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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林建元(1992)《山坡地土地利用管理制度之建立(第二期)─山坡地開發利用整體制度之檢討與規劃》。
  2. 林建元(1996)《山坡地土地利用管理制度之建立(第六期)─山坡地開發利用整體制度之檢討與規劃》。
  3. 許秋玲(2002)《數值高度模型之地形複雜度量度指標研究 以蝕溝等級為例》。國立台灣大學地理資源研究所碩士論文
  4. 黃誌川、徐美玲(2001),〈網格數值地形(DTM)的解析度與不同坡度計算方法之比較〉。《中華水土保持學報》,第32卷第3期 199~205。
  5. 劉延猷(1994)《基本地形圖資料庫精度標準及品質檢核標準之研究報告書》。中國測量工程學會。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李明儒(2008)。不同空間尺度下網格式土地使用變遷模型之敏感性分析。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2008。1-109。 
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