Cultural Hybridization in Maxine Hong Kingston's Tripmaster Monkey: His Fake Book

Translated Titles





傅友祥(Bennett Yu-Hsiang Fu)

Key Words

湯婷婷 ; 文化混種 ; 族裔 ; 搗蛋鬼 ; Maxine Hong Kingston ; cultural hybridization ; ethnicity ; trickster


Hwa Kang Journal of English Language & Literature

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

14期(2008 / 07 / 01)

Page #

165 - 178

Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

The struggle to forge a new identity recurs as a central theme in American minority literature. Kingston's Tripmaster Monkey: His Fake Book (1989) problematizes, subverts, and displaces restrictive ethnic definitions by emphasizing the complex processes of cultural and linguistic representation and interpretation. Kingston writes to reconstitute the American experience through the strategy of ”difference,” highlighting the importance of difference within American cultures by challenging the status quo of American identity. By investigating Kingston's emphasis on the hyphen of ethnicity and cultural transformation/translation in the novel, this essay explores the problematic valorization of the hybrid ethnic/national equation and offers an alternative cultural ”space” between the hyphenated Chinese and Americans. Incessantly reformulated and reformulating itself through languages and breaking boundaries, Kingston's narrative offers an alternative trickster space. Such space resists the homogenizing and unifying conflation to define ”ethnicity” through her protagonist taking on multiple roles and constantly enacting versions of ethnicity.

Topic Category 人文學 > 語言學
人文學 > 外國文學
社會科學 > 教育學
  1. Anderson, Benedict.(1983).Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism.London/New York:Verso.
  2. Bhabha, Homi K.(1994).The Location of Culture.London:Routledge.
  3. Blauvelt, William Satake.,Paul Skenazy (Ed.),Tera Martin. (Ed.)(1997).Conversations with Maxine Hong Kingston.Jackson:UP of Mississippi.
  4. Chin, Frank.,Jerry Paul Chan et al. (Ed.)(1989).The Big Aiiieeeee!: An Anthology of Asian-American Writers.New York:Meridian Books.
  5. Deeney, John J.(1993).Of Monkeys and Butterflies: Transformation in M. H. Kingston's Tripmaster Monkey and D. H. Hwang's M. Butterfly.MELUS,18(4),21-40.
  6. Ferens, Dominika.(2002).Edith and Winnifred Eaton: Chinatown Missions and Japanese Romances.Urbana:U of Illinois P.
  7. Furth, Isabella.(1994).Beee-e-een! Nation, Transformation and the Hyphen of Ethnicity in Kingston's Tripmaster Monkey.MFS: Modern-Fiction-Studies,40(1),33-49.
  8. Gates, Henry Louis, Jr.(1988).The Signifying Monkey: A Theory of African-American Literary Criticism.New York:Oxford UP.
  9. Goellnicht, Donald C.,King-Kok Cheung. (Ed.)(1997).An Interethnic Companion to Asian American Literature.New York:Cambridge UP.
  10. Hall, Stuart.,Patrick Williams (Ed.),Laura Chrisman.(1994).Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory: A Reader.N.Y.:Columbia UP.
  11. Kingston, Maxine Hong.(1989).Tripmaster Monkey: His Fake Book.N. Y.:Alfred A. Knopf.
  12. Kingston, Maxine Hong.,Janet Sternburg. (Ed.)(1980).The Writer on Her Work.New York:Norton.
  13. Ling, Amy.,Geoffrey Kain. (Ed.)(1997).Ideas of Home: Literature of Asian Migration.East Lansing:Michigan State UP.
  14. Lowe, Lisa.(1996).Immigrant Acts: on Asian American Cultural Politics.Durham:Duke UP.
  15. Tricksters in Doctorow and Kingston
  16. McClintock, Anne.(1995).Imperial Leather: Race, Gender and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest.London:Routledge.
  17. Schueller, Malini Johar.(1992).Theorizing Ethnicity and Subjectivity: Maxine Hong Kingston's Tripmaster Monkey and Amy Tan's The Joy Luck Club.
  18. Seshachari, Neila C.,Paul Skenazy (Ed.),Tera Martin.(1997).Conversations with Maxine Hong Kingston.Jackson:UP of Mississippi.
  19. Shostak, Debra.,Amritjit Singh et al. (Ed.)(1994).Memory, Narrative, and Identity: New Essays in Ethnic American Literatures.Boston:Northeastern UP.
  20. Smith, Jeanne R(1996).Rethinking American Culture: Maxine Hong Kingston's Cross-Culture Tripmaster Monkey.Modern-Languages-Studies,26(4),71-81.
  21. Whitman, Walt.,Nina Baym et al. (Ed.)(1985).The Norton Anthology of American Literature.New York:Norton and Co.
  22. Wong, Sau-ling Cynthia.(1993).Reading Asian American Literature: From Necessity to Extravagance.New Jersey:Princeton UP.
  23. Young, Robert J. C.(1995).Colonial Desire: Hybridity in Theory, Culture, and Race.London:Routledge.
  24. Yuan, Yuan.,Geoffrey Kain. (Ed.)(1997).Ideas of Home: Literature of Asian Migration.East Lansing:Michigan State UP.