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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李明宗編 (1994) 休閒.觀光.遊憩論文集,人與休閒:遊憩哲學。台北:地景企業出版。
    2. 林俊強 (2005) 原住民族傳統領域之研究--泰雅族司馬庫斯個案,博士論文,台北:臺灣大學地理環境資源研究所
    3. 高宗祺 (2005) 參與災害應變工作非營利組織特性評估指標之探討,碩士論文,台北:台灣大學建築與城鄉研究所。
    4. 蔣得心 (2004) 都市地區街廓層級建物火災風險區劃方法研究,臺北:國立臺灣大學建築與城鄉所碩士論文。
    5. 簡頌愔 (2004) 921震災居民參與式社區重建評估要項之探討,碩士論文,台北:臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所。
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