Translated Titles

Design of Controllers Based on Gain and Phase Margin Specifications



Key Words

控制器設計 ; 補償器設計 ; 相位邊限 ; 增益邊限 ; gain margin ; controller design ; compensator design ; phase margin



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Chinese Abstract

我們都知道當系統有適當的相位邊限以及增益邊限的話,將會使系統有良 好的強健性,因此在本研究中,我們主要是將探討如何以相位邊限以及增益邊 限這兩個頻域規格來設計控制器,而其中所探討的控制器類型包含了比例-微 分控制器(Proportional-Derivative Controller) 、比例- 積分控制器 (Proportional-Integral Controller) 、比例- 積分- 微分控制器 (Proportional-Integral-Derivative Controller)、以及相位領先或落後補 償器(Phase Lead or Lag Compensator)這幾種形式。 由於整個控制器的設計流程中,為了要使得整個系統同時達到我們所要求 的相位邊限以及增益邊限的規格將會是非常複雜且需要不斷以嘗試錯誤(try and error)的方式來設計,因此我們利用增益-相位邊限測試方法(Gain-Phase Margin Tester Method)來實現。增益-相位邊限測試方法是一種非常快速且直 覺的控制器設計方法,可以將控制器的解轉換成二維平面,只要讀取圖上的值 即可找出解來。而在一些情況下,控制器的解可能會超過二維平面,因此我們 利用穩態誤差(steady-state error)的條件限制,進而不增加控制器設計上的 複雜度。最後我們也利用幾個簡單的例子來作模擬及測試。

English Abstract

In control theorems, gain margin and phase margin are important specifications in the frequency domain for the analysis and design of practical control systems and have served as important measures of robustness analysis. In this thesis, we will discuss how to design of controllers to satisfy required gain and phase margin specifications, and the controllers are proportional-integral (PI) controller, proportional-derivative (PD) controller, proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller, and phase lead or lag compensator. In the procedure of controller design, it is very hard and complicated to let the system achieve our required gain and phase margin specifications, simultaneously. So we utilize gain-phase margin tester method to achieve this goal. The gain-phase margin tester method can transform the solutions of the controller into two-dimension surface, and we can find solutions on the figure. In some cases, the solutions of the controller will exceed two-dimension surface, so we utilize the condition of steady-state error to constrain the dimension of solutions, and avoid to increase the complexity of controller design. Finally, the effectiveness of the method is demonstrated by examples.

Topic Category 資訊電機學院 > 電機工程學系
工程學 > 電機工程
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