Title

東北季風與颱風大氣紊流尺度之探討

Translated Titles

Investigation of Atmospheric Turbulence Scales of Northeast Monsoons and Typhoons

Authors

陳柏中

Key Words

光學雷達剖風儀 ; 大氣邊界層 ; 大氣紊流 ; 海陸風 ; Lidar measurement ; Atmospheric boundary layer ; Atmospheric turbulence ; Land sea breeze

PublicationName

成功大學航空太空工程學系學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2017年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

苗君易

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究以WindCube v2光學雷達剖風儀,分別架設於三位址實地量測,針對所觀測之東北季風與兩筆登陸颱風數據進行分析。經由計算平均風速、風向及風切變指數等平均風特徵參數選定具代表性之風況時段,並由紊流強度、雷諾應力及紊流動能等物理量呈現大氣紊流特徵,再以自相關函數計算大氣紊流尺度,以探討不同天氣形態下大氣紊流特性。 由兩個東北季風案例比較,可知日夜海陸風循環與地表粗糙度,對近地表邊界層的紊流發展影響劇烈,主流向紊流尺度分佈顯示相同的結論。由於颱風的移動,風場有不同的發展階段,因而產生不同的紊流特性,且紊流長度尺度與紊流動能的大小有關。當氣壓到達最低時,近地表處紊流動能與紊流強度皆為極大值,並隨高度增加而迅速遞減,此一特徵亦與主流向雷諾應力分佈吻合,且於風速迅速遞減的衰弱期,紊流機制為小尺度渦流所主導。

English Abstract

The aim of the present study is to investigate the atmospheric turbulence scales of northeast monsoons and two landed typhoons measured at different sites. The field measurements were made using a WindCube v2 wind Lidar. Mean wind speed, turbulence intensity and turbulent Reynolds stresses varied with respect to the time period and the representative periods were selected to further examinations. Time scales of turbulence fluctuations were integrated from the autocorrelation function to characterize atmospheric turbulence in different weather environment. Two northeast monsoon measurements show that both of the land-sea breeze and the surface roughness considerably affects the distributions of the longitudinal turbulence scales in the surface layer. However, atmospheric turbulence scales in typhoon winds are varied with respect to different stages in typhoon process. With the typhoons reaching the minimum atmospheric pressure, both of turbulence intensity and turbulent kinetic energy had the maximum values occurred near the surface layer, and significantly decreased with the vertical height. This feature is observed in the longitudinal distribution of Reynolds stress. Also the small-scale eddies predominated the turbulent behavior at the stage of wind speed decay.

Topic Category 工學院 > 航空太空工程學系
工程學 > 交通運輸工程
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