Title

以UML構建之綠色供應商管理系統

Translated Titles

Construction of a Green Supplier Management System in the UML

DOI

10.6840/cycu200700194

Authors

陳嘉翎

Key Words

供應商管控 ; 危害物質限用指令(RoHS) ; 統一塑模語言(UML) ; Unified Modeling Language ; Control Supplier ; Restriction of Hazardous Substance

PublicationName

中原大學工業工程研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2007年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

宮大川

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

摘要 危害物質限用指令 (Restriction of Hazardous Substance, RoHS )為歐盟國家所公告,且這項綠色規範已於2006年7月正式開始實施。使經濟型態以出口導向的台灣資訊電子產業系統廠,面臨現代產業競爭與供應鏈管理體系的另一波衝擊。 因此,本研究以資訊電子產業之中小型系統廠為對象,協助其配合整體因應作業,將與供應鏈管理體系相關的作業皆環環相扣,以達到資訊共同分享,並加強利用資訊科技來強化供應鏈管理的能力,為台灣中小型系統廠從現有的綠色環保衝擊中,將危機轉化為商機與契機,創造最大利潤。然而,在深度訪談中獲悉,中小型系統廠限於環保技術與知識匱乏並未積極面對。為深入瞭解現況問題點和因應作法,分別透過文獻探討及與中小型系統廠訪談,界定「供應商管控」為本研究發展的主軸,並分兩階段進行研究,研擬一套可行性方案。 在問題解決過程中,第一階段參照GPMS管理制度之特性,歸納符合中小型系統廠的綠色供應商管理之作業流程,並依系統化步驟發展綠色供應商管理系統之內容與雛型架構;第二階段則是根據第一階段所規劃的系統內容,透過統一塑模語言(Unified Modeling Language, UML)的使用案例觀點和流程觀點,建構綠色供應商管理系統,展現系統的作業流程及功能。最後,透過專家訪談對照系統構模呈現的功能,驗證系統之功能模組的合理性與可行性。 本研究提出可彈性因應符合RoHS指令與動態環保項目之綠色供應商管理系統,以解決中小型系統廠因應不同國際大廠產品規範差異,所衍生的作業困難,並強化對供應商的管控能力。

English Abstract

Abstract Europe Union (EU) published environment protection directives RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances) as to whole electronic products since July/ 2006. It is a crucial issue to the exportation oriented Taiwan high-tech industries, particularly the small and medium enterprises, which are extremely affected by adopting the EU directives. From now on, the electronics industry has to face and control green practices in seriously and throughout their multi-tier supply chain network, the main purpose is making maximum profits for both side. The problems are primarily due to limited resources and lack experienced staffs with concerning the environment protection to face up this topic within most firms. Therefore, main objective of this research is developing in systematically and using electronic tools to implement an information system framework with sharing material information. It is going to design feature to help industries to get management advantages and we must make sure policy workable. Organization reviewed relevant literatures and deeply interviewed with managers of firms and defining the core research of well controlling supplier in green practice. We divided two stages for main research. Firstly, we are developing a prototypical Green Supplier System based on GPMS construct in to address. Secondly, we are illustrating the overall functionality of the system and main procedure is basing on the analyzing and programing content with Use Case View and Process View of Unified Modeling Language (UML) in first stage. Finally, we are evaluating the result by defined criteria to check main research and it would be well done with verification comparison and meeting the requirements of system function. Based on the achievement, Organization is offering RoHS instruction for multi-industries and it is flexible and match able. Firms of supply chain are able to cope with the RoHS directive. The most main brand have different product standard, we are offering good solution to solve those problems and satisfying the requirements and it will strengthen control ability of supplier.

Topic Category 工學院 > 工業工程研究所
工程學 > 工程學總論
Reference
  1. [7] 巨研科技股份有限公司,http://www.getech.com.tw/index.asp
    連結:
  2. [8] 台灣區電機電子工業同業公會全球資訊網,http://www.teema.org.tw/
    連結:
  3. [13] 巫祥朝,「從源頭管理看供應商品質」,品質月刊,Vol.40,No.11,pp.21-22,
    連結:
  4. 2004.
    連結:
  5. [15] 吳添傑,「資訊產業推動綠色供應鏈管理之研究」,國立台北科技大學商業
    連結:
  6. [17] 林兆明,「供應商管理漫談」,品質月刊,Vol.40,No.11,pp.40-41,2004。
    連結:
  7. [20] 徐忠耀,「綠色電子時代,無鉛銲錫產業經營策略之研究-以A公司為例」,
    連結:
  8. 經濟部技術處,pp.153-179,2007。
    連結:
  9. [25] 許享承,「綠色供應鏈管理機制建構之研究-以A公司為例」,國立中央大
    連結:
  10. [27] 黃仁侯,「綠色產品管理系統之建立」,品質月刊,Vol.42,No.4,pp.68-69,
    連結:
  11. [29] 黃仁侯,「中國綠色產品管理法令之探討」,品質月刊,Vol.42,No.12,
    連結:
  12. [30] 葉忠、許祥瑞、王玉鳳,「綠色供應鏈之管理系統-建置模式分析」,品質
    連結:
  13. 2005.
    連結:
  14. [41] 羅博銘,「大學生對綠色消費品之消費行為研究-以雲嘉地區為例」,南華
    連結:
  15. [43] “Amending Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the
    連結:
  16. for certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment
    連結:
  17. User Guide, Addison-Wesley, Massachusetts, 1999.
    連結:
  18. development field: engineering, policy and business perspectives”,
    連結:
  19. Journal of Cleaner Production , pp.409-425, 2002.
    連結:
  20. Assessment of the Capacity of Civic Amenity Site in the United Kingdom to
    連結:
  21. Separately Collect Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment,” UK:
    連結:
  22. Network Recycling, 2003.
    連結:
  23. [48] Cleemnts, V., “Guide to the Implementation of the WEEE and RoHS
    連結:
  24. Directives for Electrical and Electronic Equipment Manufacturers”, RFI
    連結:
  25. Global Services Ltd., 2004.
    連結:
  26. [50] “Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of
    連結:
  27. Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment,” Official Journal of
    連結:
  28. [51] “Directive 2002/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of
    連結:
  29. 27 January 2003 on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) ,”
    連結:
  30. Official Journal of the European Union, 2003.
    連結:
  31. [52] Daniel, J.F., ”Strategic marketing in global supply chains: Four
    連結:
  32. challenges, ” Industrial Marketing Management, pp.45-50, 2004.
    連結:
  33. [53] “Directive 2005/32/EC of the european parliament and of the council of 6
    連結:
  34. 92/42/EEC and Directives 96/57/EC and 2000/55/EC of the European
    連結:
  35. [54] Eriksson, H.E. and Penker, M., Business modeling with UML: business
    連結:
  36. [56] Fowler, M. and Scott, K., UML distilled: Applying the Standard Object
    連結:
  37. Modeling Language, Addison-Wesley, Massachusetts, 1997.
    連結:
  38. the Analytic Hierarchy Process, ISAHP 2001, Berne, Switzerland, August 2-
    連結:
  39. 4, pp. 111-118, 2001.
    連結:
  40. Papuzza, C., “Life Cycle Assessment of Integrated Circuit Product”,
    連結:
  41. Hazardous Substance Process Management (GPMS-HSPM)” Taiwan Electrical
    連結:
  42. Measurement for Green Supply Chain Management,” Benchmarking, Vol.12,
    連結:
  43. Environment, Vol.14, No.1, pp.1-19, 2005.
    連結:
  44. [63] “IECO-QC 080000, Hazardous Substance Process Management System
    連結:
  45. Requirements” International Electrotechnical Commission, 2005.
    連結:
  46. [64] Kruchten, P.B., “The 4+1 View Model of Architecture,” IEEE Software,
    連結:
  47. pp.42-50, November, 1995.
    連結:
  48. Information Portal for Green Product Lifecycle Management in Electronic
    連結:
  49. [66] Marshall, C., Enterprise Modelling with UML, Addison-Wesley,
    連結:
  50. Corp, 2005.
    連結:
  51. Information for Global Supply Chain Management”, Proceedings of
    連結:
  52. International Conference on Supply Chain Management and Information
    連結:
  53. Systems in the Internet Age, SCMIS 2001, Hong Kong, December 17 – 19,
    連結:
  54. [70] Nagel, M.H., ”Managing the environmental performance of production
    連結:
  55. concept of cleaner production,“ Journal of Cleaner Production, pp.11-
    連結:
  56. 26,2003.
    連結:
  57. [73] Rao, P.,“Greening The Supply Chain: a New Initiative in South East Asia,
    連結:
  58. " International Journal of Operations and Production Management, Vol.22,
    連結:
  59. to Develop Lean and Green Suppliers,” Supply Chain Management, Vol.10,
    連結:
  60. No.1, pp.60-68, 2005.
    連結:
  61. Measuring Preferences in Supply Chain Design,“ Industrial Marketing
    連結:
  62. Management, pp.27-35, 2000
    連結:
  63. [76] Theyel, G., “Customer and Supplier Relations for Environmental
    連結:
  64. Integration of Supply Chain Information Systems: a Case Study,” European
    連結:
  65. [78] William, D. and Presutti, J., “ Supply management and e-procurement:
    連結:
  66. creating value added in the supply chain,“ Industrial Marketing
    連結:
  67. Management Practices in China Manufacturing Enterprises,” Journal of
    連結:
  68. Management in China: Pressures, Practices, and Performance,”
    連結:
  69. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol.25,
    連結:
  70. 參考文獻
  71. [1] 永續產業發展資訊網,http://proj.moeaidb.gov.tw/isdn/index.php
  72. [2] 天下雜誌網,http://ad.cw.com.tw/cw/green/case2_3.asp
  73. [3] 中華民國環境保護暨綠色生產推廣協會,http://www.tepu.org.tw/
  74. [4] 王心怡,「整合消費者觀點之綠色產品包裝設計評量模式」,銘傳大學設計
  75. 管理研究所碩士論文,2004。
  76. [5] 中華人民共和國信息產業部,「電子資訊產品污染控制管理辦法(第39
  77. 號)」,2006。
  78. [6] 毛穎崙,「綠色供應鏈電子化管理系統規劃」,工業污染防治,Vol.25,No.2,
  79. pp.149-168,2006.
  80. [9] 台灣檢驗科技有限公司,http://www.rohs.tw.sgs.com/zh_tw/rohs_tw_v2.htm
  81. [10] 行政院環境保護署,http://www.epa.gov.tw/attachment_file/歐盟WEEE指令
  82. 概述.doc
  83. [11] 吳仁和、林信惠,系統分析與設計理論與實務應用,勝智文化事業有限公
  84. 司,2000。
  85. [12] 李淑清,「家庭因素對家庭綠色消費傾向影響之研究-以鳳山市家計單位為
  86. 對象」,義守大學管理科學研究所碩士論文,2002。
  87. [14] 呂姚霖,「綠色產品運用平台建構提昇競爭力之研究」,大葉大學事業經營
  88. 研究所碩士論文,2005。
  89. 自動化與管理研究所碩士論文,2005。
  90. [16] 吳惠林,中小企業白皮書2006,經濟部中小企業處,台北市,2006。
  91. [18] 科技資訊網,
  92. http://taiwan.cnet.com/news/software/0,2000064574,20112269,00.htm
  93. [19] 孫惠民,UML 設計實作寶典,學貫行銷股份有限公司,臺北市,2002。
  94. 國立中山大學管理學院高階經營碩士學程在職專班碩士論文,2006。
  95. [21] 宮大川,綠色供應鏈計畫-神達電腦,示範性資訊應用開發計畫個案集,
  96. [22] 產業技術知識服務計畫智網,http://www.itis.org.tw/
  97. [23] 陳光榮,「建構台灣的國際綠色形象」,經濟情勢暨評論季刊,Vol.6,No.2,
  98. 2000.
  99. [24] 陳泓志,「物件導向企業框架之研究-以會計總帳系統為例」,國立政治大
  100. 學資訊管理學系研究所碩士論文, 2000。
  101. 學管理學院高階主管企業碩士班碩士論文,2006。
  102. [26] 黃大峰,「運用UML 建構企業模型之探討」,私立輔仁大學管理學研究所
  103. 碩士論文,2001。
  104. [28] 曾瑞煜、王晶瑩,「綠色供應鏈管理之策略-以智邦科技為例」,國立清華
  105. 大學工業工程與工程管理學系專題報告,2005。
  106. pp.73-75,2006。
  107. 月刊,Vol.42,No.7,pp.26-33,2006。
  108. [31] 裴文、張蘭玉、羅有健,「歐盟WEEE、RoHS指令對我國電機電子產業之
  109. 影響-以電機電子產業導入為例」,真善研發期刊,Vol.2,No.1,pp.1-15,
  110. 2006。
  111. [32] 資傳網,http://cpro.com.tw/channel/news/content/index.php?news_id=52355
  112. [33] 電子工程專輯網,http://www.eettaiwan.com/
  113. [34] 經濟部工業局,歐盟各國及跨國企業之綠色採購資訊彙編,經濟部,台北
  114. 市,2004。
  115. [35] 楊致行,「企業即時合乎RoHS的管理與查驗作業」,永續產業發展,Vol.21,
  116. pp.14-23,2005.
  117. [36] 廖漢君,「UML:類別圖轉換至物件關聯模式之研究」,國立中山大學資
  118. 訊管理研究所碩士在職專班碩士論文,2002。
  119. [37] 劉志堅,「產業的綠色產品及綠色管理策略-歐盟RoHS、WEEE指令的因
  120. 應之道」,Taiwan Watch,Vol.6,No.4,pp.45-58,2004。
  121. [38] 融易網路,http://www.ezfinance.com.tw/index.htm
  122. [39] 藍浩益、張顯龍,「回歸環保 綠色商機當道」,電工資訊雜誌,Vol.168,
  123. pp.30-42,2004.
  124. [40] 戴輝文,「導入符合RoHS指令之綠色產品管理系統-以IC設計公司為
  125. 例」,國立清華大學工業工程與工程管理研究所碩士在職專班碩士論文,
  126. 大學環境管理研究所碩士論文,2002。
  127. [42] Albir, S.S., UML in a Nutshell, O’Reilly & Associates Inc., New York,
  128. 1999
  129. Council for the purpose of establishing the maximum concentration values
  130. (notified under document number C (2005) 3143, 2005/618/EC,” Official
  131. Journal of the European Union, Commission Decision of August 18, 2005.
  132. [44] Booch, G., Rumbaugh, J. and Jacobson, I., The Unified Modeling Language:
  133. [45] Baumann, H., Boons, F. and Bragd, A., ” Mapping the green product
  134. [46] Bennett, S., S. McRobb, and R. Farmer, Object-Oriented Systems Analysis
  135. and Design Using UML, 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 2003
  136. [47] Bridgwater, E., and Anderon, C., “CA Site WEEE Capacity in the UK:An
  137. [49] Cheng, W., Fung, Richard Y.K., Gong, D.C. and Zhao, J.B., “A Case Study
  138. on Green Product Design and Supplier Chain Management of Taiwan 3C
  139. Electronic Industry,” International Journal of Electronic Business
  140. Management, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp.272-284, 2006.
  141. 27 January 2003 on the Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous
  142. the European Union, 2003.
  143. July 2005, establishing a framework for the setting of eco-design
  144. requirements for energy-using products and amending Council Directive
  145. Parliament and of the Council(EuP),” Official Journal of the European
  146. Union, 2005.
  147. patternsat work, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2000.
  148. [55] Evans, H., and Johnson, J., “10 Steps Towards RoHS Directive
  149. Compliance”, Inemi, Circuits Assembly, Feb. 2005.
  150. [57] Fung, R.Y.K. and Wong C.F.Y., “Supplier Environmental Performance
  151. Evaluation Using AHP,” Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on
  152. [58] Galbiati, E., Zappa, S., Casalino, R., Taiariol, F., Fea, P., and
  153. IEEE, 2001.
  154. [59] Grant, T., “Ecodesign Development in Australia”, IGPA Newsletter, Vol.
  155. 6, No. 2, pp.2-6, 2004.
  156. [60] “TEEMA-S-GPMS-080000, Green Product Management System-Requirements for
  157. and Electronic Manufacturers’ Association, 2006.
  158. [61] Hervani, Aref A., Marilyn M. Helms, and Joseph Sarkis, “Performance
  159. No.4, pp.330-353, 2005.
  160. [62] Handfeild, R., Sroufe, R., and Walton, “Integrating Environmental
  161. Management and Supply Chain Strategies,” Business Strategy and the
  162. [65] Lin, G.Y., Ho, P.S., Cheng, F.H., Hsu, H., Chang, C.H. “Consortium-Based
  163. Industry,” International Journal of Electronic Business Management, Vol.
  164. 4,No. 4, pp.319-331, 2006.
  165. Massachusetts,2000.
  166. [67] Mitac, Green Supply Chain Survey, technical report, Mitac International
  167. [68] Morton, B., Fung, R.Y.K. and Foster, C., “Environmental Performance
  168. pp.545-552, 2001.
  169. [69] Materials Compliance for Green Product Development-Implementation
  170. Framework, Materials Compliance Central, MatrixOne Corp., 2005.
  171. facilities in the electronics industry: more than application of the
  172. [71] Oestereich, B., Develop Software with UML: Object-Oriented Analysis and
  173. Design in Practice, Addison-Wesley, 2003.
  174. [72] Qinghua, Z. and Raymond, P.C., ”Integrating green supply chain
  175. management into an embryonic eco-industrial development: a case study of
  176. the Guitang Group, “ Journal of Cleaner Production, pp.1025–1035, 2004.
  177. No.6, pp.632~655, 2002.
  178. [74] Simpson, Dayna F. and Damien, Power, “Use the Supply Relationship
  179. [75] Thomas R. and Herbert W. Kotzab, ”The Use of Conjoint-Analysis for
  180. Performance,” Greener Managemen International, Vol.35, 2001.
  181. [77] Themistocleous, M., Zahir, I., and Love, P.E.D., “Evaluating the
  182. Journal of Operational Research, Vol.159, pp.393-405, 2004.
  183. Management, pp.219- 226, 2003.
  184. [79] Zhu, Quinghua and Sarkis, J., “Relationships between Operational
  185. Practices and Performance among Early Adapters of Green Supply Chain
  186. Operations Management, Vol.22, pp.265-289, 2004.
  187. [80] Zhu, Quinghua, Sarkis, J., and Geng, Y., “Green Supply Chain
  188. No.5, pp.449-468, 2005.
Times Cited
  1. 呂梓陽(2012)。考量運輸模式之多目標最佳化綠色供應鏈網絡設計。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2012。1-78。 
  2. 陳盈兆(2011)。結合綠色產品管理系統與PLM、ERP之研究。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2011。1-99。 
  3. 張嘉軒(2011)。整合RoHS/WEEE/ErP之綠色管控資訊流分析。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2011。1-95。 
  4. 王瑜芳(2009)。綠色產品管理軟體系統測試與驗證。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2009。1-114。 
  5. 王鈺婷(2008)。因應RoHS 指令的綠色設計 管控系統建構。中原大學工業工程研究所學位論文。2008。1-130。 
  6. 吳佩娟(2009)。因應RoHS指令的綠色產品生產管控系統建構。中原大學工業工程研究所學位論文。2009。1-135。 
  7. 莊孟含(2010)。因應REACH法規之3C產品發展階段管控系統設計。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2010。1-135。 
  8. 林承岳(2010)。織染廠因應REACH法規之管控流程發展。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2010。1-148。