Title

清水地熱區淺層構造之透地雷達測勘

Translated Titles

GPR imaging of a shallow structure in the Chingshui geothermal field

Authors

林旂萍

Key Words

清水地熱 ; 地熱 ; GPR ; 透地雷達 ; IIR ; FIR

PublicationName

臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2012年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

鄭懌

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

隨著透地雷達透地雷達(ground penetrating radar,簡稱 GPR)之軟、硬體不斷的發展,透地雷達技術以其非破壞性之探測、高分辨率又直觀的圖像以及準確的解釋成果等優點逐漸被人們所熟知和認可,並被廣泛地應用於工程測勘,尤其近幾年來,透地雷達應用於地下水位調查、海水入侵調查、裂隙調查等含水區領域已有不少成功的範例。雖然應用領域日益廣泛,但較少研究將透地雷達應用於溫泉區域。 本研究將透地雷達應用於清水地熱區,使用 50 MHz分離式透地雷達對清水地熱區做淺層測勘,利用雷達波反射信號在剖面的形態來判讀地熱區淺層之結構。但透地雷達使用上經常遇到人為與環境影響而引起干擾信號,俗稱雜信(波),而雜信會造成對於原始波形特徵的辨認及原始信號內部蘊含資料的擷取造成困擾。本研究為了去除地質雷達探測過程中出現的水平雜信事件(events),在傳統線性濾波技術的基礎上,以不遺失原始信號所含有資訊為前提,將(finite impulse response,簡稱FIR)和(infinite impulse response,簡稱IIR)濾波器相結合,提出了一種去除水平雜信之流程,其中除了利用反褶積處理方法獲得預測值與實際測量值之間的相關係數外,也根據其相關係數合併進行其他傳統線性濾波方法加以處理,並提供實現去除水平雜信的流程圖。最後將此流程應用於實際探測清水地熱區的透地雷達數據中,結果表明該方法亦能有效去除水平雜信,其結果令人滿意。

Topic Category 基礎與應用科學 > 地球科學與地質學
理學院 > 地球科學系
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Times Cited
  1. 劉守傑(2013)。透地雷達技術應用於道路管線施工品質控制之可行性研究。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2013。1-101。