Title

人口販運的經濟利益及防治機制之研究—以泰國為例

Translated Titles

The Research of Economic Interest and Preventive Institution on Human Trafficking-The Case Study of Thailand

Authors

嚴瀞涵

Key Words

巴勒莫議定書 ; ATIP ; 泰國 ; 人權 ; 非法移民 ; 人口販運 ; human trafficking ; Palermo Convention ; ATIP ; Thailand ; human rights ; illegal immigration

PublicationName

中山大學中國與亞太區域研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2017年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

顧長永;翁嘉禧

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

人口販運又被稱為現代奴隸制,被販運的被害人毫無人權可言,並以各種不人道的方式受到不合理的對待,除了性剝削、勞力剝削、器官移植外,甚至被當作狩獵獵物供買家射殺;這些被害人被當成是商品,依照各種不同屬性在市場上被議價,能用則用,不能用則棄之,更遑論他們需要承受監禁、毆打等不人道對待,然而人應是獨立個體,有其不可侵犯之人權,不應成為買賣標的,因此正視並遏止人口販運問題實屬必要。 近年來國際上逐漸開始正視人口販運議題,然而其龐大的經濟利益仍與相關防治機制相抗衡,欲遏止人口販運的發生,不能只是仰賴相關法規,應針對多面向因素加以解決。近年來,泰國成為東南亞地區經濟繁榮的國家之一,並在2008年修訂相關法規-ATIP,ATIP被認為是湄公河周邊國家中機制最為完善之人口販運法規,然而泰國的人口販運情形並未因此改善,甚至因為人口販運的龐大利益而使得泰國許多貪腐官員牽連其中。 是以,本研究將自宏觀面向探究人口販運的相關防治機制以及人口販運背後龐大的經濟利益,再切入泰國視角,探究泰國人口販運議題與泰國人口販運相關法規,並以前述之經濟利益分析泰國的人口販運經濟利益,以期能對人口販運能有更深入的瞭解,並希望未來能有一天,人口販運不再發生。

English Abstract

Human trafficking is also called modern slavery. Those who were trafficked have no human rights. They are treated to various inhuman and unreasonable treatments, such as sexploitation, labor exploitation, and organ transplant. Some buyer even treated victims as prey to hunt. These victims are treated as merchandise, and they are bargained by different kinds of attributes. If they are worthless, they will be abandoned, let alone being imprisoned, beaten, and other inhuman treatments. Nevertheless, everyone is an individual and has inviolable human rights. It is necessary to face and suppress human trafficking.     Human trafficking has been gradually emphasized internationally in recent years. Nevertheless, the huge benefit counterbalances related prevention mechanism. It is not enough to suppress human trafficking by regulations. This problem can only be solved by considering multiple factors. In recent years, Thailand has become one of economic prosperity countries in Southeast Asia and has revised regulations in 2008. This regulation-ATIP, is considered as the most flawless regulation related to human trafficking among riparian countries of Mekong river. Instead of improving human trafficking, there are many corrupt government officials in Thailand involved because of huge benefit. Accordingly, this study will make a macroscopic inquiry about human trafficking prevention mechanism and profit behind human trafficking. Afterward, this study will conduct economic evaluation of human trafficking in terms of Thailand to get a better understanding of human trafficking. Hope there will be no human trafficking in the future.

Topic Category 人文學 > 地理及區域研究
社會科學院 > 中國與亞太區域研究所
Reference
  1. 王玉民,1994。《社會科學研究方法原理》。臺北:洪葉文化。
    連結:
  2. 黃齡玉,2010。《我國防制人口販運政策之研究》。臺北:臺灣大學政治學系政府  
    連結:
  3. 中文部分
  4. 專書
  5. 柳華文,2011。《〈聯合國禁止販運人口議定書〉研究-以人權法為視角》。北京    
  6.  社會科學文獻出版社。
  7. 葉至誠、葉立誠,2003。《研究方法與論文寫作》。臺北:商鼎文化出版社。
  8. 謝立功,2007。《刑事政策與犯罪研究論文集(十)》。臺北:法務部。
  9. 專書譯著
  10. Khalid Koser著,吳周放譯,2009。《國際移民》(International Migration: A Very Short   
  11.  Introduction)。南京:譯林出版社。
  12. Andrea di Nicola、Giampaolo Musumeci著,倪安宇譯,2016。《人口販子的告白》(Confessioni di un trafficante di uomini)。臺北:大塊文化。
  13. 橘玲著,王蘊潔譯,2013。《洗錢》(マネーロンダリング)。臺北:經濟新潮社。
  14. 學位論文
  15.  與公共政策研究所碩士論文。
  16. 網際網路
  17. 朱立心,2015/7/21。〈世界反人口販運日 落實人權保障〉,《外交部 NGO 國際事務會》,<http://www.taiwanngo.tw/bin/home.php>。
  18. 陳逸飛,2015。〈議題-人口販運(Human trafficking)與人蛇偷渡(Human  Smuggling)之比較〉,
  19.  <http://wolfgang888.pixnet.net/blog/post/313148442-犯