A Study on the Selection and Safety Inspection of Children Playground Facility at the community Parks in Bade City of Taoyuan County
全生命週期 ； 國家標準 ； 設施履歷 ； 工程履歷制度 ； 遊戲設施 ； 檢驗機構 ； 認證 ； 改良式焦點團體訪談 ； Google Earth ； Playground facility ； Full Life Cycle ； National Sta
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With the social changes and lower birth rate, Taiwan has entered the aging society. The newborn baby has once been treated as the parents'' assets turns into be social assets. Playing is the origin of learning process for children. Not only the playing field changes into an artificial park from a green farmland in the early stage, but also the playground facility turns into one with diversity, multi-functional and multi-color combination from one wooden equipment with single purpose. Although playground facility comes with innovative and advanced function, the injury incident caused by using the playground facility happens all the time and the numbers of accident are growing. Therefore, to explore the reason to cause children injury in the process of using playground facility and to find a way to improve is main issue of this study. This research analyzed the causes resulting in children injury by using the playground facility. These causes can be summarized as the improper design or selection, the idleness of management and maintenance, the outdated laws and regulations, poorly follow up the safety inspection system and fail to build the facility record system. Improving procedure for avoiding previously mentioned mistakes can be divided into five steps. First of all is to collect the repair expenditures from the management unit of playground facility and to analyze and decide which equipment is the most damageable and cost the most money to maintain. This information feed back to the management unit of playground facility for reference in design process. Secondly, the mechanism of management and maintenance is imported the full life cycle of playground facility. Thirdly, it is to amend the outdated national standards and “Safety Management Regulations for children''s playground facility under every kind of business”. Fourthly, the safety inspection of playground facility can be carried out by an accredited inspecting laboratory with the authorization of the maintenance unit. Lastly, we can establish a playground facility resume program for management by reference to the engineering traceability system. In this study, by using cloud–computing of the free Internet software (Google Earth and Google-related peripheral software) and by analyzing the questionnaires followed by improved focus group interview, we are able to build a prototype of traceability system of playground facility. The fulfillment of this engineering traceability system is able not only to achieve the goal of sustainable maintenance of playground facility but also to avoid unnecessary waste of resource.
工程學 > 土木與建築工程