On the Evolution of Taiwanese "Mazu Pilgriamge"---Using Changhua Nanyiao Temple as a Case Study
媽祖進香 ； 北港進香 ； 笨港進香 ； 南瑤宮 ； 進香 ； Mazu Pilgrimage ； Pilgrimage to Beigang ； Pilgrimage to Bengang ； Nanyiao Temple ； Pilgrimage
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The Nanyiao Mazu Temple in Changhua was built early in Taiwanese hisotry. It started the pilgrimage in Qianlong period, and in the next 200 years has become the prominent leader in the Northern-route of Taiwanese Mazu pilgrimage, which at then was the largest pilgrimage in Taiwan and later developed into a variety of religious ceremonies. At its peak, the pilgrimage has drawn more than one hundred thousand followers, now the number has dwindled down to a few thousand. This change has vital implications for the national Mazu religious ceremony. This article studies this topic, aiming to construct a colorful picture of Nanyiao Temple's Mazu pilgrimage to Beigang through exammination of historical texts, reports and field studies using methods such as historical cultural study and field research. By studyig the rituals of pilgrimage, its schedule and route, analysing its change, I try to reconstruct the historical prominence of Changhua Nanyiao Temple.At the end, I reach the conclusion that the transition of the temple's management to Changhua City Office, and saying that “Beigang was destroyed by flood,” along with the conflicts between the people in Nanyiao and Beigang as well as the change of time are the true causes of the decline of the pilgrimage.
文學院 > 台灣文學與創意應用研究所