中興大學食品暨應用生物科技學系所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2014年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

林金源

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

苦丁茶(Ilex kudingcha)又稱一葉茶,屬於傳統的飲品,文獻指出其具有降血糖及護肝之功能;空心蓮子草(Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb)又稱革命草,原產於南美洲,具有清熱抗菌之效果,但是苦丁茶及空心蓮子草之免疫調節功能仍不清楚,因此本研究利用三種不同溶劑氯仿、甲醇及水分別萃取其成分,先利用小鼠脾臟細胞進行 Th1/Th2 免疫調節影響評估;篩選出兩種具有免疫調節潛力之萃取物後,再探討其對發炎及過敏反應之影響;並進一步利用自然殺手細胞之癌症免疫療法探討其對前列腺癌 PC-3 與乳腺癌 MCF-7 細胞株細胞凋亡之影響。 結果顯示六種萃取物中,苦丁茶氯仿萃取物(IKCE)使小鼠脾臟細胞免疫反應傾向 Th2 免疫平衡,而苦丁茶甲醇萃取物(IKME)則傾向促進 Th1 免疫平衡;因此以此兩種最具免疫調節潛力之萃取物探討其對小鼠腹腔巨噬細胞發炎之影響,結果發現單獨添加 IKCE 及 IKME 可輕微刺激巨噬細胞活性,推測可能具有提升先天性免疫之潛力。以脂多醣(LPS)刺激模擬發炎模式下,顯示 IKCE 及IKME 皆具有抗發炎潛力;在預防發炎模式下,IKCE 及 IKME 可顯著降低促發炎/抗發炎細胞激素之分泌比值,顯示兩者皆具有預防發炎之效果。另外,在抗過敏潛力評估方面,IKCE 及 IKME 皆具有顯著抑制小鼠肺臟肥大細胞去顆粒化之作用。 IKCE 及 IKME 已發現具有活化先天性免疫細胞之作用,因此進一步探討其在單獨添加或其與自然殺手細胞(NK92-MI)共同培養之條件培養液對前列腺癌細胞(PC-3)及乳腺癌細胞(MCF-7)之影響。結果發現 IKME 可抑制前列腺癌細胞生長;IKME 及其與自然殺手細胞 NK92-MI 共同培養之條件培養液皆可增加前列腺癌細胞促凋亡(Bax)及抗凋亡(Bcl2)基因表現之比值。另外,IKME 及其與自然殺手細胞 NK92-MI 共同培養之條件培養液,可促進前列腺癌細胞 Fas 基因之表現。 綜合本實驗結果顯示,IKME 可藉由單獨添加或透過調節自然殺手細胞免疫療法之作用方式,增加促凋亡 Bax 基因及 Fas 基因之表現,使前列腺癌細胞傾向促凋亡。

English Abstract

Ilex kudingcha, also known as a leaf tea, is a traditional beverage found to have hypoglycemic and hepato-protective functions. Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb, also called alligator weed, originated in South America that exhibits heat-purging and antibacterial effects. However, immunomodulatory effects of Ilex kudingcha and Alternanthera philoxeroides remain unclear. To clarify the puzzle, Ilex kudingcha and Alternanthera philoxeroides were extracted using three different solvents, including chloroform, methanol and water, respectively. The extracts were first subjected to Th1/Th2 immunomodulatory study using mouse primary splenocytes in vitro. Two potential extracts were isolated to explore their anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects using mouse primary peritoneal macrophages and lung mast cells, respectively. Finally, potent extracts were further selected to treat human prostate adenocarcinoma PC-3 cells and breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cells using direct addition or natural killer cells’ immunotherapy. The results showed that Ilex kudingcha chloroform extract (IKCE) had potential to regulate Th1/Th2 immune responses toward Th2 immune balance and Ilex kudingcha methanol extract (IKME) toward Th1 immune balance among six different extracts. Therefore, IKCE and IKME were screened to explore their anti-inflammatory effects using mouse peritoneal macrophages. IKCE and IKME treatments alone showed a mild stimulatory activity to macrophages, suggesting that both extracts might have potential to enhance innate immunity. IKCE and IKME treatments in the presence of lipopolysaccharides(LPS) were found to have anti-inflammatory potential. Furthermore, both IKCE and IKME had prophylactic effects against LPS-induced inflammation through inhibiting pro-/anti-inflammatory cytokine secretion ratios by peritoneal macrophages in a specified preventive experiment. In addition, IKCE and IKME inhibited the degranulation of mouse lung mast cells, suggesting that both extracts might have anti-allergic potential. IKCE and IKME were suggested to have potential to enhance innate immunity; therefore IKCE and IKME were further selected to treat PC-3 and MCF-7 cells using direct addition or the conditioned medium of natural killer cells (NK92-MI) cultured with there potent extracts.The results showed that IKME inhibited the proliferation of human prostate adenocarcinoma PC-3 cells. Consequently, IKME and its conditioned medium of NK92-MI cells were further selected to treat PC-3 cells. Changes of mRNA expression levels of pro- (Bax)/anti-apoptotic(Bcl-2) genes in PC-3 cells were assayed using RT-qPCR. Results showed that expression ratios of Bax/Bcl-2 mRNA levels in PC-3 cells were significantly increased by IKME and its conditioned medium of NK92-MI cells. In addition, Fas gene expression levels in PC-3 cells were also increased by IKME and its conditioned medium of NK92-MI cells. In conclusion, results from this study evidenced that IKME treatments might induce apoptosis in PC-3 cells through increasing pro-apoptotic Bax and Fas genes expression via direct action or natural killer cells’ immunotherapy to achieve its anticancer effects.

Topic Category 農業暨自然資源學院 > 食品暨應用生物科技學系所
生物農學 > 生物科學
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Times Cited
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