Title

國小六年級地球與太空概念二段式診斷測驗之發展與應用

Translated Titles

The development and application of two-tier diagnostic assessment of the concepts on earth and outer space of the sixth grade.

Authors

陳小娟

Key Words

國民小學 ; 診斷測驗 ; 錯誤類型 ; 迷思概念 ; 地球與太空 ; diagnostic assessment ; elementary school ; error patterns ; earth and outer space ; misconception

PublicationName

中原大學教育研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2006年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

張世忠

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究的主旨為發展國民小學學生學習困難的有效診斷工具,並探討國小六年級學生在地球與太空迷思概念的類型,本研究樣本為桃園縣6所國民小學六年級學生共606人。為了發展診斷測驗,本研究先分析有關國內外地球與太空概念的錯誤類型與相關文獻,並利用開放式問卷及晤談來收集學生的錯誤類型及迷思概念,再經過預試後發展成二階段式診斷測驗工具即「地球與太空概念之二段式診斷測驗」。在施測後並透過晤談來了解學生地球與太空的概念,以確認學生在地球與太空概念中出現了哪些的錯誤型態與迷思概念。 「地球與太空概念之二段式診斷測驗」的,平均難易度為0.41,平均鑑別度為0.43,內部一致性信度為0.70。由學生答題的結果分析得知,國小六年級學生出現在對於月相盈虧現象、月相盈虧成因、月相盈虧週期及地日月相對運動、地球自轉、地球公轉、地球自轉公轉和地軸傾斜等概念類別,還持有迷思概念,可見學生對於地球與太空概念的學習是有困難存在的。 本研究的結果有助於對學生在地球與太空概念迷思的學習情形,同時也可作為教師們在有關地球與太空概念各單元教學中的參考依據。

English Abstract

The purpose of this study was the development and application of two-tier diagnostic assessment of the concepts on earth and outer space of the sixth grade. The sample of this study consisted of 606 6th grades selected from six elementary schools of Taoyuan, Taiwan, R. O. C. In order to develop the diagnostic assessment, it was necessary to gather and analyze the literatures about the misconceptions and error patterns on earth and outer space. In addition, open-ended interview was used to collect every kind of misconceptions and error patterns on earth and outer space. After pilot testing, the two-tier diagnostic assessment instrument-“Two-Tier Diagnostic Test for Earth and Outer Space” (TTDTEOS) was developed. In order to identify the misconceptions and error patterns on earth and outer space that were hold by students, some students were interviewed. The internal consistent coefficient (cronbach α) of TTDTEOS was 0.70. The average item difficulty index and the item discrimination index was 0.41 and 0.43 respectively. According to analysis of the students’ answers on the TTDTEOS, there were some misconceptions about the definition of students have misconceptions about lunar phases, the causes of lunar phases, the period of lunar phases and Earth-Sun-Moon relationships、 the rotation of the earth、the revolution around the sun、the rotation of the earth & the revolution around the sun & the axis tilting in revolution. The students have difficulties in learning the conception of earth and outer space. The results of the study will help teachers to realize the learning of elementary school students on earth and outer space of the sixth grade, and provided references for teachers when teaching of earth and outer space.

Topic Category 人文與教育學院 > 教育研究所
社會科學 > 教育學
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