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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 池祥萱、繆文娟與莊瀅臻,2014,企業社會責任對於公司財務績效之影響是雙面刃嗎?來自全球500大公司的證據,管理學報,第31卷第1期:1-19。
  2. 李秀英、劉俊儒、楊筱翎,2011,企業社會責任與公司績效之關聯性,東海管理評論,第13卷第1期:77-112。
  3. 沈中華與張元,2008,企業的社會責任行為可以改善財務績效嗎?─以英國FTSE社會責任指數為例,經濟論文,第36卷第3期:339-385。
  4. 林靖傑、吳琮璠與莊素增,2015,強制以XBRL申報財務報告能否降低資訊不對稱?會計評論,第60期:1-33。
  5. 徐志順與華浤安,2014,台灣上市櫃公司股權結構與企業永續性之關聯性:並論產業與國際化之調節效果,當代會計,第15卷第2期:193-223。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴怡岑(2016)。企業社會責任與財務績效之關聯性分析-以台灣企業為例。清華大學經濟學系學位論文。2016。1-33。
  2. 廖芷芸(2017)。臺灣上市公司社會責任之探討:環境議題分析。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-65。
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