Title

大學生約會強暴情境判斷量表發展及其相關因素探討之研究:以某科技大學為例

Translated Titles

Scale Development of situational judgment and investigate factors related date rape college students: A Case Study of a University of Science and Technology

DOI

10.6829/STU.2014.00152

Authors

林淑華

Key Words

約會強暴;情境判斷量表;高工具高表達;高工具低表達; ; Date rape;Situational judgment scale;High expression high tool;High tool low expression;Low tool low expression;Low expression high tools

PublicationName

樹德科技大學人類性學研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2014年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

施俊名

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

大學生約會強暴情境判斷量表發展及其相關因素探討之研究:以某科技大學為例 研究生:林淑華 指導教授:施俊名 樹德科技大學性學研究所 摘要 本研究旨在發展約會強暴情境判斷量表,並以此工具探討不同背景的大學生約會強暴態度現況及其差異。本研究以南部地區某科技大學學生為研究對象,共測得有效樣本474人,研究使用工具包括「性別角色量表」、「約會強暴情境判斷量表」,調查所得資料經以SPSS 14.0電腦統計套裝軟體進行描述性統計、獨立樣本t考驗、單因子變異數分析等方式進行分析。 研究發現如下:就性別而言,男女大學生在約會強暴態度有顯著差異。其中,男大學生對於強暴行為接受程度較女大學生為高;女大學生傾向認定男方的行為是不可接受的,需要負責的,但同時卻也會譴責女性受害者的行為。 就年級而言,高低年級大學生在約會強暴態度有顯著差異。其中,高年級的大學生對於強暴行為接受程度較低年級的大學生為高;低年級大學生傾向認定男方的行為是不可接受的,需要負責的,也會譴責女性受害者的行為。 就感情而言,不同感情狀況的大學生在約會強暴態度有顯著差異。其中,現有固定交往以及曾有固定交往對象的大學生對於強暴行為接受程度較從未有固定交往經驗的大學生為高;有男女交往經驗的學生對於約會強暴行為接受程度較未曾有男女交往經驗的學生為高。 就飲酒習慣而言,有無飲酒習慣的大學生在約會強暴態度有顯著差異。其中, 有飲酒習慣的大學生對於約會強暴行為的接受程度較無飲酒習慣的大學生為高;無飲酒習慣的大學生傾向譴責女性受害者。 就性別角色態度而言,男女大學生在約會強暴態度有顯著差異。其中低工具高表達的大學生對於約會強暴行為接受程度較低工具低表達的大學生為高、高工具高表達的大學生和高工具低表達的大學生皆認為強暴行為加害人須負責任。高工具低表達的大學生對於強暴行為受害人須負責任的看法較高工具高表達的大學生為高。且傾向於譴責強暴被害人 最後研究者依據上述研究結論加以討論,並提出未來研究方向之建議及推展大學約會強暴防治教育時的參考建議。 關鍵字:約會強暴;情境判斷量表;高工具高表達;高工具低表達; 低工具低表達;低工具高表達

English Abstract

Scale Development of situational judgment and investigate factors related date rape college students: A Case Study of a University of Science and Technology Student:Shu-Hua Lin Advisor:Dr. Chun-Ming Shih Graduate School of Human Sexuality Shu-Te University Abstract The purpose of this study is to develop the scale of date rape situations, and using it as a tool to explore the attitudes and differences toward date rape among different backgrounds of college students. In this study, the study objects were the students of technology university at southern region, and collected 474 valid samples . The study tools for this study include "Sex Role Inventory" and "Date Rape Situational Judgment Scale". With SPSS for windows14.0 software package for data processing and analysis, statistical descriptive statistics packages, and analyzed independent samples t test, one-way ANOVA analysis. The main findings are as follows: Participants of different gender had significantly difference on attitudes toward date rape. The male students had higher acceptance of rape than the females’. Although most female students thought that the men's behaviors are unacceptable and need to be responsible for, they also condemned the female victims at the same time. Participants of different grade had significantly difference on attitudes toward date rape. The higher grade students had higher acceptance of rape than the lower grade’s. Although lower grade students thought that the men's behaviors are unacceptable and need to be responsible for, they also condemned the female victims at the same time. Participants of different states of relationship had significantly difference on attitudes toward date rape. College students who have or had stable relationship had higher acceptance of rape than the ones who never had. Participants of different alcoholic habits had significantly difference on attitudes toward date rape. College students who are used to get drink had higher acceptance of rape than the ones who are not. In terms of gender role attitudes, there are significant differences between male and female students in date rape attitude. Among them, the college low expression tool for college acceptance date rape behavior with low expression of the lower tool is high, college students and high tool high high expression tools are considered low expression of acts of violence perpetrators should be held responsible. Low expression of college students high tool for victims of violence should be held responsible for the views expressed in higher tool high high. And tend to condemn rape victims. Based on its main findings, this study proposes specific recommendations to serve as reference for universities promoting date rape prevention education。 Keyword︰Date rape;Situational judgment scale;High expression high tool;High tool low expression;Low tool low expression;Low expression high tools

Topic Category 人文學 > 人類學及族群研究
應用社會學院 > 人類性學研究所
Reference
  1. 田原榛(2012)。南部地區大學生性別刻版印象、對性的象徵性抵抗與約會強暴態度關聯性之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。樹德科技大學,高雄市。
    連結:
  2. 林慧貞、吳秀峰(2007)。大學生對約會強暴之看法-以一所私立大學為例。開南大學通識研究集刊,12,111-133。
    連結:
  3. 范世玲(2008)。大專女學生對約會暴力容忍度及影響因素之研究-以台北某商業技術學院為例(未出版之碩士論文) 。國立台北大學,台北市。
    連結:
  4. 孫頌賢、李宜玫(2009)。暴力的代間傳遞:原生家庭暴力經驗與依戀系統對大學生約會暴力行為的預測比較。家庭教育與諮商學刊,7,24-43。
    連結:
  5. Abbey, A. (1991). Acquaintance rape and alcohol consumption on college campuses : How are they linked ? Journal of American College Health, 39(4), 165-169.
    連結:
  6. Abbey, A., Cozzarelli, C., McLaughlin, K., & Harnish, R. J. (1987). The effects of clothing and dyad sex composition on perceptions of sexual intent: Do women and men evaluate these cues differently. Journal of Applied Social Psychology of Women Quarterly, 17(2), 108-126.
    連結:
  7. Bandura, A. (1973). Aggression: a social learning analysis. Englewood Clifs: Prentic-Hall.
    連結:
  8. Bridges, J. S., & McGrail, C. A. (1989). Attributions of responsibility for date and stranger rape. Sex Roles, 21, 273-286.
    連結:
  9. Browne, A., & Finkelhor (1986). Impact of child sexual abuse: A review of theresearch. Psychological Bulletin, 99, 66-77.
    連結:
  10. Buhi, E. R.(2005). Reliability reporting practices in rape myth research. Journal of School Health, 75(2), 63-66.
    連結:
  11. Carden, A. S. (1994). Wife Abuse and the Wife Abuser: Review and Recommendations. The Counseling Psychologist, 22(4), 539-582.
    連結:
  12. Dull, R. T., & Giacopassi, D. J. (1987). Demographic correlates of sexual and dating attitudes: A study of date rape. Criminal Justice and Behavior(14), 175-193.
    連結:
  13. Dunn, Kate M, R., P., Croft, G. I., & Hackett. (1999). Association of sexual problems with social, psychological, and physical problems in men and women: a cross sectional population survey. Journal of Epidemiological Community Health, 55, 144-148.
    連結:
  14. Fischer, G. J., & Chen, J. (1994). The attitudes toward forcible date rape (FDR) scale: Development of a measurement model. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 16(1), 33-51.
    連結:
  15. Gidycz, C. A., Coble, C., & Latham, L. (1993). Sexual assault experience in adulthood and prior victimization experiences. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 17(2), 151-168.
    連結:
  16. Gidycz, C. A., Coble, C., Latham, L., & Layman, M. J. (1993). Sexual assault experience in adulthood and prior victimization experiences. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 17(2), 151-168.
    連結:
  17. Glick, P., & Fiske, S. (1996). The Ambivalent Sexism Inventory: Differentiating hostile and benevolent sexism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(3), 491-512.
    連結:
  18. Ige, Z. B., & Yavuz, M. S. (2003). Turkish University Student's Attitudes toward rape. Sex Roles, 49(11-12), 653-662.
    連結:
  19. Jackson, S. (1995). The social context of rape: Sexual scipts motivation. In R. Society (Ed.), West-view Press. Boulder(16-27). San-Francisco: Oxord.
    連結:
  20. Koss, M. P. (1988). Hidden rape: Sexual aggression and victimization in a national sample of students in higher education. In I. A. W. B. (Ed.) (Ed.), Rape and sexual assault II (pp. 3-25). New York: Garland.
    連結:
  21. Koss, M. P., & Dinero, T. E. (1989). Discriminant analysis of risk factors for sexual victimization among a national sample of college women. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57(2), 242-250.
    連結:
  22. Koss, M. P., Gidycz, C. A., & Wisniewski, N. (1987). The scope of rape: Incidence and prevalence of sexual aggression and victimization in a national sample of students in higher education. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55(2), 162-170.
    連結:
  23. Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining Sample Size for Research Activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement. 30, 3(607-610).
    連結:
  24. Lloyd, S. A. (1991). The Dark Side of Courtship: Violence and Sexual Exploitation. Violence and Sexual Exploitation, Family Relations,40(1), 14-20.
    連結:
  25. Mahoney, E. R. (1983). Human sexuality. New York: McGraw-Hill.
    連結:
  26. Mills, C. S., & Granoff, B. J. (1992). Date acquaintance rape among a sample of college students. Socia Work, 37(6), 504-509.
    連結:
  27. Muehlenhard, C. L., Friedman, D. E., & Thomas, C. M. (1985). Is date rape justifiable: The effects of dating activity, who initiated, who paid, and men's attitudes toward vomen. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 9(3), 297-310.
    連結:
  28. Muehlenhard , C. L., & Linton, M. A. (1987). Date rape and sexual aggression in dating situations Incidence and risk factors. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 34(2), 186-196.
    連結:
  29. Norris, J., & Cubbins, L. A. (1992). Dating, drinking, and rapev : Effects of Victim's and Assailant's Alcohol Consumption on judgments of Their Behavior and Traits. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 16(2), 179-191.
    連結:
  30. Simonelli, C. J., & Ingram, K. M. (1998). Psychological distress among men experiencing physical and emotional abuse in heterosexual dating relationships. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 13(6), 667-681.
    連結:
  31. Smith, P. H., White , J. W., & Holland, L. J. (2002). A Longitudinal Perspective on Dating Violence Among Adolescent And College-Age Women. American.Journal of Public Health, 93(7), 1104-1109.
    連結:
  32. Ward, C. A. (1995). Attitudes toward rape: Feminist and social psychological perspectives. London: Sage.
    連結:
  33. Weir, J. A., & Wrightsman, L. S. (1990). The determinants of mock jurors' verdicts in a rape case. . Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 20, 901-919.
    連結:
  34. Yegidis, B. L. (1986). Date rape and other forced sexual encounters among college students. Journal of Sex Education arm Therapy, 12(2), 51-54.
    連結:
  35. 參考文獻
  36. 壹、中文部份
  37. 王慶福(1996)。人際依附風格、性別角色取向與人際親密能力之評量。測驗年刊,44(2),63-78。
  38. 吳玉釵(2006)。台南區大學生約會性侵害態度及預防性侵害行為意向之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。樹德科技大學,高雄市。
  39. 阮芳賦、林燕卿(2003)。人類性學。台北:華騰文化股份。
  40. 林玉玫(2002)。性別教育課程對國小高年級學生性別知識、性別態度與自我保護技巧之輔導效果研究(未出版之碩士論文)。台南師範學院,台南。
  41. 林淑敏、李宗派(2003)。變質的親密關係-青少年約會暴力的認知與探討。社區發展季刊,103,157-170。
  42. 張慧英(1996)。這就是強暴。台北:平氏出版。
  43. 現代婦女基金會(2006)。約會強暴議題。台北:台北市現代婦女基金會。
  44. 許春金(2003)。犯罪學。台北:三民書局。
  45. 許維倫(1998)。遭受婚姻暴力婦女因應方式之研究。(未出版之碩士論文)國立中正大學,嘉義。
  46. 陳若璋(1994)。大學性騷擾、性侵害經驗之研究報告。中華心理衛生學刊,7(1),77-96。
  47. 黃富源(2002)。被害者學理論的再建構。中央警察大學犯罪防治學報,12(3),1-24。
  48. 羅燦煐(1999b)。變調的約會:青少年約會強暴的防治。高中教育,9(12-15)。
  49. 羅燦煐(2004)。事出有因,情有可原?-台灣青少年對約會強暴之寬容性研究.。載於載於何春蕤(主編).(主編),性/別政治與主體形構(257-293)。台北市:麥田出版社。
  50. 貳、外文部份
  51. Amir, M. (1971). Pattern of forcible rape. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  52. Bateman, P. (1991). The context of date rape. Dating violence young women in danger. Seattle: WA: The Seal Press.
  53. Bechhofer, & Parrot (1991). What is acquaintance rape? Acquaintance rape: The hidden crime. New York: Wiley.
  54. Burt, M. R. (1991). Rape myths and acquaintance rape. In A. Parrot & L. Bechhofer (Eds.), Acquaintance rape : The hidden crime (pp. 26-40). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  55. Hamey, P., & Muehlenhard, C. (1991). Factors which increase the likelihood of victims. . In A. A. P. L. B. (Eds.) (Ed.), Acquaintance Rape: The Hidden Crime (Section 159-175). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  56. Hirschi, T. (1969). Causes of delinquency. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  57. Miller, B., & Marshall, J. C. (1987). Coercive sex on the university campus. Journal of College Student Personnel, 28(1), 38-47.
  58. Sacco, V. F., & Kennedy, L. W. (1996). The criminal event. Belmont: CA: Wadsworth.
Times Cited
  1. 張晋嘉(2010)。次貸金融危機對國內指數股票型基金績效之研究。政治大學經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)學位論文。2010。1-81。
  2. 江宗軒(2017)。ETF價格波動預測能力之探討。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-62。