Title

結合衛星資料與建物資訊解析台北市空間發展與都市熱島效應之鏈結

Translated Titles

non

Authors

潘豐家

Key Words

都市化 ; 都市熱島效應 ; 都市建物 ; 容積率 ; 建蔽率 ; 地表溫度 ; Urbanization ; Urban heat island ; Urban building ; Floor area ratio (FAR) ; Building coverage Ratio (BCR) ; Land surface temperature (LST)

PublicationName

中央大學遙測科技碩士學位學程學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2015年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

林唐煌

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

都市熱島效應會隨著都市發展在人工建物之擴張而增強,甚至對於都會區降雨的分布產生影響,都市熱島效應之監測因此成為近年來都會區重要的議題之一。隨著空間資訊技術的發展,衛星遙測技術具有多頻譜、多時空解析以及資料擷取快速等優點,本研究因而應用於台北都市發展與熱島效應之分析,包括建物二維及三維變量之影響。本文以二維的建蔽率與三維的容積率為都市發展程度之指標,配合地面氣象站所量得之氣溫以及衛星觀測所觀測之地表溫度,探討熱島效應與容積率及建蔽率間之關係。結果顯示其間之相關性顯著,但在不同的發展區域有不同程度的影響,如建蔽率在郊區及開發中區域與熱島效應強度有良好的線性關係、而容積率則對高度開發地區的關係最為明顯。此外,容積率與日夜溫差也呈現高度相關性,突顯出容積率為高度開發區域中除風場及降雨等氣象因子外,影響熱島強度的重要因素,尤其是夜間都會區降溫速率與整體建物體積密切相關。

English Abstract

In general, the intensity of urban heat island (UHI) effect would be intensified along with the urban development. The enhancement of UHI effect is mainly due to the expansion in the area and volume of artificial buildings, and will make the impact on the changes of precipitation location. Therefore, it’s essential to monitor the phenomenon of UHI for the metropolis. With the development of spatial information technology, the remote sensing has advantages of multi-spectral bands, multi-scale images, multi-temporal and fast data acquisition. The application of remote sensing has been focused on the urban heat island of Taipei city in this study. Associated with the air temperature from stations and land surface temperature (LST) from satellite observation, two of the urban development indices, the floor area ratio (FAR) and the building area ratio (BCR) from manual generation are investigated further effect on urban heat island (UHI) intensity in this study. The results show that the more the urban develops, the more the urban UHI effect increases, indicating the high correlations between FAR, BCR and UHI intensity. Meanwhile, the diurnal variation of air temperature was diminished along with the increasing of FAR, a significant factor to extending the duration of UHI effect during the nighttime in the downtown area of megacity.

Topic Category 人文學 > 地理及區域研究
太空及遙測研究中心 > 遙測科技碩士學位學程
Reference
  1. 1. 王冠中. (2012). 都市土地利用型與地表溫度關係之探究-以台北市為例. 國立臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所碩士論文.
    連結:
  2. 2. 何佳薇. (2011). 台中地區土地利用變化於熱島效應之研究. 逢甲大學土地管理學系碩士論文.
    連結:
  3. 4. 林憲德, 郭曉青, 李魁鵬, 陳子謙, & 陳冠廷. (2001). 台灣海岸型都市之都市熱島現象與改善對策解析. 都市與計畫, 3 (28), 頁 323-341.
    連結:
  4. 9. 嚴綾. (2012). 應用衛星資料探討大台北地區都市熱島效應之時空分布. 國立中央大學太空科學研究所碩士論文.
    連結:
  5. 10. Anniballe Roberta. (2014). Spatial and temporal trends of the surface and air heat island over Milan using MODIS data. Remote Sensing of Environment , Vol.150, pp 163-171.
    連結:
  6. 11. ChowT.L.Winston, & RothMatthias. (2006). Temporal Dynamics of the Ubban Heat Island in Singapore. Internation Journal of Climatology, Vol.26, pp2243-2260.
    連結:
  7. 12. LandsbergH.E. (1981). The urban climate. International Geophysics Series, Vol.28, pp275.
    連結:
  8. 13. NicholJanetE. (2009). Urban heat island diagnosis using ASTER satellite images and ‘in situ’ air temperature. Atmospheric Research , Vol.94, pp276-284.
    連結:
  9. 15. RobertBornstein, & QingluLin. (2000). Urban heat islands and summertime convective thunderstorms in Atlanta: three case studies. Atmospheric Environment, Vol.34 (3), pp507–516.
    連結:
  10. 18. StathopoulouMaria. (2004). Mapping micro-urban heat islands using NOAA/AVHRR images and CORINE Land Cover : an application to coastal cities of Greece . International Journal of Remote Sensing , Vol.25 (12), pp2304-2316 .
    連結:
  11. 19. VoogtJ.A., & OkeT.R. (2003). Thermal remote sensing of urban climates. Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol.86, pp370-384.
    連結:
  12. 3. 李魁鵬. (1999). 台灣四大都會區都市熱島之研究. 國立成功大學建築研究所博士論文.
  13. 5. 姜善鑫. (1994). 台北地區都市熱島效應及風場之研究. 國科會專題研究計畫報告 .
  14. 6. 張澤蒼. (1988). 臺北盆地熱島效應遙測之研究. 國立中央大學物理研究所碩士論文.
  15. 7. 鄭婉純. (2003). 都市土地利用與都市氣溫關係之研究–台中直轄市之實證研究. 逢甲大學土地管理學系研究所碩士論文.
  16. 8. 簡子翔. (2012). 臺北都會區熱環境與熱島效應解析之研究. 國立政治大學地政研究所碩士論文.
  17. 14. OkeT.R. (1982). The energetic basis of the urban heat island. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol.108, pp1-24.
  18. 16. RysFranz-S. , & GyrAlbert. (1995). Diffusion and Transport of Pollutants in Atmospheric Mesoscale Flow Field. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  19. 17. SrivanitM., & HokaoK. (2012). Effect of urban development and spatial characteristics on urban thermal enviroment in Ghiang Mai metropolitan, Thailand. Lowland Technology International, Vol.14 (2), pp9-22.