Translated Titles

A Sketch Grammar of Takibakha Bunun





Key Words

布農語 ; 卡社 ; 語法



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication


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Content Language


Chinese Abstract

本論文旨在探討布農語北部方言中的卡社布農語的一些音韻、詞彙與句法現象。 本研究發現,卡社布農語共有十六個輔音與五個元音音位(/i, e, a, o, u/),而非像先前的研究所述的僅有三個元音。 在詞彙方面,本文分別探討了數詞與時間表達詞彙兩項議題。根據Rubino(2000)對於Ilocano數詞的分析,本文亦將卡社布農語的數詞分為七項:cardinal、indefinite、limitative、multiplicative、fractional、distributive以及ordinal。在時間表達詞彙方面,本文將其分為specific time expressions和deictic expressions。 在卡社布農語的句法方面,本文討論了結構標記(包括格位標記、人稱代名詞、指示標記及連繫詞)、基本的語法特徵(包括語序、名詞句與動詞句結構,特別是焦點系統、時貌與情態)以及四種卡社布農語句型結構(包括狀語句、交互句、疑問句與否定句)。在句法方面,本文共有以下三項發現。第一,本文發現卡社布農語共有兩個格位標記,分別為標示主格的(C)a和斜格的(C)i。其次,本文發現第三人稱代名詞的形式和表現與指示代名詞近乎一致,但卻與第一人稱和第二人稱較不相似。最後,本文發現卡社布農語總共有五個焦點標記,而非四個。第五個焦點標記為受惠者標記ʔis … an。

English Abstract

This thesis aims to provide a preliminary description of the phonology, lexicon, and syntax of Takibakha, one of the Northern dialects of Bunun. Takibakha Bunun has 16 consonants and 5 vowels. A significant finding is that Takibakha has five phonemic vowels (/i, e, a, o, u/), rather than three as claimed in previous studies. In the discussion of lexicon, two topics, numerals and temporal expressions are covered. Takibakha numerals are divided into cardinal, indefinite, limitative, multiplicative, fractional, distributive, and ordinal. Temporal expressions are divided into specific time expressions and deictic expressions. As for syntax, I discuss construction markers (including case marking system, personal pronouns, deictic expressions, and ligatures), basic properties of clauses (including word order, the structure of nominal and verbal clauses, and more specifically, focus, aspect, and mood), and four types of clauses (including adverbial, reciprocal, interrogative, and negative clauses) in Takibakha. The following observations are made in the discussion of Takibakha syntax. First, I argue for the occurrence of two case markers in Takibakha: (C)a and (C)i, rather than one as claimed in previous studies. These two markers are used to mark nominative and oblique cases, respectively. Second, I observe that third person pronouns behave like demonstratives rather than first and second person pronouns. Third, I observe the occurrence of five focuses, rather than four, in Takibakha. The fifth focus is marked by ʔis-…-an, which is used to indicate beneficiary focus.

Topic Category 人文學 > 語言學
人文社會學院 > 語言學研究所
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