Title

以資料包絡法標竿分析印尼和東南亞主要港埠之作業效率

Translated Titles

Benchmarking the Operational Efficiency of Indonesian Major Ports and Selected Southeast Asia Ports Using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)

DOI

10.6840/CYCU.2014.00044

Authors

唐寧

Key Words

資料包絡分析法、貨櫃港埠、效率 ; Data Envelopment Analysis ; Container port ; Efficiency

PublicationName

中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2014年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

宮大川

Content Language

英文

Chinese Abstract

印尼為世界上擁有最多群島的國家,而有效率的物流系統對其國家在連結全球物流上將成為主要關鍵。由於東協地區的自由貿易協定使得貨櫃運輸業的需求增加,進而導致市場競爭更加激烈,以至於各個港埠在安排顧客航線上變得更加困難。本研究比較印尼主要的貨櫃港埠和部分東南亞港埠兩者,並使用資料包絡分析法,在幾個合適情境下,探討多種因素組合以及整體的港埠使用效率。最後利用敏感度分析找到提高效率的重要因素,並將所得之結論提供給港埠管理者作為未來管理的策略參考。

English Abstract

Especially for Indonesia as the largest archipelago nation in the world, efficiency logistics systems and their connection to global logistics is a key role to the success. Free trade agreement in the ASEAN region leads to more competitive market in the container shipping industry. The increasing demand does not reduce the competition; on the contrary, ports and terminals compete harder for their customers, the shipping lines. This study compares the efficiency of port operations for the Indonesian Major Port and Selected Southeast Asia port. This study use Data Envelopment Analysis to evaluate efficiency performance of the container ports and employ several scenarios adapted from multi and total factor productivity concept. Sensitivity analysis aimed to determine which factors are more critical for efficiency improvement. The conclusion of this study provides reasonable theoretic support for port managers to improve management strategies.

Topic Category 電機資訊學院 > 工業與系統工程研究所
工程學 > 工程學總論
Reference
  1. Barros, C. P. (2005). Decomposing Growth in Portuguese Seaports: A Frontier Cost Approach. Maritime Economics & Logistics (7), 297–315
    連結:
  2. Bichou, K and Gray, R. (2004). A Logistic and Supply Chain Management Approach to Port Performance Measurement. Maritime Policy Management. (31), 47-67.
    連結:
  3. Chase, RB., and Jacobs, FR., (2011). Operations and supply chain management. McGraw-Hill/Irwin, New York, NY. (13) 6, 110.
    連結:
  4. Chew, E. P., Lee, L. H., Jiang, J., and Gan, C. C., (2011). Models For Port Competitive Analysis In The Asia-Pacific Region. Advances In Maritime Logistics And Supply Chain Systems, 91.
    連結:
  5. Clark, X., Dollar, D., and Micco, A. (2004). Port Efficiency, Maritime Transport Costs, And Bilateral Trade. Journal of development economics, 75(2), 417-450.
    連結:
  6. Cooper, W. W., Seiford, L. M., and Zhu, J. (2011). Data Envelopment Analysis: History, Models, And Interpretations. Springer US. (1-39)
    連結:
  7. Cullinane, K. P. B., Song, D-W. & Gray. R. (2002). A Stochastic Frontier Model of the Efficiency of Major Container Terminals in Asia: Assessing the Influence of Administrative and Ownership Structures. Transportation Research A (36), 743-762
    連結:
  8. Cullinane, K. & Song, D. (2006). Estimating The Relative Efficiency Of European Container Ports: A Stochastic Frontier Analysis. Research in Transportation Economics (16), 85–115
    連結:
  9. Dowd, T. J., and Leschine, T. M. (1990). Container terminal productivity: a perspective. Maritime Policy & Management, 17(2), 107-112
    連結:
  10. Eiselt, H.A & Sandblom, C.L. (2007). Linear Programming and Its Application. Springer.
    連結:
  11. Estache, A., González, M. and Trujillo, L. (2002). Efficiency Gains from Port Reform and the Potential for Yardstick Competition: lessons from México. World Development, 30 (4), 545-560.
    連結:
  12. Lee, Hsuan-Shih, Ming-Tao Chou, and Sen-Guei Kuo. (2005). Evaluating port efficiency in Asia Pacific region with recursive data envelopment analysis. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies 6: 544-559.
    連結:
  13. Lu, B., and Park, N. K. (2013). Sensitivity Analysis for Identifying the Critical Productivity Factors of Container Terminals. Strojniski Vestnik/Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 59(9).
    連結:
  14. Micco, A., and Pérez, N. (2002). Determinants of maritime transport costs. Retrieved from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1817241
    連結:
  15. Mokhtar, K., and Shah, M. Z. (2013). Efficiency of Operations in Container Terminals: A Frontier Method. European Journal of Business and Management, 5(2), 91-106.
    連結:
  16. Murty, K.G. (2007). Yard Crane Pools and Optimum Layouts for Storage Yards of Container Terminals. Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering, (1) 190-199.
    連結:
  17. Ng. W.C. (2005). Crane Scheduling in Container Yards with Inter-Crane Interference. European Journal of Operational Research (164), 64–78.
    連結:
  18. Ozcan, Y. A. (2007). Health Care Benchmarking And Performance Evaluation : An Assessment using Data Envelopment Analysis. The International Series In operations Research & Management Science
    連結:
  19. Pallis, A.A. and Syriopoulos, T. (2007). Port Governance Models: Financial Evaluation of Greek Port Restructuring. Transport Policy, 14(2), 232-246.
    連結:
  20. Productivity Commission. (1998). Annual report 1997-98. AusInfo, Canberra.
    連結:
  21. Rodrıguez-Alvarez, A., Tovar, B., and Trujillo, L. (2007). Firm and time varying technical and allocative efficiency: An application to port cargo handling firms. International Journal Production Economics (109) 149–161.
    連結:
  22. Steenken, D., Vob, S., and Stahlbok, R. (2004). Container Terminal Operation And Operation Research - A Classification And Literature Review. OR Spectrum, (26), 3-49.
    連結:
  23. Tang, L. C., Low, J. M., and Lam, S. W. (2011). Understanding port choice behavior—a network perspective. Networks and Spatial Economics, 11(1), 65-82.
    連結:
  24. Tongzon, J. (2001) Efficiency Measurement of Selected Australian and Other International Ports Using Data Envelopment Analysis. Transportation Research A: Policy and Practice (35) 113-128.
    連結:
  25. Tongzon, Jose and Heng, Wu. (2005).Port Privatization, Efficiency And Competitiveness: Some Empirical Evidence from Container Ports (Terminals). Transportation Research Part A (39) 405–424.
    連結:
  26. Tranberg, L. K. (2005). Optimizing yard operations in port container terminals. In Proceedings of the 10th EWGT Meeting (16) 86-391.
    連結:
  27. Trujillo, L., González, M. M., and Jiménez, J. L. (2013). An overview on the reform process of African ports. Utilities Policy, (25), 12-22.
    連結:
  28. Vis, I. F. A. and R. de Koster. (2003). Transshipment of containers at a container terminal: An Overview. European Journal of Operational Research, (147), 1-16.
    連結:
  29. Wanke, P. F. (2013). Physical infrastructure and shipment consolidation efficiency drivers in Brazilian ports: A two-stage network-DEA approach. Transport Policy, (29), 145-153.
    連結:
  30. Wu, Y. C. J., and Goh, M. (2010). Container port efficiency in emerging and more advanced markets. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 46(6), 1030-1042.
    連結:
  31. References :
  32. Arvis, J-F. Mustra, A. Panzer, J. Ojala, L. Naula, T. (2007). Connecting to Compete. Trade Logistics in the Global Economy. The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators; The World Bank.
  33. Chou, C. C. (2010). AHP model for The Container Port Choice in The Multiple-Ports Region. Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 18(2), 221-232.
  34. Coelli, T., Prasada Rao, D. S. and Battese, G. E. (1998). An Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Boston, Dordrecht and London.
  35. De Monie, G. (1987). Measuring and Evaluating Port Performance and Productivity. UNCTAD Monographs on Port Management (6)
  36. Development. Secretariat. (1976). Port Performance Indicators: Report by the UNCTAD Secretariat. New York: United Nations.
  37. Eraqi, A. S., Mustafa, A., Khader, A. T., and Barros, C. P. (2008). Efficiency of Middle Eastern and East African seaports: application of DEA using window analysis. European Journal of Scientific Research, 23(4), 597-612.
  38. Esmer, S. (2008). Performance Measurements of Container Terminal Operations. Dokuz Eylul University, Maritime Business and Administration School.
  39. Gao, H., Lv, L., and Liu, W. (2010, August). Efficiency measurement of Shenzhen port using data envelopment analysis. In Emergency Management and Management Sciences (ICEMMS), IEEE International Conference on 206-209).
  40. Gudelj, A., Krčum, M., and Twrdy, E. (2010). Models and Methods for Operations in Port Container Terminals. PROMET-Traffic & Transportation, 22(1), 43-51. Retrieved from http://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=clanak&id_clanak_jezik = 122074
  41. Herliana, L and Parsons, D. (2010). Logistic in Indonesia. APEC Publication. Retrived from http://economics.adelaide.edu.au/downloads/services-workshop/Logistics-In-Indonesia.pdf
  42. Hiong, Keow Soon. (2009). ASEAN Logistics End Users - Trends and Preferences. Frost and Sullivan Business Consultant. Retrieved from http://www.frost.com/prod/servlet/market-insight-print.pag?docid=188456835
  43. Kiani, M., Sayareh, J., and Nooramin, S. (2010). A Simulation Framework for Optimizing Truck Congestion in Marine Terminal. Journal of Maritime Research (7), 55-70.
  44. Lin,. L-C and Tseng., L-A. (2005). Application of DEA and SFA on the Measurement of Operating Efficiencies for 27 International Container Ports. Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, (5) 592 – 607.
  45. Ministry of National Development Planning / National Development Planning Agency (BAPPENAS) (2011) Infrastructure Development Strategy in Indonesia. Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/gov/ regulatory-policy/47377678.pdf
  46. Mwasenga, H. (2012). Port Performance Indicators : A case of Dar es Salaam port. UNCTAD Tanzania Port Authority.
  47. Notteboom, T. (2009). Economic analysis of the European seaport system. Report serving as input for the discussion on the TEN-T policy. ITTMA - University of Antwerp.
  48. Ng, A. S. F., and Lee, C. X. (2007). Productivity Analysis of Container Ports in Malaysia: a Dea Approach. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies (7), 2940-2952.
  49. Rajasekar, T., and Deo, M. (2012). The Size Effect of Indian Major Ports on its Efficiency Using Dea-Additive Models. International Journal of Advances in Management and Economics. (1), 12-18
  50. Ray, S. C. (2004). Data Envelopment Analysis : Theory and Techniques for Economics and Operation Research. Cambridge University Press.
  51. Wang, Teng-Fei., Song, Dong-Wook., and Cullinane,. K. (2003). Container Port Production Efficiency: Comparative Study of DEA And FDH Approaches. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies.
  52. Yip, T. Leung, Sun, Xinyu. and Liu, John. J. (2010). Evolution of Global Container Operation Efficiency : A DEA Approach. Proceeding of 8th International on Supply Chain Management and Information Systems (SCMIS 2010).
Times Cited
  1. 許惠雯(2011)。血液透析病患自我管理與生活品質之相關因素探討。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-77。 
  2. 莊俊喬(2007)。我國高中籃球聯賽發展之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2007。1-89。