A Study of Policies for Mainland Chinese Students—the Case of National Health Insurance for Mainland Chinese Students
健保政策 ； 權益 ； 兩岸關係 ； 三限六不 ； 陸生 ； National Health insurance ； rights ； Cross-Strait relations ； restrictive policy for Mainland China students ； Mainland China students
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摘要 自2011年開放陸生來臺就讀學位至今，已近六年，早在政策討論階段，就引發非常多爭議。即使到了今天，還有非常多針對陸生之限制性政策。本研究首先對陸生來臺的緣起，「三限六不」，陸生三法，陸生納入健保政策等陸生目前的相關政策做論述。而自從2016年10月24日，蔡英文拍板定案陸生納入健保之後，陸生納入健保政策引發廣泛討論。表面上看似對陸生有利的政策，卻引發許多陸生的不滿。本研究主要透過對陸生的問卷調查，對相關政策決策人員及部分陸生的深度訪談，瞭解在陸生納入健保政策的背後，決策部門考量為何，行政立法部門如何協作，而陸生自身對於將被納入全民健保又有怎麼的想法。 本研究之目的，乃是分析陸生健保政策制定過程中的各種影響因素，以及陸生對納入健保的想法，找出陸生健保政策久拖不決，連陸生自己都不願納入的癥結所在。而透過這些分析，對陸生健保政策制定有所參考。更希望陸生納入健保政策分析的結果，對其他陸生政策也有參考作用，讓陸生可以在臺灣更好的生活學習，吸引到更多的陸生來臺灣學習，讓兩岸青年學子間的交流可以欣欣向榮。
Abstract Since the year 2011 when for the first time mainland China students came to Taiwan for getting the degree, there has been already six years. As early as during the policy discussion then, there were much controversy.Even now, there are still many restrictive policies aiming at mainland China students. This study first expounds the origin of mainland China students´ coming to Taiwan, as well as some of those policies that refer to mainland China students. Since Oct. 24th, 2016, Tsai Ing-wen nailed down that mainland China students would be accepted into the National Health Insurance Scheme, which immediately generated plenty of discussions and comments. This policy appears to be beneficial for mainland China students, but has sparked strong complaints from these seeming beneficiaries.Through questionnaire-based surveys and in-depth interviews with some policy makers and part of mainland China students in Taiwan, this study reveals the consideration of decision-making department, the collaboration of Patent Administration Department, the legislative branch of the government, as well as the thoughts of mainland China students towards this issue, when mainland China students were considered whether to be accepted into the National Health Insurance Scheme. The purpose of this study is to analyze the various influence factors during the policymaking process, how mainland China students think about this policy and the reasons why many of them don’t accept it. All these analyses can provide reference to the policy that mainland china students are accepted into the National Health Insurance Scheme. I hope that the result of these analyses will also provide reference to other policies regarding mainland China students studying in Taiwan and let them lead a better life, which may make more and more students in mainland China to choose to study in Taiwan, and eventually improve the cultural communication between the cross-strait youths.
社會科學院 > 中國與亞太區域研究所