Title

二氧化矽粒子之中孔洞性質在聚苯乙烯/二氧化矽奈米複合材料之效應

Translated Titles

Effect of Mesoporousity of Silica Particles on the Physical Properties of Polystyrene/Silica Nanocomposite Materials

Authors

邱文玲

Key Words

中孔洞 ; 聚苯乙烯 ; 二氧化矽 ; 模板 ; 溶膠-凝膠 ; Polystyrene ; silica ; templates ; Mesoporous ; Sol-Gel

PublicationName

中原大學化學研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2007年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

葉瑞銘

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本論文係以溶膠-凝膠(Sol-Gel)法來製備具有多孔洞性與無孔洞性材料。以Tetraethoxysilane(TEOS)為前驅物,3-(trimethoxy silyl)propyl methacrylate)(MSMA)為修飾劑,Dibenzoyl-L-tartaric acid (DBTA)作為孔洞形成劑,沿用了非界面活性劑模版法製備無機中孔洞材料的方法,進一步延伸到有機高分子為基材的孔洞材料。最後利用索萃的技巧將水溶性的DBTA分子從中孔洞材料中移除便可以得到一多孔性的孔洞材料。在實驗中我們採用聚苯乙烯當作孔洞材料的基材,分別以不同含量的孔洞性及無孔洞性的二氧化矽與聚苯乙烯形成有機-無機奈米複合材料。另外,在材料結構鑑定方面,除了用穿透電子顯微鏡(TEM)、掃描式電子顯微鏡(SEM)與氮氣吸/脫附儀觀察其孔洞的型態與特性之外,材料的熱性質、介電性質、光學性質等在本論文中皆有一系列的探討。

English Abstract

In this thesis, we have synthesis mesoporous and non-porous materials based on Sol-Gel technique. A series of organo-modify mesoporous materials have been synthesized through nonsurfactant templated sol-gel route of tetraethyl orthosilicate(TEOS)and 3-(trimethoxy silyl)propyl methacrylate)(MSMA) that as a modify agent and Dibenzoyl-L-tartaric acid(DBTA)as a templates. After removed the DBTA by extracted exhaustively, the organic modify mesoporous materials were obtained. In the experiment, a series of polystyrene/silica nanocomposite materials by the different content synthesis mesoporous and non-porous materials forms the organic-inorganic hybrid materials. The porous materials that prepared as described were then characterized by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)and Scanning Electron Microscopy(SEM), Nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms, Accelerated Surface Area and Porosimetry System. Besides, effects of pore structures on thermal properties, dielectric property, optical clarity, and surface morphology of as-prepared multi-porous materials, were also investigated by the dielectric analyzer and UV-visible transmission spectra, respectively.

Topic Category 基礎與應用科學 > 化學
理學院 > 化學研究所
Reference
  1. 1.工業技術研究院化學工業研究所,〝奈米技術與應用〞, 2002.
    連結:
  2. 2.James E.O.Conner,〝Polyphenylene Sulfide Ppultruded Type Composite Structures〞, SAMPE Qurterly, 1987.4.
    連結:
  3. 10. Okuno, K. and Woodhams, R. T. Polym. Eng. Sci., 15., P308, 1975.
    連結:
  4. 18. T. Saegusa, Pure and Appl. Chem., 1995, 67.
    連結:
  5. 21. P. Hajji, L. David, J. F. Gerard, J. P. Pascault, G. Vigier, Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer physics, 1999, 37, 3172.
    連結:
  6. 27. T. Graham, J. Chem. Soc, 1864, 17, 318.
    連結:
  7. 28. L. Royleigh, Philos. Mag., 1919, 38, 738.
    連結:
  8. 29. R.Roy, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 1969, 52, 44.
    連結:
  9. 33. T.Saequsa, J. Macromol. Sci. Chem. A, 1991, 28, 817.
    連結:
  10. 36. J.D. Mackenzie, Y.J. Chung and Y. Hu, J. Non-Cryst. Soilds., 1992, 147, 271.
    連結:
  11. 39. S. Nakata, M. Kawata, M.-A. Kakimoto and Y. Imaj, J. Polym. Sic., Part A: Polym. Chem., 1993, 31, 3425.
    連結:
  12. 42. T. Saegusa, Pure and Appl. Chem., 1995, 67, 1965.
    連結:
  13. 43. Y.Wei, J. Danliang , D. Tianzhong,W-H, S.Xinghua, L. Stephen,Z.D , F.Qiang. Adv. Mater. 1998, 3, 4, 313.
    連結:
  14. 44. W.C. Chen, S.J Lee, L-H Lee J. Mater. Chem., 1999, 9, 2999
    連結:
  15. 46. L.H. Lee and W.C Chen, Chem. Mater., 2001, 13, 1137.
    連結:
  16. 47. C.L. Chian, C.C Ma, Joural of Polymer Degradation and stability, 2003, 15, 225.
    連結:
  17. 48. I. Matsuyama, S. Satoh, M. Katsumoto, K. Susa, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 1991, 135, 22.
    連結:
  18. 49. The colloid chemistry of silica 18 Brinker sol-gel processing of silica 1998, 119.
    連結:
  19. 54. A .Firouzi, D.Kumar, L.M.Bull, T.Besier, P. Sieger, Q.Huo, S.A Walker, J.A.Zasadzibski, C.Glinka, J.Sicol, D.I Margoless, G.D. Stucky, B.F Chemella, Science, 1995. 267, 1138.
    連結:
  20. 58. Y.Wei. Chem. Mater., 1999, 11, 2023.
    連結:
  21. 59. Y.Wei. J.Mater.Chem, 2000, 10, 2490.
    連結:
  22. 60. B.P, Y.Q. Kun, Y.Wei, Microporous and Mesoporous Mater., 2000, 40, 299.
    連結:
  23. 64. Y. Shiraishi, G. Nishimura, T.Hirai, I.Komasawa, Ind.Eng. Chem. Res., 2002, 41, 5065.
    連結:
  24. 65. C.H.Lee, T.S. Lin, C.Y.Mou. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2002, 4, 3106.
    連結:
  25. 70. Kalogeras, Ioannis M, Polymer, 2003, 44, 4817.
    連結:
  26. 71. S. C.Min, J. C.Hyoung, Y. K. Kyong, S.Wha. Ahn. M. Rap. Comm. 2002, 23, 713.
    連結:
  27. 74. G. Kickelbick, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2004, 43, 3102.
    連結:
  28. 76. K. K. Unger, Porous Silica &Its Properties and Use as Support in Column Liquid Chromatography, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1979. 16.
    連結:
  29. Mater., 1998, 10, 161.
    連結:
  30. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 1999, 1235.
    連結:
  31. 87. S. L. Burkett, S. D. Sims, S. Mann, Chem. Commun., 1996, 1367.
    連結:
  32. 91.翁暢健,〝非介面活性劑為模版合成不規則有機孔洞材料與無機中孔洞材料及其性質研究〞,中原大學博士論文, 2006.
    連結:
  33. 3.W.Brandt oldworthy,〝Thermoplastic omposites:The New Structural〞, Plastics World, 1984, 56.
  34. 4.陳世明,〝尖端熱塑性複合材料之發展〞, 強化塑膠廣用新知季刊, Vol58, 1994.4.
  35. 5.張文吉,〝熱塑性複合材料〞, 強化塑膠廣用新知季刊, No.13 1997.9.
  36. 6.陳育德,〝熱塑性複合材料及其加工技術〞, 塑膠資訊, 1999.1.
  37. 7. Jack Travis and Catherine Baird, Annu. Conf., RP/C, 15-D 1983.
  38. 8. Richard Wenger, Annu. Conf., RP/C, SPI, 9-D 1981.
  39. 9. Rapirer, E., Schultz, J. and Turchi, C., Eur. Polym. J., P1155, 1984.
  40. 11.Han, C.D., Luo, H.L., and Mijovic, J., SPEANTEC Proceeding, p82-132, 1982.
  41. 12. Han, C.D., Van Den Weghe, T., Shete, P., and Haw, J.R., Polym.Eng. Sci., 21, P196, 1981.
  42. 13.林景正、賴宏仁,〝奈米材料技術與發展趨勢〞, 工業材料, 第153期, P95, 1999.9.
  43. 14.郭文法,〝奈米複合材料加工應用〞, 工業材料, 第125期, P129, 1997.5.
  44. 15.吳仁傑,〝納米複合材料聚合技術〞, 工業材料, 第125期, P115, 1997.5.
  45. 16.李世陽, 〝奈米科技在高分子產業應用探索〞, 工研院化工所培訓班講義, 2002.3.
  46. 17. Andre L.et al., Polym.Prep., p.235, 2000.
  47. 19.工業材料, 1997, 5, 125.
  48. 20.蔡宗燕, 化工資訊, 1998, 2.
  49. 22.楊思廉主編, 材料塑膠, P86~P91, 五洲出版社.
  50. 23.賴耿陽譯; 塑膠大全, P104~P110; 台灣復文興業股份有限公司.
  51. 24.須本一郎, 日本化工講座之一, 〝苯乙烯樹脂PS,AS,ABS. 〞, 復漢出版社印行.
  52. 25. F. Qiuwei , X.Jigeng, D. Hua, Li.Shuxi ,Y. Wei, J. Mater. Chem, 2000, 10, 2490.
  53. 26. H.M. Ebelmen, Ann. Chimie. Phys, 1846, 16, 129.
  54. 30. R.K. Iler, The chemistry of silica, Wiley-Inter Science, 1979.
  55. 31. H. Dislich, Glastechn. Ber., 1971, 44, 1.
  56. 32. G.L. Wilkes, B. Orler and H. Huang, Polym. Bul. (Berlin), 1985, 14, 557.
  57. 34. B.M. Novak & C. Davies, Polym. Prep., 1991, 32(3), 512。
  58. 35. B.Wang, G.L.Wilkes, J.C. Hedrick, S.C. Liptak and J.E. Mcgrath, Marcromolecules, 1991, 24, 3449.
  59. 37. Y.Wei, R. Bakthavatchalam, D. Yang and C.K. Whitecar, Polym. Prep., 1991, 32(3), 503.
  60. 38. Y. Wei, D. Yang and L. Tang, J. Matr. Res., 1993, 8(5), 1143.
  61. 40. J. Wen and J.E. Mark, Macromol. Reports, 1994, A31, 429.
  62. 41. Y.Wei and W. Wei, Am. Chem. Soc., “Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Composites”, 1995, 125.
  63. 45. Q.Feng, J. Xu, H. Dong, S. Li and Y.Wei J. Mater. Chem., 2000, 10, 2490.
  64. 50. C.T. Kresge, M.E. Leonowice, W.J. Roth, J.C. Vartuli, Beck, J.S, Nature. 1992, 359, 710.
  65. 51. J.S.Beck, J.C.Vartuli, W.J. Roth , M.E.Leonowice , C.T.Kresge, K.D. Schmitt, C.T. Chu, D.H. Olson,E.W. Sheppard S.B. Higgins, J.L. Schlenker , J.AmChem.Soc.,1992, 114, 108340.
  66. 52. D. Zhao, J. Feng, Q. Huo, N. Melosh, G.H.Fredrickson, B.F.Chemlka, G.D.Strucky, Science, 1998, 279, 548.
  67. 53. Y. Wei, J. Danliang, D.Tianzhong, W. Heng , L.Xinghua, Z.D.Stephen, F.Qiang, Adv. Mater. 1998, 3, 4, 313.
  68. 55. Q.Huo, D.I.Margoless, U.Ciesla, P.Feng, T.E.Gier, P. Sieger, R.Leon, P.M.Petroff, F. Schuth, G.D.Stucky, Nature, 1994, 368, 317.
  69. 56. D.Y. Zhao, Q.S.Huo, J.L. Feng, B.F.Chemlka, G.D.Stucky, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1998, 120, 6024.
  70. 57. M.S.Morey, S.OBrien, S.Schwarz, G.D.Stucky, Chem. Mater. 2000, 12, 898.
  71. 61. O.Makoto, H.Naoki, K.Yasuyoshi, Y.Ryota, Appl.cata.A 2003, 241, 307.
  72. 62. B.L.Newalker, J.Olanrewaju, S.Komarneni, Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 552.
  73. 63. Kapoor, Applied Catalysis A General, 2000, 203, 311.
  74. 66. S.Y.Xie, S.L.Deng, L.J.Yu, R.B.Huang, L.S.Zheng, J.Chromatogr.A. 2001, 932, 43.
  75. 67. C.R.Silva, I.C.S.F.Jardim, C.J.Airoldi, Chromatogr.A, 2001, 913, 65.
  76. 68. Y. Wei, X. Jigeng, F. Qiuwei, D. Hua, L. Muduo, Mater.Lett, 2000, 44, 6.
  77. 69. Y. Wei, X.Jigeng, F.Qiuwei, D.Hua, Chem.Phys.Chem. 2002, 9, 802.
  78. 72. R. Ryoo, S. H. Joo, M. Kruk, M. Jaroniec, Adv. Mater. 2001, 13, 677.
  79. 73. M. Kruk, M. Jaroniec, T.W. Kim, R. Ryoo, Chem. Mater. 2003, 15, 2815.
  80. 75. A. Stein, B. J. Melde, R.C. Schroden, Adv. Mater. 2000, 19, 12.
  81. 77. P. M. Price, J. H. Clark, D. J. Macquarrie, J. Chem. Soc., 2000, 101.
  82. 78. K. Moller, T. Bein, Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal., 1998, 117, 53.
  83. 79. T. Ishikawa, M. Matsuda, A. Yasukawa, K. Kondori, S. Inagaki, T.Fukushima, S. Kondo, J. Chem. Soc. 1996, 92, 1985.
  84. 80. R. Anwander, C. Palm, J. Stelzer, O. Groeger, G. Engelhardt, Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal., 1998, 117, 135.
  85. 81. J. Liu, X. Feng, G. E. Fryxell, L.Q. Wang, A. Y. Kim, M. Gong, Adv.
  86. 82. X. Feng, G. E. Fryxell, L.Q. Wang, A. Y. Kim, J. Liu, K. M. Kemner, Science, 1997, 276, 923.
  87. 83. J. Liu, G. E. Fryxell, S. Mattigod, T. S. Zemanian, Y. Shin, L.-Q. Wang, in Proc. Nanoporous Materials II, Banff, Canada, May, 2000.
  88. 84. N. Bellocq, S. Abramson, M. LaspØras, D. Brunel, P. Moreau, Tetrahedron, Asymmetry 1999, 10, 3229.
  89. 85. S. Dai, M. C. Burleigh, Y. Shin, C. C. Morrow, C. E. Barnes, Z. Xue,
  90. 86. C. Sanchez, F. Ribot, New J. Chem., 1994, 18, 1007.
  91. 88. S. D. Sims, S. L. Burkett, S.Mann, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 1996, 431, 77.
  92. 89. Victor Shang-Yi Lin, http://www.external.ameslab.gov/pbchem/PI%20info/lin.htm
  93. 90.陳治貞, 化工資訊與商情, 2004, 76, 12.