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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王增勇,2004,〈透視專家權力:以台北市居家服務爲場域的行動研究〉,《應用心理研究》,第23期,頁51-77。
  2. 王增勇,2005,〈社區照顧的再省思:小型化?規格化?產業化?〉,《台灣社會研究季刊》,第59期,頁91-141。
  3. 王雲東、楊培珊與黃竹萱,2007,〈台灣地區年長榮民生活照顧與婚姻狀況的研究─社會排除觀點的初探〉,《東吳社會工作學報》,第17期,頁33-64。
  4. 李易駿,2006a,〈社會排除:流行或挑戰〉,《社會政策與社會工作學刊》,第10卷第1期,頁1-47。
  5. 沈若儀,2004,《居家服務使用與家庭照顧者負荷之關係探討》。國立台灣大學衛生政策與管理研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃馨儀(2012)。未升學未就業青少年之生活經驗探討:社會排除觀點。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2012。1-195。 
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