Title

優秀女壘選手打擊動作之生物力學分析

Translated Titles

Biomechanical Analysis of Female Fast Pitch Softball Batting

DOI

10.5297/ser.200406_6(2).0012

Authors

郭展能(Chan-Neng Kuo);黃長福(Chen-Fu Huang);郭明松(Ming-Song Kuo)

Key Words

女子快壘 ; 打擊 ; 生物力學 ; 運動學 ; 動力學 ; female fast pitch softball ; batting ; biomechanics ; kinematics ; kinetics

PublicationName

大專體育學刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

6卷2期(2004 / 06 / 01)

Page #

151 - 159

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究主要目的為探討女子快壘打擊動作之運動學與動力學參數,藉由對打擊動作深入的瞭解,以發揮高度的運動技術及提升訓練效果。以台灣師範大學女壘隊7名優秀選手為施測對象。利用兩台Redlake高速攝影機(250Hz)與測力板(1000Hz)同步擷取打擊期間之運動學與動力學參數。實驗結果發現,擊中球瞬間之後腳膝角度125.5±7.09(deg),前腳膝角度平均159.1±5.44(deg)。球棒棒頭最大速度出現在擊中球之前平均0.03±0.003(秒)。而球棒達最大速度之時,打者左右大腿產生之力矩占全身各部位力矩和約32±9%,而軀幹所產生之力矩則占全身力矩和為44.39±13.95%,所以軀幹的強化對提昇球棒速度有絕對的幫助。關於雙腳之地面反作用力,打者在後擺期將重量大部分先集中在後腳,隨著打擊動怍身體之施轉,逐漸轉移到前腳。在擊球瞬間,前腳與後腳Fz值之比例為3:1。此實驗結果與Messier(1985)之實驗相符。

English Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the kinematic and kinetic parameters of female fast pitch softball batting. Seven elite Taiwanese female fast pitch softball batters served as subjects. Two Redlake high-speed cameras (250Hz) were synchronized with a force platform (1000Hz) to record the hitting action. When bat speed achieved maximum, the mean moment of both thigh contributed about 32±9 (%) of total body moment. The trunk moment contributed 44±14 (%) of all. The vertical force of rear foot increased and was larger than forward foot in buffer phase. At the moment of contacting ball the average vertical force of forward foot was three times larger than the rear foot. It was suggested that in order to generate maximal bat velocity, a hitter must have a strong trunk to generate rotation moment.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 體育學
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Times Cited
  1. 江元凱(2011)。國小高年級學童樂樂棒球不同打擊步法之生物力學分析。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-87。