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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 25 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Chang, L. C., & Chang, F. J., 2009. Multi-objective evolutionary algorithm for operating parallel reservoir system. Journal of hydrology, 377(1), 12-20.
  2. 2. Chang, L. C., Chang, F. J., Wang, K. W., & Dai, S. Y., 2010. Constrained genetic algorithms for optimizing multi-use reservoir operation. Journal of Hydrology, 390(1), 66-74.
  3. 3. Deb, K., Agrawal, S., Pratap, A., & Meyarivan, T. , 2000. A fast elitist non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm for multi-objective optimization: NSGA-II. In Parallel problem solving from nature PPSN VI (pp. 849-858). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  4. 5. Ghumman, A. R., Khan, M. Z., Khan, A. H., & Munir, S., 2010. Assessment of operational strategies for logical and optimal use of irrigation water in a downstream control system. Irrigation and Drainage, 59(2), 117-128.
  5. 6. Kaini, P., Artita, K., & Nicklow, J. W., 2012. Optimizing structural best management practices using SWAT and genetic algorithm to improve water quality goals. Water resources management, 26(7), 1827-1845.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 温庭玄(2017)。運用多目標水庫最佳化操作提升水、糧食、能源之協同效益。臺灣大學生物環境系統工程學研究所學位論文。2017。1-150。 
  2. 李翊愷(2017)。以NSGA-II探討平行水庫防洪操作策略。淡江大學水資源及環境工程學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-113。
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