Title

感潮河段水位構成要素分析

Translated Titles

The Components of Water Stage in a Tidal Stream

DOI

10.6841/NTUT.2011.00284

Authors

林明億

Key Words

感潮河段 ; EMD ; 水位 ; 構成要素 ; Tidal Stream ; Emprirical Mode Decomposition ; Water Stage ; Component

PublicationName

臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2011年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

陳彥璋

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

感潮河段為連接河川及海洋兩大水體的重大指標。感潮河段具有海洋潮汐、潮波、波浪與河川水文狀況互動之現象及特質。在感潮河段之研究重要性日益增高,加上近年來災害頻傳,管理與維護工作逐漸受到重視,在此之前若能了解感潮河段的各種影響因素,才能對感潮河段進行正確的管理與維護工作。 本研究目的為使用目前最新時頻分析方法-Emprirical Mode Decomposition (EMD),做為主要時頻分析之工具,將淡水河流域感潮河段之水位進行分析,將水位訊號所分解出來的本質分量函數(Intrinsic Mode Functions,IMF)再做進一步的分析與探討,以解釋影響感潮河段水位的構成的因素及其物理意義,希望可提供未來在設計水位、防災與氣候變遷等研究應用。

English Abstract

Tidal Stream is the major indicator that connected with the River and Ocean. Tidal Stream has the phenomenon of interaction and characteristics of the ocean tides, tidal waves, waves and river hydrology. While the research of the Tidal Stream is becoming important, coupled with numerous reports of disasters in recent years, the work of management and maintenance has become more and more important. We can do the appropriate work of management and maintenance before understanding the various factors. The objective of this research was used the latest time-frequency analysis method - Emprirical Mode Decomposition(EMD) as the main tool for time-frequency analysis. First of all, using its unique decomposition method to analysis the water level of Tidal Stream in the Dan-shui River. The second is use this Intrinsic Mode Functions (IMF) decompose by the signal of water level to explain the factors and physical meaning composed by the Tidal Stream. In this research ,it can provide designing the water level and the research of climate change, even can be used as the important reference indicator in the application of disaster prevention.

Topic Category 工程學院 > 土木與防災研究所
工程學 > 土木與建築工程
工程學 > 市政與環境工程
Reference
  1. [1] 陳振雄,「應用希爾伯特-黃轉換之訊號濾波研究」,科學與工程期刊,第6卷,第1期,2010。
    連結:
  2. [2] 蔡宗旻、顏沛華、江孟樵、謝易霖,「自組性演算法結合距離~水位模式應用於暴雨時期未設站河段即時水位之預測」,中國土木水利工程學刊,第22卷,第4期,2010。
    連結:
  3. [3] 吳順德、陳思予、陳虹伯,「經驗模態分解法之研究趨勢探討」,臺北科技大學學報,第42-1期,2009。
    連結:
  4. [4] 林玉峰,「花蓮港長週期波動之觀測研究」,海洋工程學刊,第7卷,第1期,2007。
    連結:
  5. [6] 柳文成、許銘熙、李振豪、郭義雄,「淡水河上游流量對潮汐傳播之影響」,農業工程學報,第51卷,第1期,2005。
    連結:
  6. [8] 顏沛華、李友平、李梅芳、楊永祺,「自組非線性系統應用於水位相關分析之研究」,八十五年度農業工程研討會,彰化,1996。
    連結:
  7. [10] 江筱雯,「以HHT定義河口範圍」,碩士論文,國立台北科技大學土木與防災研究所,台北,2010。
    連結:
  8. [11] 張毓堯,「聖嬰現象對台灣沿海水位波動的影響」,碩士論文,國立台灣大學海洋研究所,台北,2007。
    連結:
  9. [12] 林煒傑,「感潮河段之潮位及河床特性_以淡水河下游為例」,碩士論文,國立中央大學土木工程研究所,桃園,2007。
    連結:
  10. [14] 黃宗群,「台灣海峽淺水分潮特性研究」,碩士論文,國立成功大學水利及海洋工程研究所,台南,2003。
    連結:
  11. [19] G.M.E Perillo, Geomorphology and Sedimentology of Estuaries Developments in Sedimentology53, , Elsevier , 1995,471.
    連結:
  12. [20] Dickinson.Robert E.,ROSSBY WAVES-LONG-PERIOD OSCILLATIONS OF OCEANS AND ATMOSPHERES,Annu Rev Fluid Mech,Volume 114,Issue 8, 1 January 1978,Pages 159-195.
    連結:
  13. [21] Merzlyakov, E,Pancheva, D,Mitchell, N.;Forbes, J.M.,Portnyagin, Yu.I.,Palo, S.,Makarov, N.;Muller, H.G.,High- and mid-latitude quasi-2-day waves observed simultaneously by four meteor radars during summer 2000,Annales Geophysicae,Volume 22;Issue 3,Pages 773-788,2004.
    連結:
  14. [22] Haldoupis,,C.Pancheva, D.;Mitchell, N.J.,A study of tidal and planetary wave periodicities present in midlatitude sporadic E layers,Journal of Geophysical Research A: Space Physics;Volume 109, Issue A2, Article number A02302,February 2004.
    連結:
  15. [24] Zhou, Q.H.;An analysis of tidal and planetary waves in the neutral winds and temperature observed at low-latitude e region heights;Journal of Geophysical Research A: Space Physics;Volume 102, Issue A6, Article number 97JA00440, Pages 11491-11505, 1997.
    連結:
  16. [25] Wen-Cheng Liu,Ming-His Hsu,Chi-Ray Wu,Chi-Fang Wang, "Modeling Salt Water Intrusion in Tanshui River Estuarine System Case-Study Contrasting Now and Then,2004.
    連結:
  17. [27] Chang, F.-J.,Chen, Y.-C.,Estuary water-stage forecasting by using radial basis function neural network,Journal of Hydrology 270 (1-2),Pages 158-166,2009。
    連結:
  18. [28] Supharatid, S.(2003),Tidal-level forecasting and filtering by neural network model,Coastal Engineering Journal 45 (1);Pages 119-137;2003.
    連結:
  19. [29] Si-Min,Q.Wei-min, B.Peng, S.;Zhongbo, Y., Peng, J.,「Water-stage forecasting in a multitributary tidal river using a bidirectional muskingum method”, Journal of Hydrologic Engineering 14 (12), Pages 1299-1308,2009.
    連結:
  20. [30] A.Ramachandra Rao,En-Ching Hsu;Hilbert-Huang transform analysis of hydrological and environmental time series,Springe,244,2008.
    連結:
  21. [31] Norden E. Huang and Zhaohua Wu;"A REVIEW ON HILBERT-HUANG TRANSFORM:METHOD AND ITS APPLICATIONS TO GEOPHYSICAL STUDIES0";2008.
    連結:
  22. [32] E.P.Flinchem and D.A.Jay, "An Introduction to Wavelet Transform Tidal Analysis Methods";2000.
    連結:
  23. [34] Marcus Datig, Torsten Schlurmann, "Performance and limitations of the Hilbert-Huang transformation(HHT) with an application to irregular water waves",2004.
    連結:
  24. [35] Chen, C.-H.;Wang,C.-H.;Liu, J.-Y.,Liu, C.,Liang,W.-T.,Yen, H.-Y.,Yeh, Y.-H.;Chia, Y.-P.;Wang, Y.,Identification of earthquake signals from groundwater level records using the HHT method,Geophysical Journal International,Volume 180, Issue 3, Pages 1231-1241, March 2010 .
    連結:
  25. 參考文獻
  26. [5] 顏沛華、謝易霖、蔡宗旻,「暴雨時期未設站河段水位之預測(GMDH及距離-水位結合模式)」,中興工程季刊,第86期,2005。
  27. [7] 張斐章、陳彥璋、梁晉銘,「中以類神經網路預測淡水河感潮河段水位」,農業工程學報,第47卷,第4期,2001。
  28. [9] 熊建剛、易凡,「中高層大氣行星波與慣性重力內波的非線性相互作用」,空間科學學報,第20卷,第2期,2000。
  29. [13] 李淑惠,「淡水河潮波非線性現象分析」,碩士論文,國立中山大學海洋物理研究所,高雄,2004。
  30. [15] 王曉娜,「利用Odin-OSIRIS數據檢測大氣行星波」,碩士論文,吉林大學,2008。
  31. [16] 吳玲莉,「感潮河段設計水位方法確定與水位預報研究」,博士論文,河海大學,2006。
  32. [17] 黃清哲,「土石流及岩石運動所產生的地表振動」,成大研發快訊-文摘,第五卷,第四期,2008。
  33. [18] 張憲國,「海水的漲退-潮汐」,中興工程召集出版之工程小叢書,2007
  34. [23] Beard, A.G.,Williams, P.J.S.;Mitchell, N.J.,Muller, H.G.,A spectral climatology of planetary waves and tidal variability,Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics;Volume 63, Issue 9, Pages 801-811, 2001.
  35. [26] Joanne M. O'Callaghan,Tidal and sediment dynamics of a partially mixed, micro-tidal estuary;Doctoral thesis;The University of Western Australia Department of Environmental Engineering;2004.
  36. [33] Donald W. Pritchard "What is an Estuary:Physical Viewpoint",1968。
Times Cited
  1. 劉宏毅(2014)。EEMD應用於暴雨基流分離。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2014。1-58。 
  2. 王皓毅(2012)。以HHT建立感潮河段率定曲線。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2012。1-59。