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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王千倖(2003)。以「網路同儕教學」建構「網路學習社群」之行動研究。師大學報,48(1),119-142。
  2. 王佳麟(2010)。全民國防教育網路社群化輔助學習行為效益研究─以高級中等學校為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學國際事務與全球戰略研究所,臺北市。
  3. 吳偉銍(2006)。探討網路教學與合作學習對學習成效之影響(未出版之碩士論文)。國立雲林科技大學資訊管理系碩士班,雲林縣。
  4. 李忠義(2008)。運用網路學習社群概念於公務人員訓練之研究—以臺北市政府公務人員訓練處為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣科技大學資訊管理系,臺北市。
  5. 林達森(2002)。合作學習在九年一貫課程的應用。教育研究資訊,10(2),87-103。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 僧羽綸(2015)。中高齡者參與合作式服務學習歷程之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育系高齡者教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-114。
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