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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. Chen, L. D., T. Sakaguchi and M. N. Frolick, 2000. Data Mining Methods, Applications, and Tools, Information Systems Management, 17(1):65-70.
  2. 6. Davids, Meryl, 1999. How to Avoid the 10 Biggest Mistake in CRM, The Journal of Business Strategy, 20(6):22-26.
  3. 8. Goodman, John, 1992. Leveraging the Customer Database to Your Competitive Advantage, Direct Marketing, 55(8):26-27.
  4. 9. Gorden, S. L. 1999. CRM: The Intelligent Enterprise, Intelligent Enterprise, 11:8-13.
  5. 10. Grupe, F. H. and M. M. Owrang, 1995. Database Mining Discovery New Knowledge and Cooperavive Advantage, Information Systems Management, 12(4):26-31.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃于真(2013)。運用統計與資料探勘方法進行顧客購買行為分析。長榮大學資訊管理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-52。 
  2. 王偉丞(2015)。從信用卡交易紀錄探勘消費者衝動性購買行為。臺灣大學國際企業學研究所學位論文。2015。1-139。 
  3. 劉向桓(2008)。市場分群模式與顧客價值模式研討─以電影市場為例。臺灣大學商學研究所學位論文。2008。1-95。
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