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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 191 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李建興,1996,《政府遷台後初級中學體育課程標準修訂之歷史考察—以民國五十一年為中心》,國立台灣師範大學體育研究所碩士論文。
    2. 邱建章,2003,《來去加州:休閒健身運動與生活風格之文化研究》,國立台灣師範大學體育學系碩士論文。
    3. 姜慧嵐,2000,《台灣健康體適能俱樂部產業之研究》,私立中國文化大學運動教練研究所碩士論文。
    4. 陳威村,2003,《中國大陸職業籃球發展之研究》,國立台灣師範大學體育學系碩士論文。
    5. 薛雲道,2002,《全國運動會之歷史變遷(民國35-90年)》,國立台灣師範大學體育學系碩士論文。
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 洪奕歆(2018)。女性健美選手的身體意象與認同。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2018。1-112。 
    2. 陳秋瑋(2009)。從局外人到圈內人:社研所非科班生的學習歷程。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2009。1-141。
    3. 黃柏竣(2009)。健身房男性會員運動行為、肌肉外顯滿意度與自尊關係之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2009。1-89。
    4. 莊珮琪(2010)。職棒球員身體資本之形成及其轉化。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-148。
    5. 鍾瀚億(2014)。健身俱樂部消費者知覺價值、運動承諾對忠誠度之影響。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-132。
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