Title

NiMnInX變磁形狀記憶合金之研究

Authors

劉俊呈

Key Words

形狀記憶合金 ; 變磁性效應 ; 相變化溫度 ; 微結構

PublicationName

清華大學材料科學工程學系學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2014年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

胡塵滌

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

鐵磁性記憶合金的變磁性效應為施加磁場時,合金的相變化溫度隨之改變,可導致磁場誘發逆麻田散相變化。本研究在Ni50Mn36In14中以Ni置換Mn或以Au、Fe、Co取代Ni製作三元及四元合金塊材,探討NiMnInX特性包括:相變化溫度、微結構、變磁性效應、磁致伸縮。 將各種合金做1173K 24小時熱處理並水淬後,所得到的合金母相晶格皆為L21,麻田散相為10M或14M。 合金中以Ni置換Mn將產生Ni3In析出相。以Au取代Ni合金母相晶格常數上升。以Fe取代Ni將產生-Fe析出。 以Au、Fe取代Ni使相變化溫度及熱焓值下降;以Co取代Ni使相變化溫度大幅上升,且熱焓值亦上升,由變溫金相觀測得知熱焓值越高,麻田散相變化驅動力越大。 以Fe取代Ni使居禮溫度上升,並且母相與麻田散相磁化量差異變大,有明顯之變磁性效應。以Co取代Ni,母相與麻田散相磁化量差異亦變大,有變磁性效應。磁場下相變化溫度改變量之實驗值與計算值趨勢相符。其中Ingot #5試片在50kOe磁場下相變化溫度改變量高達35K。 從應變規量測證實Ingot #2、#3、#7與#8均有變磁性效應。磁致伸縮雖證實各合金本身磁致伸縮值不高,但以Fe取代Ni使合金磁致伸縮值上升,並且居禮溫度隨Fe比例增加而上升。

Topic Category 工學院 > 材料科學工程學系
工程學 > 工程學總論
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