Title

日本中等學校體育教師師資培育制度-以大阪教育大學為例

Translated Titles

Physical education teacher education and appointment system of Japanese secondary schools-take Osaka Kyoiku University as an example

Authors

謝亞琪(Ya-Chi Hsieh);掌慶維(Ching-Wei Chang)

Key Words

師資培育 ; 教育特色 ; 教育政策 ; teacher education ; educational characteristics ; education policy

PublicationName

臺中教育大學體育學系系刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

12期(2017 / 11 / 01)

Page #

70 - 81

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

近年來面臨師資培育重大變革,多元、開放的培育制度下,品質雖更加多元卻也夾帶更多不穩定,如何培育專業與高品質的體育教師,對於國家體育教育發展至關重要。日本體育師資培育機構制定了以教師素質能力和職業使命為其主要內容的方案,並制定體育師資課程的標準,從而確保體育教師的培養質量。本研究目的在瞭解日本中等學校體育師資培育制度。研究方法先經由文獻分析,瞭解日本體育師資培育理念、課程特色及發展現況。研究結果發現:一、採用開放型培育模式:日本師資培育制度的原則有二,其一為大學教育機構負責培養;其二為採取開放型培育模式。二、廣開師培管道,增設「特別免許狀」,鼓勵優秀社會人士從事教職工作;三、注重培養教師實踐指導能力,強調理論與實務交互作用,達到教育實習所欲培養的教師實際指導能力基礎的目標;四、日本文部省提出「長期社會進修體驗」,強調教師在職進修教育,有效運用在班級經營與學生的問題解決與應變,加深對教育之理解,提高工作成效。我國師資培育未來若能在不降低師資生的專業水平下,增加修習教育學分的多元途徑,並調整實習期程,融合理論與實務,將對於我國師資生有更明確的努力目標與動力。

English Abstract

In recent years, faced with the teacher to cultivate major changes, diversified and open training system, how to cultivate professional sports teachers, for the development of national physical education is essential. Japan Sports Teachers Training Institution has developed a program of teachers' quality and professional mission as its main content, and the development of physical education teacher curriculum standards, so as to ensure the quality of physical education teachers. The study is aimed to investigate physical education teacher education and appointment system in Japan. The results indicated that; 1. In Japan, the use of open cultivation model: the Japanese teacher training system has two principles, one for the university education institutions responsible for training; the second is to take an open type of cultivation; 2. increase the way of training and encourage people to engage in faculty work; 3. strengthen the training of teachers to guide the practice, emphasizing the interaction between theory and practice; 4. Japanese Ministry of Education has put forward the "long-term social learning experience", emphasizing the teachers in-service education, effective use of class management and student problem solving and response, to deepen understanding of education and improve the effectiveness of the work.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 體育學