Title

甲丙醇燃料的共沸效應對FT柴油引擎影響之研究

Translated Titles

The Study of The Effect Azeotropic effect of Methanol-Porpanol Fuel on FT Diesel Engines

Authors

陳毅桓

Key Words

FT合成柴油 ; 甲醇燃料 ; 異丙醇燃料 ; 共沸效應 ; 引擎性能和廢氣 ; FT Diesel ; Methanol Fuel ; Isopropanol Fuel ; Azeotropic Effect ; Engine Performance and Emissions

PublicationName

臺北科技大學車輛工程系所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2014年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

林百福

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

現今高度開發便捷的生活環境,石化能源的需求持續增加,對環境污染的影響更加嚴重。而廣泛使用於大眾交通運輸工具的柴油引擎,其排放廢氣中的黑煙、氮氧化物、碳氫化合物和懸浮粒狀汙染物等有毒物質造成空氣汙染,嚴重影響人類健康。本研究使用較為潔淨的石化能源FT(Fischer–Tropsch process)合成柴油,並且添加含氧量高的醇類燃料做為柴油引擎替代性燃料。其中醇類燃料選用燃料特性對稱的甲醇及異丙醇混合添加於FT合成柴油中進行實驗,並且探討蒸餾溫度較低的親水性甲醇及蒸餾溫度較高的親油性異丙醇混合使用對柴油引擎的性能影響。由實驗結果證明,沸點相差甚大的甲醇及異丙醇發揮共沸效應對燃燒過程造成影響,產生了些微互補的效果。FT合成柴油添加甲醇與異丙醇的混合燃料有效的改善柴油引擎有害廢氣排放問題,尤其是引擎廢氣中smoke及HC的含量均有減少之效果。

English Abstract

With the highly developed and convenient living environment nowadays, fossil energy demand is continuously increased, however, the impact of environmental pollution becomes more serious. The diesel engines are widely used in public transport vehicles. Its emissions of smoke, NOx, HC and PM cause air pollution, and affect human health seriously. In this study, we used relatively clean fossil energy-- Fischer-Tropsch diesel fuels add high oxygen alcohol to alternative standard diesel fuels. We mixed methanol and isopropyl alcohol with the Fischer-Tropsch diesel fuels, because of the character of the two alcohols is symmetrical. From the experiment discussion, the performance of FT diesel engines with methanol-porpanol blended fuels experiment results methanol and isopropanol azeotrope effect an impact on the combustion process while have these alcohols generating complementary effects. The method of adding methanol and isopropanol in Fischer-Tropsch diesel fuels helps to improve the problem of diesel engine exhaust emissions. In particular, it effectively reduces the engine exhaust smoke and HC concentration.

Topic Category 機電學院 > 車輛工程系所
工程學 > 交通運輸工程
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