Title

利益相關人對台江國家公園海域漁業相關管理措施之認知與態度分析

Translated Titles

Analysis of Stakeholder’s Perception and Attitude towards Fishery Management Measures in the Sea Area of Taijiang National Park

Authors

王敏蓉

Key Words

利益相關人 ; 海洋保護區 ; 海洋管理 ; 漁業 ; stakeholders ; marine protected areas ; marine management ; fishery

PublicationName

成功大學海洋科技與事務研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2011年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

劉大綱

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

由於重視海洋保育及生態維護,廣設海洋保護區之趨勢已成為國際上之共識。第八座國家公園—台江國家公園於2009年正式成立,台江國家公園劃定區域可分為陸域及海域部分,劃定海域內之漁業多為刺網及拖網漁業。為達成國家公園海域之漁業資源永續利用及古沈船史蹟等文化資源保存,漁業相關管理措施實為重要,如臺南沿海已鋪設許多魚礁以恢復資源量。台江國家公園為最新成立之國家公園,區內進行之規劃及管理並不如其他國家公園長久,因此劃設與管理層面尚有檢討及改善之空間。 本研究之研究範圍在於台江國家公園海域部分,以漁業資源利用及海域管理做為研究主軸,藉由瞭解海域漁業利用情況及利益相關人對劃設此海域之看法,深入研究漁業及國家公園管理情形。本文之研究方法為質性與量化研究,質性研究藉由半結構訪談方式,以瞭解利益相關人對台江海域劃設、資源利用、及海域管理等問題之觀點與建議;量化研究則針對當地漁民進行問卷調查,並以統計分析結果做為論證之依據。從質性與量化研究所獲得之資料,可作為利益相關人觀感探討並深入瞭解利益相關人間之互動關係,藉此研究瞭解台江國家公園海域文化遺跡保存及漁業資源利用之關係。 本研究結果顯示台江國家公園由於成立不久,管理方向主要以陸域為主,海域部分雖有畫界但並未針對沈船文化遺跡及漁業資源進行保育;中央與地方政府間在漁業管理上之協調性有待改善,由於立場對立情況明顯,且因漁業資源不足而造成雙方管轄漁民有衝突情形發生。多數漁民對於台江國家公園及海洋保護區設立之觀感大多呈現正向,同時他們希望台江國家公園能為地方帶來觀光效益。根據問卷實際瞭解臺南海域資源量嚴重稀少,漁民亦提出針對此短缺情形政府應進行管理,且許多漁民願意配合管理以協助海域恢復資源量;但漁民認為政府宣導不足及管理不善,大多對政策沒有信心,擔心政策朝令夕改而造成政策推行不易;另外漁民希望政府多輔導轉業或給予補助金等幫助,也認同漁民本身加入決策層面有助於管理,然而漁民因出海作業時間不固定,因此對於政策宣導及參與講座等較不易配合。研究結果顯示漁民認為台江海域內沉船遺跡確實存在,但數量及深度尚有待調查,拖網漁民提出進行漁業作業時如遇到沉船,拖網會被沉船勾破而毀損,為了避免文化遺產遭受破壞,進行保護管理確實有其需要。

English Abstract

There is a growing consensus globally that marine protected areas (MPAs) should be an important tool for marine conservation. Taijiang National Park, the eighth national park in Taiwan, was established in 2009. There are gillnet and trawling fisheries in the marine part of the park and the living resources are considered depleting. However, the current management effort of the park is mainly focused on the land area. In order to conserve the living resources and historical shipwrecks, an improved management plan in the marine area seems necessary. In this study, we explored the utilization of living resources and marine management in the marine part of the Taijiang national park. Qualitative and quantitative research methods were used. Intensive semi-structured interviews were conducted to understand stakeholder’s perception towards marine spatial planning and fishery management in the study area. The quantitative research involved the questionnaire developed based on the findings of semi-structured interviews. Results from these research techniques can be used to explore the interaction of stakeholders and their attitude towards marine conservation. Results show that the coordination among different sector and level of government needs to be improved. The central and local governments have different positions on fishery management issues in Taijiang’s water, resulting in the main fishing conflicts in this area. Most fishermen agree the establishment of national park and MPA in Taijiang’s water, but they hope the park can bring in profit of tourism in return. Local fishermen are aware of the depleting living resources and long for a better fishery management, but they consider the effort of the government is insufficient and the management policy is staggering. The survey indicates that most fishermen consider their participation in the decision-making process may be instrumental to the local fishery management. Fishermen also confirm the existence of the cultural shipwreck since the fishing gears can be entangled at specific locations. In order to protect such cultural heritage, proper protection measures are considered necessary.

Topic Category 基礎與應用科學 > 海洋科學
工學院 > 海洋科技與事務研究所
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