A Study of Intellectual Property Right Management In CSIST
專利管理 ； 智慧財產權策略 ； 智慧財產權管理 ； 國防科技 ； 智慧財產權 ； Intellectual Property Right Strategy ； Intellectual Property Right ； Patent Management ； Intellectual Property Right Management ； Defence Technology
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摘 要 中山科學研究院為一國防研發機構，以國防武器之研發為主要任務；就一研究機構而言，其產出就是技術、Know How、營業秘密…等無形智慧資產，在「軍轉民」的政策下，對於這些無形資產需要管理制度加以管理，達保護及授權運用之目的。 本研究之目的乃是針對國防研發成果如何有效管理、運用，以促進產業升級，提高我國科技水準，並期建立高科技及高附加價值產業，帶動國家總體經濟之發展。藉由本研究之探討期能瞭解中科院智慧財產權管理制度之現況及缺失，並據以提出建議。 經由本研究之探討分析發現：中科院在智財權政策方面其智財權專責部門的成立大多導因於主管的重視及支持，由於有智財權專責部門的成立，智財權相關的法規才陸續建立。在智財權策略方面目前各單位大多停留在蓄勢待發類型(質量並重)的階段，積極的申請專利以及提升專利的品質，在專利授權及收取權利金方面成效尚不佳；未來將朝收取權利金發展，提昇技術及研發能力，策略性專利佈署產出的方向管理，以達收取權利金之目的。 在智財權管理制度方面，落實程度最徹底的分別為：(1)員工簽訂聘僱契約/工作規則，有無智財權相關條款(2)智財權教育訓練及告知員工智財權之管理辦法(3)對外發表之文件經過審核機制(4)建立智財權管理資料庫系統(5)智財權的申請之評估機制(6)與其他單位合作之智財權歸屬(7)智財權管理工作委外進行及評斷選擇之標準。落實程度最不徹底的分別為：(1)智財權變更、放棄之機制(2)專利評價機制及收取權利金之目標(3)專利授權之依據及原則(4)研發記錄簿管理辦法及執行成效(5)是否進行智財權專業人員及專利工程師之培訓(6)是否訂有S/W、Intranet / Internet (E-mail)管理辦法?由何單位/人負責(7)智財權申請之獎勵辦法及獎勵金額。 本研究將上列發現歸納結果如下：(1)中科院已訂定的智慧財產權管理相關法規及制度與本研究探討之研究大綱要項幾乎符合。(2)中科院在「智慧財產權變更、放棄機制」、「專利評價機制及收取權利金之機制」、「專利授權之依據及原則」三部份尚未頒訂法規，致各單位無法源可據以實施。(3)各單位大部份均依循院部專責部門已訂定的法規辦法執行相關作業程序，並無另行訂定其他法規制度。(4)有成立專責部門的單位，其在整體智慧財產權管理的作為均較為完整。(5)中科院為公務機關，任何政策、法規及機制的創立均需經權責單位及長官核頒後方得實施，且法規、制度的核頒過程冗繁，費時且無效率。(6)國防研發成果應採保護為主，運用為輔的策略；軍民通用研發成果以保護及運用兼俱策略為之。 本研究依據文獻探討及訪談分析結果，提出中科院智慧財產權管理之建議，供院內智慧財產權主管部門之參考。
Abstract The Chung Shan Institute of Science and Technology (CSIST) is a national defense research and development organization and its primary mission is the research and development of national defense weapon. Speaking of a development facility, its delivers are the invisible wisdom properties such as technology, know how, business secret... and so on. Under the policy of “conversion from military technologies and facilities for civilian use”, these intangible assets need to be managed with the management system for reaching the goals of the protection and the authorized utilization. The goals of this study are to effectively manage the achievement of the national defense research and development and how to apply it for promoting the industrial upgrade. Moreover, to enhance the level of science and technology in our country, and expect to establish the high-tech and the high added value industries. Furthermore, the development of marco-economy in the country would be driven. This study wish to understand present situation and drawbacks of the manage system of intellectual property (IP) in CSIST and recommend. Through this study, we find that to set up the department of IP rights responsibility in terms of the policies of IP in CSIST mainly due to the emphasis and support from supervisors. Since the IP rights responsibility department was established, the IP related laws would be formed in succession. About the IP rights strategies, each organization mostly stays at the stage of quality and quantity equally stress.They positively apply for patent and enhance the quality of patent. But in the direction of giving authorization of patent and taking the money from patent, the result is not good. They will face the strategy of the whole world in the future and promote technology and research and development ability. Moreover, they will look to the way of delivering the patent to reach the goal of taking the money from patent. In the side of IP rights management system, to implement the most thorough are as below： (1) The staff signs hire contract /work rule, whether there is IP rights related provision. (2) The IP rights education and training and informs staffs the management method of IP rights. (3) The publications are reviewed by review organization. (4) Establishes the IP rights management database. (5) The assessment mechanism of applying IP rights. (6) The ownership of IP rights when cooperate with other organization (7) The standard of IP rights commission carrying out by outside organization and judge choices. In the contrary, to implement not such thorough are： (1) The mechanism of changing and giving up the IP rights. (2) The mechanism of estimate the IP and the goal of taking the money from patent (3) The basis and principle of authorizing patent. (4) Research and develop the method of bookkeeping and carry out the result. (5) Whether carries on training the IP rights professionals and patent engineers. (6) Whether making a contract of S/W, Intranet/Internet (E-mail) methods? Is responsible by which section/whom? (7) A system of rewards applying IP rights. By sum up the above findings, we can make some conclusions which is described as below： (1) CSIST has drawn up the IP rights management correlation laws and its system is corresponding to the framework mentioned in this study. (2) CSIST has not issued the laws of implement not such thorough items (1)、(2)、(3) so that each section has no laws to implement. (3) Each section follows the laws made by sole responsibility department of CSIST to implement the related procedures without others laws made by themselves. (4) The section which established the sole responsibility department is more completed in the whole IP rights achievement management. (5) CSIST is an official business institution and any policy, law and regulations and the mechanism establishment must be implemented after the power and responsibility section and the senior supervisors. Besides, the procedure of approved in laws and system are superfluous, time-consuming and ineffective. (6) The main force in the national defense research and development achievement should take the protection primarily and utilization for auxiliary strategy. The soldiers and civilians general research and development achievement both take to protect and utilize strategies. According to reviewing literatures and analyzing interview, this study proposes some suggestions of management IP rights to CSIST to be a reference of IP rights department responsible for the work.
社會科學 > 管理學