Title

縣(市)層級颱洪災害回復力與空間規劃關係之研究

Translated Titles

A Study on the Relationship of County-level Resilience of Flood Hazard and Spatial Planning

Authors

黃千倚

Key Words

區域計畫 ; 分析網路程序法 ; 模糊德爾菲法 ; 空間規劃 ; 回復力 ; 新北市 ; Regional Planning ; Analytic Network Process ; Fuzzy Delphi Method ; Spatial Planning ; Resilience ; New Taipei City

PublicationName

臺北大學都市計劃研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2014年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

詹士樑

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

近年來極端災害致使許多災害事件發生,因此各學科領域除了檢討修正災害防救的策略,也關注災害應變調適的能力。本研究基於過去對「回復力」的討論,將回復力視為一個動態的過程,讓系統具備處理環境改變及自我調適的能量,影響回復力因素包括系統本身的條件、衝擊影響及回復能力三個部分。本研究希冀透過對回復力及相關文獻的回顧,結合颱洪災害特性,透過模糊德爾菲法(Fuzzy Delphi Method)篩選指標、分析網路程序法(Analytic Network Process)進行指標權重分析,建構影響縣(市)層級空間的回復力指標系統,將指標系統應用於新北市的討論,並以「新北市區域計畫(草案)」作為研究對象,檢視區域計畫的空間規劃內容是否對回復力較不理想的地區或面向有改善的效果,且試圖提出建議內容,使未來縣(市)區域計畫的實質發展能更臻完善。 由研究結果得知,縣(市)層級空間的回復力指標系統包括洪水平原面積、國土保育地區、不透水層率、溼地面積、扶養比率、就業人口、家庭收入平均、防災設施、建築老舊情形及排水系統建置等10項指標,權重評估結果以「社會經濟」為最重要指標面向,「國土保育地區」為最重要指標項目。應用指標於新北市空間上綜合評估,整體指標狀態最不理想地區為貢寮區,次之為石碇區及雙溪區。檢視新北市區域計畫中,雖然已將氣候變遷議題納入討論,但回復力概念並未完整實現於計畫內容,建議可透過本研究評估較不理想行政區作為優先示範區,規劃投入更多資源及政策,彌補地區上回復能力不足之劣勢。

English Abstract

In recent years, extreme disasters have caused severe damage more frequent so that the ability of the disaster adaptation became a concerned issue. In this study resilience is defined as a dynamic process and the system has to deal with environmental changes. Through the research methods of the FDM (Fuzzy Delphi Method), and ANP (Analytic Network Process), the study makes efforts to construct the indicator system of the county-level resilience of flood hazard, with which review the regional planning of New Taipei City. The result shows that the indicator system of the county-level resilience of flood hazard is composed of 10 indicators, including flood plain areas, conservation areas, impermeable area, wetland, dependency ratio, employment, average household income, disaster prevention facilities, old buildings and drainage system. The evaluation on New Taipei city shows that the area with the most unsatisfactory resilience by overall index is Gongliao district, followed with Shiding District and Shuangxi District. Although the climate change issues have been included in discussion of the regional planning of New Taipei City, , it is not clear about the concept of resilience in terms of spatial planning, which reminds the government for further efforts.

Topic Category 公共事務學院 > 都市計劃研究所
工程學 > 市政與環境工程
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