Analysis of the Impact of the In-between Space on the Schoolchildren’s Activity Behaviors through the Fuzzy Theory – A Case Study of Neipu Primary School
活動行為 ； 模糊理論 ； 分析網路程序法 ； 中介空間 ； 國民小學 ； Analytic Network Process (ANP) ； In-between Space ； Primary School ； Fuzzy Theory ； Activity Behavior
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中介空間的概念於1960 年代初期由Aldo Van Eyck所提出，乃在建築外部空間及內部空間中，將此雙重對立空間加以調和。此種空間型態存在於各類型建築物中，本論文則著重於探討國小校舍及校園中介空間對學童活動行為之影響。研究方法主要有三種: 1.以模糊理論詮釋國小中介空間及其影響因子；2.以分析網路程序法(ANP)決定各影響因子之權重；3.以統計學之研究方法分析學童活動行為。文末以台中市后里區內埔國小為實證案例，從研究中發現：(1)空間隸屬函數值為0~0.2之空間，本論文定義為外部空間，學童之活動行為極偏向公共、動態活動；(2)空間隸屬函數值介於0.2~0.4之空間，定義為偏公共性中介空間，空間特性屬於偏公共、動態型態，研究中發現學童全部活動行為皆有；(3)空間隸屬函數為0.4~0.6之空間，定義為中介空間，空間特性屬於半私密半公共性，活動行為偏多樣傾向；(4)空間隸屬函數值介於0.6~0.8之空間，定義為偏私密性中介空間，空間特型屬於私密型態，學童之活動行為偏靜態、私密活動；(5)空間隸屬函數值為0.8~1.0之空間，定義為內部空間，學童之活動行為極偏靜態活動。研究成果除可提供建築師於未來規劃設計國小校舍及校園之參考外，本論文並彙整學童對空間的需求，衡量使用空間的頻率，希望學校的空間規劃設計能達到「使用者參與」原則，以發揮學校規劃設計的教育目的。
The concept of ‘in-between space’ was propounded by Aldo Van Eyck in the early 1960s for harmonizing the dichotomized distinction between the external and internal spaces of buildings . The in-between spaces exist in all types of buildings, and this study delved into the impact of the elementary school buildings and campus in-between spaces on the primary school children’s activity behaviors. In this study, three research methods were employed: 1. the Fuzzy Theory was applied to interpret the primary school in-between spaces and their variables; 2. the Analytic Network Process (ANP) was used to determine respective weighting of each variable; 3. Finally, a statistic research method was devised to analyze the primary school children’s activity behaviors. The study was concluded with an empirical case of Neipu Primary School, Houli District, Taichung City, where: (1) a space membership function value ranging 0-0.2 was defined as an ‘external space’, in which the schoolchildren’s activity behaviors were of an extreme public or dynamic nature; (2) a space membership function value ranging 0.2-0.4 was defined as a ‘public-oriented in-between space’, in which the space exhibited a public or dynamic nature and the schoolchildren displayed comprehensive activity behaviors; (3) a space membership function value ranging 0.4-0.6 was defined as an ‘in-between space’, in which the space was attributed to the half-private and half-public nature and the activity behaviors were leaning toward multiplicity; (4) a space membership function value ranging 0.6-0.8 was defined as a ‘privacy-oriented in-between space’, in which the space was of a private nature and the schoolchildren’s activity behaviors were prone to be static or private; (5) a space membership function value ranging 0.8-1.0 was defined as an ‘internal space’, in which the school children’s activity behaviors were of an extreme private nature. The study conclusion would not only provide a useful reference to architects for their future planning and design on primary school buildings and campus, but also present collating information reflecting schoolchildren’s spatial needs and the frequencies of spaces used. It is hoped that a school spatial planning and design may be compliant with the end-user participation principle so as to achieve the educational objectives of a school planning and design.
工程學 > 土木與建築工程
工程學 > 市政與環境工程