Title

自永續發展之理念論我國推行碳排放權交易所須建立之法律制度

Translated Titles

Feasible Legal Institutions for Carbon Trading—Towards a Sustainable Development Perspective

DOI

10.6843/NTHU.2008.00567

Authors

莊紘愷

Key Words

永續發展 ; 國際環境法 ; 污染者付費原則 ; 京都議定書 ; 碳交易 ; 排放交易 ; 排放權交易 ; 可交易之排放許可 ; Sustainable Development ; International Environmental Law ; Polluter-pays Principle ; Kyoto Protocol ; Carbon Trading ; Emission Trading ; Emission Rights Trading ; Tradable Emission Permits

PublicationName

清華大學科技法律研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2008年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

范建得

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

聯合國氣候變化綱要第三次締約國大會透過京都議定書引進碳排放權交易制度,希望以本制度創造經濟上的誘因,使附件一國家以成本有效的方式進行溫室氣體排放減量。京都議定書第2.1條明確指出附件一國家進行溫室氣體排放減量之目的係為了促進永續發展,但身為京都議定書精髓的碳排放權交易制度是否確實得協助附件一國家達成此目標?諸多學者對此理想之達成抱持著質疑的態度。本文擬從國際法規範之發展尋找以碳排放權交易制度促進永續發展的正當性,並從排放權交易運作之原理、原則證明以碳排放權交易制度促進永續發展的可行性。本文發現,唯有當碳排放權交易制度滿足特定條件時始能發揮促進永續發展之功效。 本文透過比較制度與比較法分析國際間最具備代表性之五個(碳)排放權交易制度,並以各制度之經驗探究我國應如何使未來建立之制度符合法治、有效運作並促進永續發展。本文以各國之立法經驗檢視我國與建立碳排放權交易制度潛在相關之法律:包含空氣污染防制法與溫室氣體減量法(草案)。本文希冀,就我國未來應如何建立一個符合國情與永續理念,且能與國際接軌的碳排放權交易制度提出具體的建議。

English Abstract

The legal institution of carbon trading, introduced by the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is expected to provide a cost-effective way of GHG reduction in the Annex I Countries. Article 2(1) of the Kyoto Protocol clearly defines that the main purpose for the Annex I Countries taking actions in achieving their individual quantified emission limitations and reduction commitments is to promote sustainable development of these countries. However, whether the carbon trading introduced by the Kyoto Protocol qualifies to do so is still under debate. This thesis demonstrates the legitimacy from the development of international environmental norms and the applicability from the theory of a tradable pollution permits scheme. The thesis proves that the carbon trading can promote sustainable development only when certain conditions are fulfilled. After illustrating the relationship between carbon trading and sustainable development, the thesis investigates five typical legal institutions of carbon trading; two are under UNFCCC while the others are not. From the comparative law, the thesis endeavors to establish a framework of feasible legal institutions, which is in compliance with the rule of law and in observance of a sustainable development perspective. In the end, the thesis, by means of the framework, checks two potential legal documents for building domestic legal institutions: “the Air Pollution Control Act” and “the Draft Greenhouse Gas Reduction Acts.” The finding described in this thesis provides useful information for building a feasible legal institution of carbon trading in Taiwan.

Topic Category 科技管理學院 > 科技法律研究所
社會科學 > 法律學
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  121. (三) 案例
  122. **美國案例**
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  124. **國際法院案例**
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  129. **美國法規**
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  131. 68 Fed.Reg. 52,922 (2003).
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  133. S. Res. 98, 105th Cong. (1997).
  134. **歐盟法規**
  135. **日本法規**
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  137. (五) 契約
  138. Chicago Accord (2004).
  139. (六) 網路資料
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  144. CAMD Business System, available at http://www.epa.gov/airmarkets/business/industry/cbs.html (last visited May 16, 2008).
  145. Cap and Trade, available at http://www.epa.gov/airmarkets/cap-trade/index.html (last viewed May 25, 2008).
  146. CCX Auction, available at http://www.chicagoclimatex.com/content.jsf?id=1521 (last viewed June 6, 2008).
  147. CCX Emission Reduction Commitment,available at http://www.chicagoclimatex.com/content.jsf?id=72 (last viewed May 4, 2008).
  148. Cleaning the Air: The Facts about Capping and Trading Emissions, available at http://www.epa.gov/airmarkets/progsregs/arp/docs/clearingtheair.pdf (last viewed Oct. 25, 2007).
  149. Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve, available at http://www.epa.gov/airmarkets/progsregs/arp/conserve.html (last visited May 16, 2008).
  150. E.U. Emissions Trading Scheme Full Regulatory Impact Assessment for Phase II, available at http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/climatechange/trading/eu/phase2/pdf/ria-new-entrant-reserve.pdf (last viewed May 24, 2008).
  151. Earth Summit 2002, available at http://www.earthsummit2002.org/ (last viewed Mar. 13, 2008).
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Times Cited
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  2. 林蔡承(2013)。能源稅作為能源政策手段之探討。成功大學法律學系學位論文。2013。1-147。 
  3. 李奕樵(2010)。生態社區綠營建之碳排放外部效應財務模擬。成功大學都市計劃學系學位論文。2010。1-228。 
  4. 戴呈軒(2010)。論我國奈米科技醫藥發展應有之法律規範。清華大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2010。1-163。 
  5. 呂怡慧(2011)。以市場措施改善航空器污染物對環境之影響。長榮大學航運管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-69。 
  6. 張世東(2009)。從比較法觀點論我國環境刑法運作上之難題。臺北大學法律學系學位論文。2009。1-143。
  7. 吳淑芬(2010)。碳稅作為溫室氣體排放管制手段之探討。臺北大學法律學系學位論文。2010。1-172。
  8. 朱九龍(2011)。台灣因應全球氣候變遷的政策與立法研究--以污染排放權交易為中心。臺北大學法律學系學位論文。2011。1-142。
  9. 鄭冠維(2011)。環境治理—以浙江省嘉興市的經濟成長、環境品質與環境管制為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2011。1-197。
  10. 呂瑋(2011)。應用生態足跡法於模糊永續評估模式之研究。成功大學工業與資訊管理學系學位論文。2011。1-140。
  11. 葉彥伯(2011)。台灣碳交易規則研擬之研究。臺北大學自然資訊與環境管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-251。
  12. 徐若珣(2012)。促進綠色能源科技近用之研究—以公私部門合作夥伴模式為核心。清華大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2012。1-76。