Title

含硫三鐵錯合物 [SFe3(CO)9]2- 的化性研究與新系列 15 族-鉻錯合物的合成開發與相關反應探討

Authors

程建彰

Key Words

主族元素 ; 過渡金屬 ; 金屬團簇化合物 ; 羰基 ; 鉻 ; main group ; transition metal ; metal cluster ; carbonyl ; chromium

PublicationName

臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

1999年

Academic Degree Category

博士

Advisor

謝明惠

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

中文摘要 1. S/Fe/CO 系統 Na2SO3 與 Fe(CO)5 在鹼性甲醇溶液中加熱反應產生四面體結構化合物 [Et4N]2[SFe3(CO)9] (1)。利用 4 M 鹽酸與 1 進行酸化反應得到質子化產物 [Et4N][SFe3(m-H)(CO)9] 與 [SFe3(m-H)2(CO)9]。進一步將 1 與 CF3SO3CH3 反應則得到甲基化產物 [Et4N][MeSFe3(CO)9] (2),其中甲基鍵結於 S 原子上。若將 1 與另一有機鹵化物 BrCH2C(O)OCH3 反應則得到 [Et4N][SFe3(CO)8(m-CO)(CH2C(O)OCH3)] (3),其中有機配子 CH2C(O)OCH3 接在 Fe 原子上。此外,具八面體結構之化合物 [Et4N]2[SFe2Ru3(CO)14] (4) 可由 1 與 Ru3(CO)12 在丙酮中加熱反應產生。若進一步將 4 與 CF3SO3CH3 反應則可得同樣具八面體結構之化合物 [Et4N][MeSFe2Ru3(CO)14] (5),其中 S 原子具少見的五配位鍵結模式。 化合物 1 與溴丙炔以莫耳數比 1:2 於氰甲烷反應,可分離出三種產物,分別是中性化合物 (m3-S)Fe3(CO)9(m3-h1:h2:h1-C(H)=C(CH3)) (6)、SFe2(CO)6(m2-h1:h2-CH=C(CH3)C(O)) (7) 及主要陰離子性產物[Et4N][(m2-S)Fe3(CO)9(m2-h1:h3-C(O)C(H)=C=CH2)] (8)。進一步將主產物 8 與 [Cu(CH3CN)4][BF4] 於二氯甲烷中反應,可分離出化合物 6 和 SFe2(CO)6(m2-h1:h2-C(O)CH=C(CH3)) (9)。若將 8 與 CF3SO3CH3 反應,則可得甲基化產物 (m2-S)Fe3(CO)9(m3-h2:h2:h1-C(OCH3)- C(H)=CCH2) (10)。 2. Bi/Fe/CO 系統 將已知的混合 Zintl 與過渡金屬的化合物 [Et4N]2[Bi4Fe4(CO)13] 與 Fe(CO)4(NCCH3) 以莫耳數比 1:1 於氰甲烷反應,可得到預期的核擴大產物 [Et4N]2[Bi4Fe5(CO)17]。然而若將 [Et4N]2[Bi4Fe4(CO)13] 與 [Mn(CO)5(CH3CN)][PF6] 反應則沒有得到預期的產物 [Et4N][Bi4Fe4Mn(CO)18],而是得到混合過渡金屬團簇化合物 [Et4N][Bi4Fe3Mn(CO)14] (11)。 3. E/Cr/CO (E = As,Sb,Bi) 系統 將 E2O3 (E = As、Sb) 與 Cr(CO)6 在高濃度的鹼性甲醇中反應,可得到具角錐結構之化合物 [Et4N]2[HE{Cr(CO)5}3] (E = As,13a;Sb,13b),此為第一種含有 E-H 鍵 (E = As,Sb) 的第六族羰基化合物。在 As 系統中,我們還可分離出另一含兩個 As-H 鍵的產物[Et4N][H2As{Cr(CO)5}2] (12)。若將 13a 與 RBr (R = PhCH2,HCoCCH2) 於 THF 中反應,則產生加成產物 [Et4N][(R)(Br)As{Cr(CO)5}2] (R = PhCH2,14;CH3CoC,15) 和 [BrCr(CO)5]-。然而 13b 與有機鹵化物 RX (R = PhCH2,X = Br;R = CH3(CH2)5C(O),X = Cl) 反應,則得到鹵化產物 [XSb{Cr(CO)5}3]2- (X = Br,Cl)。混合雙鹵化錯合物 [Bu4N][BrISb{Cr(CO)5}2] (17) 可由 [Bu4N]2[BrSb{Cr(CO)5}3] 與 CH2I2 反應產生。但若將 [Et4N]2[BrSb{Cr(CO)5}3] 與 CH3C(O)Cl 反應,則產生 [Et4N][Cl2Sb- {Cr(CO)5}2] (16),而非預期的 [Et4N][BrClSb{Cr(CO)5}2]。 在低於室溫時 (<20℃),Na2BiO3 與 Cr(CO)6 在高濃度的鹼性甲醇中反應,可得一深棕色的產物 [Et4N]3[Bi{Cr(CO)5}4] (18)。若將反應溫度提高 (>30℃),則可分離出一紫紅色產物 [Et4N]2[MeBi{Cr(CO)5}3] (19),產物中甲基應是來自於甲醇。若將化合物 18 與 RI (R = Me, Et) 反應,可得烷基化產物 [Et4N]2[RBi{Cr(CO)5}3]。然而若將化合物 18 在二氯甲烷中攪拌,則會形成氯化產物 [Et4N]2[ClBi{Cr(CO)5}3] (20)。而[Et4N]2[MeBi{Cr(CO)5}3] 若進一步與 MeI 反應,則得到雙甲基化產物 [Et4N][Me2Bi{Cr(CO)5}2] (21)。

English Abstract

Abstract 1. S/Fe/CO System The reaction of Na2SO3 with Fe(CO)5/KOH in methanol forms the tetrahedral cluster [Et4N]2[SFe3(CO)9] (1) in good yield. Acidification of 1 with H+ forms the monohydrido cluster [Et4N][SFe3(m-H)(CO)9] and the dihydrido cluster SFe3(m-H)2(CO)9. Further methylation of 1 with CF3SO3CH3 produces the sulfur-methylated cluster [Et4N][MeSFe3(CO)9] (2). However, the reaction of 1 with BrCH2C(O)OCH3 forms [Et4N][SFe3(CO)8(m-CO)(CH2C(O)OCH3)] (3), in which the organic ligand CH2C(O)OCH3 bonds with Fe atom. When 1 is treated with Ru3(CO)12 in refluxing acetone, the octahedral cluster [Et4N]2[SFe2Ru3- (CO)14] (4) is obtained. Subsequent methylation of 4 with CF3SO3CH3 gives the octahedral cluster [Et4N][MeSFe2Ru3(CO)14] (5), in which the sulfur atom is pentacoordinated to one methyl group and two Ru and two Fe atoms. The reaction of 1 with propargyl bromide in CH3CN affords three novel products, (m3-S)Fe3(CO)9(m3-h1:h2:h1-C(H)=C(CH3)) (6), SFe2(CO)6(m2-h1:h2-CH=C(CH3)C(O)) (7) and the heterotetranuclear metal-(acylallenyl) complexes [Et4N][(m2-S)Fe3(CO)9(m2-h1:h3-C(O)- C(H)=C=CH2)] (8). When 8 is treated with [Cu(CH3CN)4][BF4], 6 and SFe2(CO)6(m2-h1:h2-C(O)CH=C(CH3)) (9) are obtained. Further reaction of 8 with CF3SO3CH3 yields the methylated cluster (m2-S)Fe3(CO)9(m3-h2:h2:h1-C(OCH3)C(H)=CCH2) (10). 2. Bi/Fe/CO System When [Et4N]2[Bi4Fe4(CO)13] is treated with Fe(CO)4(NCCH3), the expected product [Et4N]2[Bi4Fe5(CO)17] is obtained. Further treatment of [Et4N]2[Bi4Fe4(CO)13] with [Mn(CO)5(CH3CN)][PF6] forms the mixed-metal cluster [Et4N][Bi4Fe3Mn(CO)14] (11) instead of the expected complex [Et4N]2[Bi4Fe4Mn(CO)18]. 3. E/Cr/CO (E = As, Sb, Bi) System The new series of trigonal-pyramidal chromium complexes [Et4N]2[HE{Cr(CO)5}3] (E = As, 13a; Sb, 13b) are obtained from the reaction of E2O3 (E = As, Sb) with Cr(CO)6 in concentrated KOH methanolic solution. These are the first examples of group 6 complexes containing E-H fragment (E = As, Sb). In As case, we also obtain the dihydrido complex [Et4N][H2As{Cr(CO)5}2] (12). Subsequent reaction of 13a with RBr (R = PhCH2, HCoCCH2) forms the addition products [Et4N][(R)(Br)As{Cr(CO)5}2] (R = PhCH2, 14; CH3CoC, 15) and [BrCr(CO)5]-. However, 13b reacts with RX (R = PhCH2, X = Br; R = CH3(CH2)5C(O), X = Cl) respectively to produce the haloantimony complexes [XSb{Cr(CO)5}3]2- (X = Br, Cl). The mixed dihaloantimony complex [Bu4N][BrISb{Cr(CO)5}2] (17) can be produced from the bromoantimony complex [Bu4N]2[BrSb{Cr(CO)5}3] with CH2I2. However, if [Et4N]2[BrSb{Cr(CO)5}3] is treated with CH3C(O)Cl, a dicholoantimony complex [Et4N][Cl2Sb{Cr(CO)5}2] (16) is obtained instead of the expected mixed bromocholoantimony complex. The treatment of Na2BiO3 with Cr(CO)6 in concentrated KOH methanolic solution at low temperature (<20℃) gives the trianion complex [Et4N]3[Bi{Cr(CO)5}4] (18). If the reaction is at higher temperature (>30℃), the purple-red complex [Et4N]2[MeBi{Cr(CO)5}3] (19) is obtained, in which the methyl group is from methanol. When 18 is treated with RI (R = Me, Et), the bismuth-alkylated cluster [Et4N]2[RBi{Cr(CO)5}3] is obtained. Further reaction of 18 with CH2Cl2 produces the cholobismuth complex [Et4N]2[ClBi{Cr(CO)5}3] (20). Subsequent reaction of 19 with MeI yields [Et4N][Me2Bi{Cr(CO)5}2] (21).

Topic Category 基礎與應用科學 > 化學
理學院 > 化學系
Reference
  1. 3. Fachinetti, G. et al., Inorg. Chem. 1994, 33, 1719.
    連結:
  2. Lagrone, C. B.; Rheingold, A. L. Inorg. Chem. 1986, 25, 2472
    連結:
  3. 5. Hieber, W.; Gruber, J. Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 1958, 296, 91.
    連結:
  4. 1998, 34, 5088.
    連結:
  5. Chem. 1986, 303, 99.
    連結:
  6. 8. Roof, L. C.; Pennington, W. T.; Kolis, J. W. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.
    連結:
  7. C.-H. Inorg. Chem. 1996, 35, 5504.
    連結:
  8. Liou, Y.; Jeng, B.-W. Organometallics 1993, 12, 4926.
    連結:
  9. 13. Shieh, M.; Tsai, Y.-C.; Cherng, J.-J.; Shieh, M.-H.; Chen, H.-S.;
    連結:
  10. Ueng, C.-H. Organometallics 1997, 16, 456.
    連結:
  11. 14. Whitmire, K. H.; van Hal, J. W. Organometallics 1998, 17, 5197.
    連結:
  12. W. Inorg. Chem. 1995, 34, 337.
    連結:
  13. 18. Crabtree, R. H. The Organometallic Chemistry of the Transition
    連結:
  14. 19. Doherty, S.; Corrigan, J. F.; Carty, A. J. Adv. Organomet. Chem.
    連結:
  15. 1995, 37, 39.
    連結:
  16. Pahor, N. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1989, 111, 6890.
    連結:
  17. Dalton Trans. 1986, 1459.
    連結:
  18. S.-K.; Churchill, M. R.; Fettinger, J. C. Inorg. Chem. 1986, 25, 2799.
    連結:
  19. 27. (a) Luo, S.; Whitmire, K. H. Inorg. Chem. 1989, 28, 1424. (b)
    連結:
  20. 28. (a) Huttner, G.; Schmid, H.-G. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1975,
    連結:
  21. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1975, 14, 434. (c) Seyerl, J. V.;
    連結:
  22. Huttner, G. Chem. Ber. 1981, 114, 1392.
    連結:
  23. 29. Weber, U.; Zsolnai, L.; Hunter,G. J. Organomet. Chem. 1984, 260,
    連結:
  24. Zsolnai, L. J. Organomet. Chem. 1985, 282, 331.
    連結:
  25. 31. (a) Fischer, E. O.; Richter, K. Chem. Ber. 1976, 109, 1140. (b)
    連結:
  26. J. Organomet. Chem. 1975, 87, 83.
    連結:
  27. 32. Bachman, R. E.; Whitmire, K. H. Inorg. Chem. 1995, 34, 1542.
    連結:
  28. Kadish, K. M. J. Chem. Soc. Dalton Trans. 1980, 1827.
    連結:
  29. 35. Drew, D.; Darensbourg, J. D.; Darensbourg, M. Y. Inorg. Chem.
    連結:
  30. 1975, 14, 1579.
    連結:
  31. 36. Whitmire, K. H.; Lee, T. R.; Lewis, E. S. Organometallics 1986, 5,
    連結:
  32. York, 1972; p445.
    連結:
  33. Soc. 1989, 111, 7662.
    連結:
  34. 40. Huheey, J. e.; Keiter, E. A.; Keiter, R. L. Inorganic Chemistry Principles of Structure and Reactivity, 4nd, Haper Collins.
    連結:
  35. 45. Vahrenkamp, H. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1975, 14, 322.
    連結:
  36. 46. (a) Whitmire, K. H. J. Coord. Chem. 1988, 17, 95. (b) Adams, R. D.; Babin, J. E.; Tsai, M. Inorg. Chem. 1987, 26, 2807. (c) Adams, R. D.; Babin, J. E.; Tsai, M. Inorg. Chem. 1986, 25, 4460. (d) Adams, R. D.; Babin, J. E.; Tsai, M. Inorg. Chem. 1986, 25, 4514.
    連結:
  37. 48. Adams, R. D.; Babin, J. E.; Natarajan, K. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1986, 108, 3518.
    連結:
  38. 53. Carbtree, R. H. The Organometallic Chemistry of The Transition metals, p274, 2nd.
    連結:
  39. 54. Semmelhack, M. F.; Tamura, R. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1983, 105, 4099.
    連結:
  40. 56. Leigh, K. S.; Whitmire, K. H. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1988, 27, 396.
    連結:
  41. 57. Herrmann, W. A.; Koumbouris, B.; Zahn, T.; Ziegler, M. L. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1984, 23, 812.
    連結:
  42. 60. Das, B. K.; Kanatzidis, M. G. Inorg. Chem. 1995, 34, 1011.
    連結:
  43. 61. Das, B. K.; Kanatzidis, M. G. Inorg. Chem. 1995, 34, 5721.
    連結:
  44. 63. von Seyerl, J.; Huttner, G. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1979, 18, 233.
    連結:
  45. 69. Wei, C. H.; Dahl, L. F. Inorg. Chem. 1963, 2, 328.
    連結:
  46. 74. Schmid, G. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1978, 17, 392.
    連結:
  47. 75. (a) Riely, P. E.; Davis, R. E.; Allison, N. T.; Jones, W. M. Inorg. Chem. 1982, 21, 1321. (b) Huttner, G.; Gartzke, W. Chem. Ber. 1972, 105, 2714. (c) Findley, P. F.; Mills, O. S. J. Chem. Soc. A 1969, 1279.
    連結:
  48. 76. Hoffmann, K.; Weiss, E. J. Organomet. Chem. 1977, 128, 225.
    連結:
  49. 78. Dettlaf, G.; Behrens, U.; Weiss, E. Chem. Ber. 1978, 111, 3019.
    連結:
  50. 79. Mitsudo, T.-a.; SasaKi, T.; Watanabe, Y.; Takegami, Y. J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 1978, 252.
    連結:
  51. 80. Binger, P.; Cetinkaya, B.; Kruger, C. J. Organomet. Chem. 1978, 159, 63.
    連結:
  52. 82. Churchill, M. R.; Chang, S. W. Y. Inorg. Chem. 1975, 14, 1680.
    連結:
  53. 83. Connor, J. A.; Jones, E. M. J. Chem. Soc. A 1971, 1974.
    連結:
  54. 84. Casey, C. P.; Brunsvold, W. R. Inorg. Chem. 1977, 16, 391.
    連結:
  55. 85. (a) Wood, C. d.; Mclain, S. J.; Schrock, R. R. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1979, 101, 3201. (b) Casy., C. P.; Polichonwski, S. W.; Shusterman, A. J.; Jones, C. R. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1979, 101, 7282. (c) Fischer, H.; Dotz, K. H. Chem. Ber. 1980, 113, 193.
    連結:
  56. 86. Mayr, A.; Asaro, M. F.; Glines, T. J. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1987, 109, 2215.
    連結:
  57. 90. Klimes, J.; Weiss, E. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1982, 21, 205.
    連結:
  58. 93. Schubert, U. Coord. Rev. 1984, 261-280.
    連結:
  59. 94. Marko, L.; Madach, T.; Vahrenkamp, H. J. Organomet. Chem. 1980, 190, C67.
    連結:
  60. 95. Wei, C. H.; Dahl, L. F. Inorg. Chem. 1965, 4, 493.
    連結:
  61. 99. Marko, L.; Marko-Monostory, b.; Madach, T.; Vahrenkamp, H. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1980, 19, 226.
    連結:
  62. J. Organomet. Chem. 1986, 304, 137.
    連結:
  63. 104. Whitmire, K. H.; Shieh, M.; Cassidy, J.; Inorg. Chem. 1989, 28, 3164.
    連結:
  64. Chem. Soc. 1985, 107, 1062.
    連結:
  65. 6. 參考資料
  66. 1. Lin, Y. C.; Lu, K. L. Chemistry 1991, 49, 303.
  67. 2. Ziegler, T.; Versluis, L. Adv. Chem. Ser., 1992, 75, 230.
  68. 4. (a) Nicholls, J. N. Polyhedron 1984, 3, 1307. (b) Whitmire, K. H.;
  69. 6. Shieh, M.; Shieh, M.-H.; Tsai, Y.-C.; Ueng, C.-H. Inorg. Chem.
  70. 7. (a) Whitmire, K. H.; Lagrone, C. B.; Churchill, M. R. Inorg. Chem.
  71. 1995, 34, 5088. (b) Churchill, M. R.; Fettinger, J. C. J. Organomet.
  72. Engl. 1992, 31, 913.
  73. 9. Roof, L. C.; Pennington, W. T.; Kolis, J. W. Inorg. Chem. 1992, 31,
  74. 2056.
  75. 10. Hung, S.-P.; Kanatzids, M. G. Inorg. Chem. 1993, 32, 821.
  76. 11. Shieh, M.; Sheu, C.-M.; Ho, L.-F.; Cherng, J.-J.; Jang, L.-F.; Ueng,
  77. 12. (a) Shieh, M.; Liou, Y. Inorg. Chem. 1993, 32, 2212. (b) Shieh, M.;
  78. 15. Roof, L. C.; Smith, D. M.; Drake, D. W.; Pennington, W. T.; Kolis, J.
  79. 16. 謝明惠,程建彰,未發表的結果。
  80. 17. (a) Marko, L.; Takacs, J.; Papp, S.; Marko-Monostory, B. Inorg.
  81. Chim. Acta 1980, 45, L189. (b) Marko, L.; Takacs, J. Inorg. Synth
  82. 1989, 26, 243. (c) Fischer, K.; Deck, W.; Schwarz, M.; Vahrenkamp, H. Chem. Ber. 1985, 118, 4946. (d) Holliday, R. L.; Roof, L. C.; Hargus, B.; Smith, D. M.; Wood, P. T.; Pennington, W. T.; Kolis, J. W. Inorg. Chem. 1995, 34, 4392.
  83. Metals; Wiley:New York, 1994,; p112.
  84. 20. Young, G. H.; Wojcicki, A.; Calligaris, M.; Nardin, G.; Bresciani-
  85. 21. Yamazaki, S.; Deeming, A. J.; Speel, D. M. Organometallics, 1998,
  86. 17, 775.
  87. 22. (a) Aime, S.; Tiripicchio, A.; Camellini, M. T.; Deeming, A. J. Inorg.
  88. Chem. 1981, 20, 2027. (b) Aime, S.; Osella, D.; Arce, A. J. ;
  89. Deeming, A. J.; Hursthouse, M. B. Galas, A. M. R. J. Chem. Soc.,
  90. 23. Adams, R. D.; Chen, G.; Tanner, J. T.; Yin, J. Organometallics 1990,
  91. 9, 595.
  92. 24. 陳鴻生,國立台灣師範大學碩士論文,1997。
  93. 25. 葉秀娟,國立台灣師範大學碩士論文,1995。
  94. 26. (a) Whitmire, K. H.; Churchill, M. R.; Fettinger, J. C. J. Am. Chem.
  95. Soc. 1985, 107, 1056. (b) Whitmire, K. H.; Albright, T. A.; Kang,
  96. Whitmire, K. H.; Shieh, M.; Lagrone, C. B.; Robinson, B. H.; Churchill, M. R.; Fettinger, J. C.; See, R. F. Inorg. Chem. 1987, 26, 2798. (c) Whitmire, K. H.; Leigh, J. S.; Luo, S.-F.; Shieh, M.;
  97. Fabiano, M. D. New. J. Chim. 1988, 12, 397. (d) Luo, S.-F.; Whitmire, K. H. J. Organomet. Chem. 1989, 376, 297.
  98. 14, 433. (b) Huttner G.; Seyerl, J. V.; Marsili, M.; Schmid, H.-G.
  99. Sigwarth, B.; Schmid, H.-G.; Mohr, G.; Frank, A.; Marsili, M.;
  100. 281.
  101. 30. Huttner, G.; Weber, U.; Sigwarth, B.; Scheidsteger, O.; Lang, H.;
  102. Benlian, D.; Bigorane, M. Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr. 1963, 1583. (c)
  103. Carty, A. J.; Taylor, N. J.; Coleman, A. W.; Lappert, M. F. J. Chem.
  104. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1979, 639. (d) Schumann, H.; Breung, H. J.
  105. 33. 黃國智,國立台灣師範大學博士論文,1998。
  106. 34. Simmon, M. G.; Merril, C. L.; Wilson, L. J.; Bottomley, L. A.;
  107. 987.
  108. 37. Gordon, A. J.; Ford, R. A. The Chemist's Compasion; Wiley: New
  109. 38. (a) Abel, E. W.; Butler, I. S.; Reid. J. G. J. Chem. Soc. 1963, 2068. (b) Fischer; E. O.; Ofele, K. Z. Naturforsch. 1959, 14b, 763. (c) Fischer; E. O.; Ofele, K. Chem. Ber. 1960, 93, 1156.
  110. 39. Schauer, C. K.; Voss, E. J.; Sabat, M.; Shriver, D. F. J. Am. Chem.
  111. 41. (a) Kreb, B.; Hucke, M.; Mrendel, C. J. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1982, 21, 445. (b) Corbett, J. D. J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett. 1967, 3, 173. (c) Corbett, J. D. Inorg. Chem. 1968, 7, 198. (d) Day, C.; Glaser, R.; Shimomura, N.; Takamuku, A.; Ichikawa, K. Chem. Eur. J. 2000, 6, 1078. (e) Curka, P.; Barrett, C. S. Acta Crystallpgr. 1962, 15, 865.
  112. 42. Takacs, J.; Marko, L. Transition Met. Chem. 1985, 10, 21. (b) Voss, E. J.; Stern, C. L.; Shriver, D. F. Inorg. Chem. 1983, 22, 1339.
  113. 43. Bachman, R. E.; Whitmire, K. H.; van Hal, J. Organometallics 1995, 14, 1792.
  114. 44. Ceriotti, A.; Resconi, L.; Demartin, F.; Longoni, G.; Manassero, M.; Sansoni, M. J. Organomet. Chem. 1983, 249, C35.
  115. 47. Horwitz, C. P.; Shriver, D. F. Adv. Organomet. Chem. 1984, 23, 219.
  116. 49. Adams, R. D.; Babin, J. E.;Wang, J.-G. Polyhedron 1989, 8, 2351.
  117. 50. Adams, R. D.; Babin, J. E.; Natarajan, K.; Tsai, M.; Wang, J. G. Inorg. Chem. 1987, 26, 3708.
  118. 51. Newton, M. G.; Pantaleo, N. S.; King, R. B.; Chu, C.-K. J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 1979, 10.
  119. 52. Mitsudo, T.-a.; Watanabe, H.; Sasaki, T.; Takegami, Y.; Watanabe, Y.; Kafuku, K.; Nakatsu, K. Organometallics 1989, 8, 368.
  120. 55. Arif, A. M.; Cowley, A. H.; Norman, N. C.; Pakulski, M. Inorg. Chem. 1986, 25, 4836.
  121. 58. (a) Bachman, R. E.; Miller, S. K.; Whitmire, K. H. Inorg. Chem. 1994, 33, 2075. (b) Bachman, R. E.; Miller, S. K.; Whitmire, K. H. Organometallics 1995, 14, 796.
  122. 59. Henderson, P.; Rossignoli, M.; Burns, R. C.; Scudder, M. L.; Craig, D. C. J. Chem. Soc. Dalton Trans. 1994, 1641.
  123. 62. (a) Kao, S. C.; Darensbourg, M. Y. Organometallics 1984, 3, 646. (b) Kao, S. C.; Gaus, P. L.; Youngdahl, K.; Darensbourg, M. Y. Organometallics 1984, 3, 1601.
  124. 64. (a) Fischer, K.; Deck, W.; Schwarz, M.; Vahrenkamp, H. Chem. Ber. 1985, 118, 4946. (b) Al-Ani, F. T.; Hughes, D. L.; Pickett, C. J. J. Organomet. Chem. 1986, 307, C31.
  125. 65. 蔡易州,國立台灣師範大學碩士論文,1994。
  126. 66. (a) Winter, A.; zsolnai, L.; Hunter, G. Chem. Ber. 1982, 115, 1286. (b) Winter, A.; zsolnai, L.; Hunter, G. J. Organomet. Chem. 1983, 409.
  127. 67. Karet, G. B.; Stern, C. L.; Norton, D. M.; Shriver, D. F. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1993, 115, 9979.
  128. 68. Wei, C. H.; Dahl, L. F. Inorg. Chem. 1965, 4, 1.
  129. 70. Coleman, J. M.; Wojcicki, A.; Pollick, P. J.; Dahl, L. F. Inorg. Chem. 1967, 6, 1236.
  130. 71. Voss, E. J.; Stern, C. L.; Shriver, D. F. Inorg. Chem. 1994, 33, 1087.
  131. 72. Churchill, M. R.; Hollander, F. J.; Hutchinson, J. P. Inorg. Chem. 1977, 16, 2655.
  132. 73. Boyar, E.; Deeming, A. J.; Felix, M. S. B.; Kabir, S. E.; Adatia, T.; Bhusate, R.; Mcpartlin, M.; Powell, H. R. J. Chem. Soc. Dalton Trans. 1989, 5.
  133. 77. Seyferth, D.; Hoke, J. B.; Dewan, J. C. Organometallics 1987, 6, 896.
  134. 81. Alcock, N. W.; Richards, C. J.; Thomas, S. E. Organometallics 1991, 10, 231.
  135. 87. Mitsudo, T. Ishihhara, A.; Kadokura, M.; Watanabe, Y. Organometallics 1986, 5, 238.
  136. 88. Mitsudo, T. Watanabe, H.; Sasaki, T.; Watanabe, Y.; Takegami, Y.; Kafuku, K.; Kinoshita, K.; Nakatsu, K. J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 1981, 22.
  137. 89. Mitsudo, T. Watanabe, H.; Watanabe, Y.; Takegami, Y.; J. Organomet. Chem. 1981, 214, 87.
  138. 91. Park, J.; Kang, S.; Whang, D. Kim, K. Organometallics 1991, 10, 3413.
  139. 92. Nakatsu, K.; Mitsudo, T.-a.; Nakanishi, H.; Watanabe, Y.; Takegami, Y. Chem. Lett. 1977, 1447.
  140. 96. Bose, K. S.; Sinn, E.; Averill, B. A. Organometallics 1984, 3, 1126.
  141. 97. Lilley, G. L.; Sinn, E.; Averill, B. A. Inorg. Chem. 1986, 25, 1073.
  142. 98. Koerner von Gustorf, E. A.; Grevels, F. W.; Fischer, I.; Eds. "The Organic Chemistry of Iron" Academic Press: New York, 1978; Vol. 1.
  143. 100. Wallis, J. M.; Muller, G.; Schmidbaur, H. Inorg. Chem. 1987, 26,
  144. 458.
  145. 101. Jones, R. A.; Whittlesey, B. R. Organometallics 1984, 3, 469.
  146. 102. Lang, H.; Huttner, G.; Sigwarth, B.; Jibril, I.; Zsolnai, L.; Orama, O.
  147. 103. Keng, R.-S.; Lin, Y.-C. Organometallics 1990, 9, 289, and references
  148. therein.Rumin, R.; Petillon, F.; Manojlovic-Muir, Lj.; Muir, K. W.Organometallics 1990, 9, 944.
  149. 105. Arif, A. M.; Cowley, A. H.; norman, N. C.; Pakulski, M. J. Am.