A Study on the Vocational Trainer System Change Impact of he Affiliated Centers of Bureau of Employment and vcational Training
職業訓練 ； 職業訓練師 ； 聘用人員 ； vocational training ； trainer ； contracted staff
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在工作全球化、知識網路化的時代，正是符合「職業訓練」的特性，在短期間能提供民眾所需的技能訓練，使其在短時間內儘快重回職場，這也凸顯出職業訓練在網路時代的重要性，而職業訓練之績效良好與否，職業訓練師實扮演著關鍵性角色。 本研究旨在探究職業訓練局所屬職業訓練師以聘用人員遞補後，其改變的內容及影響。透過文件分析與深度訪談12位專家，探討職業訓練師制度四個面向：（1）養成與進修；（2）甄審與遴聘；（3）工作與職務；（4）福利與待遇，所得的結果。經資料分析及歸納，獲致結論如下： 一、制度變革的內容 在制度變革內容方面，停辦職業訓練師養成訓練，辦理一般與教育專業科目之在職進修訓練。在遞補方面，桃園職業訓練中心以正式公務員遞補職業訓練師職缺，其他五所職業訓練中心以聘用人員遞補。而聘用人員不得兼任主管職務，使單位在人事安排缺乏彈性、管理上缺少運作空間且其升遷職等太低，福利待遇也大幅減少。 二、制度變革的影響 在制度變革影響方面，職業訓練中心自辦訓練停滯；委外訓練容量持續擴大。而職業訓練師已呈現老化，面對多元化職業訓練及工作職務改變而加速離退。聘用人員擔任運籌工作之企劃能力稍嫌不足，影響委外業務之執行；其進修訓練課程係針對訓練教學設計，對於運籌工作在知能的提升上，幫助不大；另一方面，擔任訓練教學工作，實際授課時數每月80小時以上，且因聘用條件不佳，生涯保障不足，致使在招聘訓練教學方面，難以網羅高階的專業人才。
In the time of globalizational impact and knowledge being networked, vocational training offers people the necessary skills and knowledge by way of short term courses. Today, how to provide effective vocational training within a short period of time becomes one of the most important issues in this network era. However, the trainers play the key roles which can affect the training performance for the trainees and training centers. This research analyzes the context and influences concerning the performance of contracted vocational training staff. After reviewing literature and interviewing 12 experts, There are four aspects for studying, such as: (1) basic and on the job training, (2) selection and employment, (3) job and duty, and (4) benefits and salary. To sum up these data analysis, the conclusions are as follows: (1) The contents of system change First, professional courses for the trainers have been replaced by general subjects. Second, the contracted staff was adopted for the replacement of the retired trainers. Taking Taoyuan training center as example is currently filled with administrative staffs who are the contracted persons; and the other five centers are also employing the contracted staffs, the contracted staff has had the difficulties to hold their concurrent post. This will result in lower elasticity on arranging personnel matters and decreasing welfare. (2) The influences of system change. It causes training programs conducted by training centers stagnated, and made outsourcing training continuously expanding. Most of contracted staffs don’t have enough abilities on planning and managing. Otherwise, contracted staffs’ further education only focuses on how to increase teaching technique not for improving the competence of planning and management. It doesn’t really good help on controlling outsourced training programs. On the other side, contracted staffs also have to respond in vocational training. The total training times are above 80 hours per month but the payments are too low to attract senior experts on vocational training.
社會科學 > 教育學