Title

外資與中國經濟發展之關聯性分析:1998-2013

Translated Titles

An Analysis of Relevance of Foreign Direct Investment and China’s Economic Development: 1998-2013

Authors

林吉琳

Key Words

panel data回歸模型 ; 內生經濟成長模型 ; 因素分析法 ; 外人直接投資 ; 中國經濟發展 ; China’s economic development ; endogenous economic growth model ; panel data regression model ; factor analysis ; Foreign direct investment

PublicationName

中山大學中國與亞太區域研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2016年

Academic Degree Category

博士

Advisor

翁嘉禧;許介星

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

自中國經濟改革開放以來,面對對外經貿往來要求更開放的環境中,中國經濟之發展也將面臨更大的挑戰。本文想要探討中國在加入WTO前後,引進外資對中國的國際貿易往來、資本投入、生產技術進步、人力資本與基礎建設及城市發展等因素變化和其中的關聯性,如何影響中國的經濟發展。 本文根據中國三十一省市 1998~2013年間的數據,利用回歸分析法及內生經濟成長模型建立一個包含人力資本累積、國內研發投入、國內投資與跨國企業所帶來的技術設備進步研究分析模型。並利用panel data回歸模型的建構和數據檢驗作實證分析。以及利用因素分析法,找出影響中國三十一省市經濟發展的變數,比較城市發展的競爭力,說明基礎建設亦在經濟發展扮演重要角色。 本論文主要發現包括:第一,panel data固定效果回歸模型的解釋能力為98.6%。第二,模型的解釋變數對被解釋變數具有統計上顯著的解釋能力。第三,值得注意的是,教育經費支出規模彈性為負。第四,中國內資企業正日益成為中國研發的主體,外資企業研發支出仍然是中國企業研發投入的一個重要組成成分。第五,增加關鍵產業部門的人力資本投資,使人力資本和物質資本的比例在關鍵產業達到產業升級的新技術要求。第六,在2014年中國三十一省市綜合發展實力排名前茅的省市主要集中在沿海省分。第七,不斷進行中國經濟制度調整有助於中國經濟成長。第八,縮小地區發展差異的方法是在區域之間建立更有效率的經濟聯繫及整合、改善東西部運輸交通網絡、進行基礎建設投資、投入有效的人力資本培育和教育經費是縮小區域貧富差距的具體方法。 本文建議中國的經濟發展應當減少貿易障礙並積極促成貿易自由化、建全金融市場之機能與監察系統;利用比較優勢發展各省市之產業,引進並推動高附加價值之產業;建立完善的體系訓練各產業之勞動力,降低磨擦性失業之衝擊;建立綿密便捷之交通網絡,完善通訊、電力、水力系統;落實專利權,保障研究創新的原動力,建立適合於中國國情而又可因應世界局勢作調整的發展制度。

English Abstract

Since China’s economic reform opened up, confronting an environment where it requested foreign economic and trade exchanges to be more open, China’s economic development would also face a greater challenge. This study would like to investigate that before and after China joined WTO, how did the factor changes and relevance of introducing foreign investment towards China’s international trade transactions, capital investments, progress of production technology, human capital, infrastructures and city development influence on China’s economic development. According to the data of thirty-one provinces and cities in China between Year 1998~2013, this study used regression analysis and endogenous economic growth model to build a research analysis model including accumulation of human capital, domestic research, development and input, domestic investment and technological equipment progress brought by transnational enterprises. Also, use panel data to return the construction and data tests of the model for doing empirical analysis. And use factor analysis to find variables which influenced on economic development at thirty-one provinces and cities in China, compare competitiveness of city development. This illustrated that infrastructures also played an important role in economic development. The main findings of this study included: First, the explanatory ability of panel data fixed effect regression model was 98.6%. Second, explanatory variables of the model towards response variables had obvious explanatory ability on statistics. Third, it was noteworthy that scale elasticity of educational expenditure was negative. Fourth, China’s domestic capital enterprises are becoming main researching and development body of China day by day. Expenditure of research and development of foreign enterprises was still an important constituent for research and development that China’s enterprises put in. Fifth, increasing human capital investment of critical industry sectors made the proportion of human capital and material capital reach new technical requirements of industrial upgrade on critical industries. Sixth, provinces and cities within the top ranks of comprehensive development strength of thirty-one provinces and cities in China in 2014 mainly concentrated on coastal provinces. Seventh, constantly conducting adjustment of China’s economic system helped China’s economy to grow. Eighth, the method of narrowing difference of regional development was to build more efficient economic connection and integration, improve eastern and western transportation and traffic network, conduct investment of infrastructure and put in efficient human capital education and educational funding between regions. These were concrete methods to narrow regional gap between rich and poor. This study recommends China’s economic development shall reduce trade barriers and positively promote trade liberalization, integrate function and supervisory system of financial markets; use comparative advantages to develop industries in each province and city, introduce and promote industries of high added value; build perfect system to train labor force in each industry, reduce shock of frictional unemployment; build dense and convenient traffic network, perfect communication, electric and hydraulic system; implement patent right, guarantee motive power of research and innovation, build development system which suits Chinese national conditions and also respond accordingly to world situation and adjust.

Topic Category 人文學 > 地理及區域研究
社會科學院 > 中國與亞太區域研究所
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  106. Sourafel Girma., 2005. "Absorptive Capacity and Productivity Spillovers from FDI: A Threshold Regression Analysis," Oxford bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 67, No.3, pp. 281-285.
    連結:
  107. Sweeney, Stuart H., and Edward J. Feser., 1998. "Plant Size and Clustering of Manufacturing Activity," Geographical Analysis, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 45-64.
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  114. Teece, David J., 1977. "Technology Transfer by Multinational Firms: The Resource Cost of Transferring Technological Know-How," The Economic Journal, Vol. 87, No. 346, pp. 242-261.
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    連結:
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    連結:
  127. 壹、中文部份
  128. 一、專書
  129. 上海財經大學自由貿易區研究院編著,2014。《贏在自貿區:尋找改革紅利時代的財富與機遇》。北京:北京大學出版社。
  130. 王振主編,2015。《2015長三角地區經濟發展報告》。上海:上海社會科學院出版社。
  131. 中國外商投資企業協會,國務院發展研究中心對外經濟研究部,2015。《中國外商投資企業發展報告(2014)》。北京:中國發展出版社。
  132. 中國國家統計局,2014。《中國統計年鑒(1995-2015年)》。北京:中國統計出版社。
  133. 李稻葵著,2015。〈甚麼是中國與世界的新常態〉,胡舒立主編,《新常態改變中國︰首席經濟學家談大趨勢》。香港:香港中和出版有限公司。
  134. 宋華著,2015。《供應鏈金融》。北京:中國人民大學出版社。
  135. 林錦煌著,2014。《產業分析:競合與策略》。新北市:滄海書局。
  136. 周振華著,2012,《危機中的增長轉型:新格局與新路徑》,上海:格致出版社。
  137. 周新苗著,2014。《對外經濟開放與中國產業安全研究:福利視角》。上海:交通大學出版社。
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  140. 高鐵梅主編,2009。《EViews應用及實例》。北京:清華大學出版社。
  141. 許慶修,2002。《金融創新與高科技產業的發展》。臺北:五南出版社。
  142. 許成鋼,2014。〈中國結構性問題的制度基礎〉,青木昌彥、吳敬璉編,《中國經濟新轉型》。南京:譯林出版社。
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  144. 劉穎男,鐘昌標著,2015。《外商直接投資與內外生經濟增長》。北京:經濟科學出版社。
  145. 歐用生,1991。《質的研究(二版)》。台北:師大書苑。
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  147. 羅寧著,2014。《21世紀資本佈局:從資本流動看未來金融趨勢和經濟格局》。北京:人民郵電出版社。
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  149. Atkinson, R.D.; Ezell, S.J.著,王瑞軍等譯,2014。《創新經濟學:全球優勢競爭》。北京:科學技術文獻出版社。
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  152. Stephen Roach著,洪世民譯,2015。《失衡的經濟:美中「再平衡」戰略大藍圖》。臺北市:日月文化。
  153. Thomas Piketty著,詹文碩、陳以禮譯,2014。《二十一世紀資本論》。新北市:遠足文化。
  154. 二、期刊論文
  155. 王成岐、張建華、安輝,2002。〈外商直接投資、地區差異與中國經濟增長〉,《世界經濟》,第4期,頁15-23。。
  156. 王志鵬、李子奈,2003。〈外資對中國工業企業生產效率的影響研究〉,《管理世界》,第4期,頁17-25。
  157. 王震國、袁汝華,2003 。〈外商直接投資對我國新經濟增長的貢獻評價〉,《 經濟與管理》,第11期,頁5-7。
  158. 白重恩、路江湧、陶志剛,2004。〈投資環境對外資企業效益的影響——來自企業層面的證據〉,《經濟研究》,第9期,頁82-89。
  159. 江小涓、李蕊,2002 。〈FDI 對中國工業增長和技術進步的貢獻〉,《中國工業經濟》,第7卷,第10期,頁5-16。
  160. 江小涓,2003。〈中國作為 FDI 東道國的國際地位:比較與展望〉,《管理世界》,第1期,頁51-56。
  161. 杜江、高建文,2002。〈外國直接投資與中國經濟增長的因果關係分析〉,《 世界經濟文匯 》,第1期,頁32-36。
  162. 何潔,2000。〈外國直接投資對中國工業部門外溢效應的進一步精確量化〉, 《世界經濟》,第23卷,第12期,頁29-36。
  163. 何潔、許羅丹,1999。〈中國工業部門引進外國直接投資外溢效應的實證研究〉,《世界經濟文匯》,第2期,頁16-21。
  164. 沈坤榮,1999。〈外國直接投資與中國經濟增長〉,《管理世界》,第5期,頁22-33。
  165. 范海君,2012。〈國際直接投資的貿易效應: 一個理論分新樞架〉,《當代經濟研究》,第3期,頁70-74。
  166. 林吉琳、翁嘉禧,2015。〈從當代中國經濟發展論孫中山利用外資之主張〉,《孫學研究》,第18期,頁81-86。
  167. 金祥榮、朱希偉,2002。〈專業化產業區的起源與演化: 一個歷史與理論視角的考察〉,《經濟研究》,第8期,頁74-82。
  168. 姚洋、章奇,2001。〈中國工業企業技術效率分析〉,《經濟研究》,第10期,頁13-19。
  169. 張帆,2000。〈中國的物質資本和人力資本估算〉,《 經濟研究》,第 8卷,第1期,頁65-71。
  170. 張軍、章元,2003。〈對中國資本存量 K 的再估計〉,《經濟研究》,第7卷,第35243期,頁 675-699。
  171. 彭國華,2005。〈中國地區收入差距,全要素生產率及其收斂分析〉,《經濟研究》,第9卷,頁19-29。
  172. 盧獲,2003。〈外商投資與中國經濟發展〉,《經濟研究》,第9期,頁40-48。
  173. 魏后凱,2006。〈產業集群的競爭優勢〉,《理論參考》,第9期,頁17-19。
  174. 三、博碩士論文
  175. 邵柏齊,2009。《FDI來源效應與經濟成長-跨國實證分析》。高雄:國立高雄大學經濟管理研究所碩士論文。
  176. 四、網際網路
  177. 〈2015年1-12月外商投資企業進出口簡況〉,《中華人民共和國商務部投資促進事務局》,〈http://www.fdi.gov.cn/CorpSvc/Temp/T3/Product.aspx?idInfo=10000499&idCorp=1800000121&iproject=33&record=5585〉,2016年4月5日查詢。
  178. 〈2015年1-12月全國吸收外商直接投資快訊〉,《中華人民共和國商務部投資促進事務局》,〈http://www.fdi.gov.cn/CorpSvc/Temp/T3/Product.aspx?idInfo=10000499&idCorp=1800000121&iproject=33&record=5583〉,2016年4月5日查詢。
  179. 〈2015年跨境貿易人民幣結算增長10% 增速進一步放緩〉,《中國金融信息網》,〈http://rmb.xinhua08.com/a/20160115/1599026.shtml〉,2016年2月6日查詢。
  180. 〈人民幣國際化中的套匯套利〉,《中國金融信息網》,〈http://www.chinareviewnews.com/doc/1024/2/4/7/102424709.html〉,2016年2月6日查詢。
  181. 五、年鑑
  182. 中國國家統計局,《中國統計年鑒(1995-2015年)》。北京:中國統計出版社。
  183. 中國國家統計局科學技術部編,2014。《中國科技統計年鑑-2014》。北京:中國統計出版社。
  184. 貳、英文部份
  185. 一、專書
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  187. Dunning, John, and Rajneesh Narula., 2003. Foreign Direct Investment and Governments: Catalysts for Economic Restructuring. Routledge.
  188. Krugman, Paul R., 1991. Geography and Trade. MIT Press.
  189. Lau, Lawrence J., Dean T. Jamison, and Frederic Louat., 1990. Education and Productivity in Developing Countries: An Aggregate Production Function Approach. Washington, DC: World Bank. Mimeo.
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  193. Saxenian, AnnaLee, Yasuyuki Motoyama, and Xiaohong Quan., 2002. Local and Global Networks of Immigrant Professionals in Silicon Valley. Public Policy Instit. of CA.
  194. 二、期刊論文
  195. Arrow, K., L. Hurwicz, and H. Uzawa., 1958. "Studies in Nonlinear Programming," Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, Vol. 1, No. 9, pp. 5-23.
  196. Barro, Robert J., and Xavier Sala-i-Martin., 1990. "Public Finance in Models of Economic Growth," National Bureau of Economic Research, No. w3362.
  197. Barro, Robert J., 1991. "A Cross-country Study of Growth, Saving, and Government," National Saving and Economic Performance. University of Chicago Press, pp. 271-304.
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  229. 三、年鑑
  230. 1. UNCTAD(2000、2003、2005)