Title

工業區污水處理廠溶解性有機物去除特性探討

Translated Titles

A study of dissolved organic matter removal in the industrial wastewater treatment plant

Authors

陳美妙

Key Words

工業區污水處理廠 ; 溶解性有機物 ; 化學處理 ; 生物處理 ; 前處理 ; Pretreatment processing ; The wastewater treatment plants of industrial pa ; Dissolved organic matter ; Chemical treatment. ; Biological treatment

PublicationName

朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2014年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

莊順興

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

近年來環保意識抬頭,工業區污水處理廠之營運成效,對於整個工業區的永續生存,扮演著最重要的角色。然而,工業區污水處理廠對溶解性有機物處理之資料極為有限,且未針對水質之溶解性或非溶解性有機物特性做進一步分析。本研究乃以全興工業區污水處理廠為案例,探討污水處理廠去除效能、各處理單元對溶解性有機物之處理特性及生物處理單元之反應動力特性,期能作為現場穩定操作及整體成效提昇之參考。 針對全興工業區污水處理廠整廠評估,分析結果顯示:總化學需氧量去除率,以生物處理單元最高(61.3%),其次為前處理單元(31.3%),最後為化學處理單元(23.1%);溶解性化學需氧量之去除率,亦以生物處理單元為最高(58.9%),其次為化學處理單元(27.7%),最後為前處理單元(27.2%);懸浮固體去除率以化學處理單元最高(61.3%),其次為前處理單元(49.3%),最後為生物處理單元(44.0%)。由此可知,生物處理單元在污水處理廠扮演非常重要角色。 分析各單元有機物去除量與懸浮固體去除量之比值以線性迴歸方式表示,前處理單元中1克SS去除,同時約去除1.87克T-COD或1.26克D–COD;生物處理單元中1克SS去除,同時亦有5.42克T-COD或4.34克D–COD被去除;化學處理單元中1克SS去除,同時約去除1.07克T-COD或1.08克D–COD。為掌握生物處理變動特性,將生物處理單元以每日數值、3日、5日、7日移動平均方式加以分析,結果顯示二級處理水之T-COD及D–COD與食微比(F/M)具線性關係,以7日移動平均最為穩定,且D–COD與F/M展現更佳之線性理論關係,此研究成果可提供現場操作之參考。

English Abstract

Recent year, environmental issue has been attened. The wastewater treatment of industrial park was the most important role for sustainable development. However, the performance information of dissolved organics processing were few in the industrial wastewater treatment plants. The data of dissolved organics removal was limited. Therefore, this research aimed to investigate the performance of wastewater treatment plant, the characteristics of dissolved organic removal and the kinetic characteristics of biological unit, based on wastewater treatment plant of Chuansing industrial park. The results can be used to improve the overall efficiency. Evaluating the wastewater treatment plant of Chuansing industrial park, the results show that : (1) T-COD removal efficiency. The biological treatment unit was the highest (61.3%). The pretreatment processing unit was intermediate (31.3%), the chemical processing unit was the lowest (23.1%). (2) D-COD removal efficiency. The biological treatment unit was the highest (58.9%).The chemical processing unit was intermediate (27.7%), the pretreatment unit was the lowest (27.2%). (3) The suspended solids removal efficiency. The chemical processing unit was the highest (61.3%). The pretreatment unit was intermediate (49.3%), the biological treatment unit was the lowest (44.0%).Thus the biological treatment unit was the most important unit in the wastewater treatment plants. Using the linear regression methods, the analyzed ratio of organics removal amount per SS removal amount as follow: (1) When pretreatment processing unit remove 1 g SS, 1.87 g T-COD or 1.26 g D-COD was removed simultaneously.(2) When biological treatment unit remove 1 g SS, 5.42 g T-COD or 4.34 g D-COD was removed simultaneously. (3) When chemical processing unit remove 1 g SS, 1.07 g T-COD or 1.08 g D-COD was removed simultaneously. The characteristics of biological treatment was analysis using the moving average approach for 1-day,3-days,5-days,7-days. The results showed that the T-COD, D-COD with F/M (food to microorganism ratio) have good linear relationship. The 7-days moving average approach was the most stable method. Moreover, the D-COD and F/M showing the best linear relationship. This study could be reference for improving the operation of wastewater treatment plant.

Topic Category 理工學院 > 環境工程與管理系
工程學 > 土木與建築工程
Reference
  1. 1.陳瑞昌,「工業區廢水處理廠污泥減量及資源化之成效評估」,碩士論文,朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系碩士論文,(2011)。
    連結:
  2. 17.Bisogni, J. J. and Lawrence, A. W.,“Relationships between biological solidsretention time and settling characteristics of activated sludge”. Water Research. 5,753-763(1971)。
    連結:
  3. 18.Koichi Fure,Toshiaki Tsubone, Hiroyuki Moriya, Hiroshi Kubota,”A simplified kinetic model to simulate soluble organic substances removal in an activated sludge aeration tank Original Research Article”Water Research, Volume 22, Issue 1, January, Pages 29-36(1988)。
    連結:
  4. 19.Daniel Mamais, David Jenkins, Paul Prrr,”A rapid physical-chemical method for the determination of readily biodegradable soluble COD in municipal wastewater”,Water Research, Volume 27, Issue 1, January, Pages 195-197(1993)。
    連結:
  5. 20.P.Fala°s,P.Longre´e,J.laCourJansen,H.Siegrist,J.Hollender,A.Joss,”Micropollutant removal by attached and suspended growth ina hybrid biofilm- activated sludge process Original Research Article”,Water Research, Volume 47, Issue 13, 1 September, Pages 4498-4506(2013)。
    連結:
  6. 2.經濟部工業局全興工業區下水道系統營運中心,「操作與維護手冊」,(2002)。
  7. 3.楊萬發,「活性污泥法新技術」,工業污染防治技術手冊之32,經濟部工業污染防治技術服務團,財團法人中國技術服務社,台北(1996)。
  8. 4.行政院環境保護署環境保護人員訓練所,「有機性廢水處理」,第五冊,東海大學印製,第17-28頁(2013)。
  9. 5.歐陽嶠暉,「下水道工程學」,長松文化公司印行,第303-322頁(2011)。
  10. 6.經濟部工業局全興工業區下水道系統營運中心,「102年度工作計畫書」,(2013)。
  11. 7.經濟部工業局全興工業區下水道系統營運中心,「102年度1至9月工作月報告」,(2013)。
  12. 8.經濟部工業局全興工業區下水道系統營運中心,「102年度工業區污水處理廠工作績效評估報告(期中及期末報告)」,(2013)。
  13. 9.經濟部工業局全興工業區服務中心,「102年度1至9月監督月報告」,(2013)。
  14. 10.楊萬發,「廢水處理廠操作管理」,工業污染防治技術手冊之25,經濟部工業局工業污染防治技術服務團,財團法人中國技術服務社,台北,第121-123頁(1994)。
  15. 11.王明光、王敏昭,「實用儀器分析」,國立編譯館主編,合記圖書出版社發行(2003)。
  16. 12.張維欽、莊順興、羅時斌、陳建衡,「生物處理系統之溶解性微生 物產物探討」,工業污染防治,第105期(2008)。
  17. 13.楊萬發理事長,「污水處理技術與操作參數設計運算」簡報,台灣環保技術交流協會。
  18. 14.歐陽嶠暉,「活性污泥操作維護手冊」,工業污染防治技術手冊之8,經濟部工業局工業污染防治技術服務團,財團法人中國技術服務社,台北,第9-30頁(1994)。
  19. 15.羅文偉、總校閱、李孫榮、張錦松、張錦輝、陳健民、曾如娟譯,環工單元操作(Reynolds:Unit Operation &Processes in Environmental Engineering),高立出版社(2006)。
  20. 16.經濟部工業局,「廢水處理單元設計及異常對策參考手冊」,(2006)。